‘’Paper – 1 – GS-II, Topic: Issues relating to development of heath sector – Fortification, aim & malnutrition.

MNCs, co-ops, other manufacturers will add premixes of micronutrients to products


  1. Malnutrition isn’t just about acute starvation. Often, healthy-looking people are malnourished too.
  2. The next level of awareness’s will be among consumers to opt for fortified staples.


  • It is the addition of key vitamins and minerals, such as iron, iodine, zinc, vitamin-A and D, to staple food such as rice, milk and salt to improve their nutritional content.


  • To tackle the issue of malnutrition, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) released a set of standards and have focused on awareness- and consensus building.
  • Targeting children, the Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh governments have begun using fortified oil for their mid-day meal schemes.
  • The FSSAI has decided not to interfere in pricing.
  • The FSSAI is also working with small local suppliers, for instance local flour grinding mills, to get them to add premixed micronutrients.


  • Diet does not include the right micronutrients. In severe forms, such deficiencies can have serious effects. For instance, iron deficiency leads to critical problems during pregnancy, and not enough Vitamin A can lead to poor vision, infections, and skin problems. Moreover, the nutrients may or may not have been originally present in the food before processing.

   Source: Hindu


‘’Paper 1 – GS 2 – Topic: Current affairs of International importance

SpaceX makes first U.S. military launch.  Sends secretive satellite to space


  1. SpaceX on Monday blasted off a secretive U.S. government satellite, known only as NROL-76, marking the first military launch for the California-based aerospace company headed by billionaire tycoon Elon Musk.
  2. SpaceX has already made multiple successful landings — some on land and others on floating ocean platforms, known as drone ships.
  3. It was the 34th mission for SpaceX, but its first flight for the Department of Defense, a customer long-pursued by company founder Elon Musk. The privately-owned SpaceX once sued the Air Force over its exclusive launch services contract with United Launch Alliance (ULA), a partnership of Lockheed-Martin and Boeing.
  4. In addition to the NRO’s business, SpaceX has won two Air Force contracts to launch Global Positioning System satellites in 2018 and 2019.
  5. The attempt is part of SpaceX’s effort to make rocket parts recyclable, But SpaceX in 2014 filed a lawsuit against the US Air Force, saying it unfairly awarded billions of dollars to a single company for national security launches.
  6. The military’s business is a fraction of more than 70 missions, worth more than $10 billion, slated to fly on SpaceX rockets. But with up to 13 more military satellite launches open for competitive bidding in the next few years and ULA’s lucrative sole-source contract due to end in 2019, SpaceX is angling to become a major launch service provider to the Department of Defense.

   Source: The sun – UK


‘’Part 2 – GS 1, Topic: Current affairs – Sports Awards and recognitions.

Sardar Singh recommended for Khel Ratna and Sunil, Dharamvir and Deepika for Arjuna Award.



  1. Hockey India (HI) has recommended former National captain Sardar Singh for the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, India’s highest sporting honor.
  2. Sardar Singh was the youngest player to captain India when he led the side at the 2008 Sultan Azlan Shah Cup. He has also received the Arjuna Award in 2012 and Padma Shri in 2015.
  3. Coaches Sandeep Sangwan and Romesh Pathania have been recommended for the Dronacharya Award.
  4. R.P. Singh represented the country at the 1986 and 1990 World Cups. Tete, a former Indian women’s captain and coach, was a member of the gold medal winning team at the 2002 Manchester Commonwealth Games.
  5. Deepika was instrumental in India’s first ever win at the Women’s Asian Champions Trophy last year.
  6. Dharamvir Singh was part of the Asian Games gold medal winning team as well as the squad that won silver at the Commonwealth Games and bronze at Azlan Shah Cup in 2015.
  7. The BCCI has nominated prolific run scorer Cheteshwar Pujara for the prestigious Arjuna award, acknowledging his stupendous show during the last Test season for India. Along with Pujara, Indian women’s cricket team member Harmanpreet Kaur has also been nominated by the Board for the award.

   Source: Hindu