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Constitutionalisation

Rajiv Gandhi Government

In January 1986, Rajiv Gandhi begins his forays into villages and tribal areas.
And in August, the concept of “responsive administration” was included in the 20-Point Programme.

In February 1989, the Prime minister called the first Panchayati Raj Sammelan in Delhi where he emphasised the need for greater devolution of powers to the Panchayats.

The 64th Amendment, which the ruling party wanted to push through Parliament, sought to confer certain powers on the Panchayati Raj institutions, including the power to raise finances and spend them on specified activities, without the prior approval of state governments.

It would also give the Government complete control over disbursement of the Rs 2,100 crore which had been earmarked for rural development.

Although earmarked for specific districts, state governments could delay the disbursement of the funds or divert them to other activities.

VP Singh Government

The V. P. Singh Government also indicated its intention to introduce a new Panchayat Bill in the Parliament. However, the Lok Sabha was dissolved and the bill could not be passed.

Narsimha Rao Government

In 1992, Narasimha Rao Government finally decided to amend the Constitution. This amendment was made by the Lok Sabha in December, 1992, by the Rajya Sabha in December, 1993 and after being ratified by 17 State Assemblies, it came to be known as 73rd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1993. The 73rd Constitutional Amendment made in 1993 came into operation in April, 1994.

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