‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Global groupings affecting India’s interest – India, Spain call for ‘zero tolerance’ to terrorism

States backing terror should be subjected to global laws

    What you need to know:

  • India and Spain stressed that there should be “zero tolerance” to terrorism and called on the international community to end “selective or partial” approaches in combating the menace which posed the gravest threat to international peace and stability.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the first Indian PM to visit Spain since 1992, met the European country’s top leaders and they stressed that states and entities which encourage, support, finance terrorism, provide sanctuary to terrorists and glorify terrorism should be subjected to international laws, including restrictive measures.
  • Modi held wide-ranging talks with Spanish President Mariano Rajoy at the Moncloa Palace and invited Spanish firms to invest in India which offered “many opportunities” for them in various fields.
  • After the talks, the two sides signed seven agreements, including pacts on transfer of sentenced persons and visa waiver for holders of diplomatic passports.

   Five MoUs:

  • Five MoUs were signed between the two countries on cooperation in organ transplantation, cybersecurity, renewable energy, civil aviation and one between India’s Foreign Service Institute and Diplomatic Academy of Spain.
  • The two sides also issued a joint statement in which the two leaders welcomed the recent positive developments in bilateral trade and investment partnership, buoyed by the positive economic outlook and called for stronger ties between the businesses of the two nations.
  • Spain is the 12th largest investor in India and the seventh largest trading partner in the EU.
  • There are more than 200 Spanish companies in India that are actively involved in road construction, railways, wind power, defence and smart cities.

    Source: Press Trust of India


‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Indian Constitution significant provision & basic structures – Preventive detention no quick fix

If the power is misused or abused, it will stand vitiated, says Supreme Court

    What is important to know:

  • Preventive detention of a person by a State after branding him a ‘goonda’ merely because the normal legal process is ineffective and time-consuming in ‘curbing the evil he spreads’ is illegal, the Supreme Court has held.

   Liberty of citizen:

  • The judgment, authored by Justice Sinha, held that detention of a person was a serious matter affecting the liberty of the citizen. “Preventive detention cannot be resorted to when sufficient remedies are available under the general laws of the land for any omission or commission under such laws,” the Supreme Court observed.
  • The order of preventive detention, though based on the subjective satisfaction of the detaining authority, is nonetheless a serious matter, affecting the life and liberty of the citizen under Articles 14, 19, 21 and 22 of the Constitution. The power being statutory in nature, its exercise has to be within the limitations of the statute, and must be exercised for the purpose the power is conferred,” Justice Sinha wrote.

   Abuse of power:

  • If the power is misused, or abused for collateral purposes, and is based on grounds beyond the statute, takes into consideration extraneous or irrelevant materials, it will stand vitiated as being in colourable exercise of power,” the court observed.
  • The court found faulty the State government’s reasoning that though the person was already in custody in two other similar cases, there was a probability that he might get bail. The preventive detention order was passed to prevent him from coming out of prison. The court found this reasoning flawed as the detenu had not even applied for bail.

   Extreme measure:

  • The court further dismissed the State’s version that the order of preventive detention was passed as his illegal activities were causing danger to poor and small farmers and their safety and financial well-being. The State had reasoned that the order was passed as an extreme measure to help insulate society from his evil deeds.

    Source: The Hindu

‘’Paper 4-GS-II, Topic: Development of Infrastructure – Ports: INS Kalvari to join Navy by July

It is the first of the six French Scorpene submarines being built in India


  • The first of the six Scorpene submarines, being built in India under technology transfer from France, is likely to join the Navy by July or August, the Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sunil Lanba, said here on Wednesday.
  • Kalvari is going through the final phase of trials, and we are hopeful that in JulyAugust, we will take delivery,” he told presspersons on the sidelines of a seminar, “Building India’s future Navy: technology imperatives”, organised by the Navy and the FICCI.
  • Kalvari is named after a deep-sea tiger shark. Six Scorpene submarines are being built under Project-75 by Mazagon Docks Ltd. with technology transfer from DCNS, a French naval shipbuilder.


  • Trial for Khanderi The second Scorpene submarine Khanderi — named after an island fort of Maratha ruler Chhatrapati Shivaji — was launched in the sea in January and will begin sea trials on June 1. “Khanderi will go into sea on Thursday and, if weather permits, will carry out its first dive,” a defence source said.
  • The Navy hopes to complete the trials by yearend. Asked about Sri Lanka’s decision to deny a Chinese submarine permission to dock at Colombo, Admiral Lanba said: “We have no dialogue on this with the Sri Lankans.
  • It was a decision they have taken on their own.” It coincided with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to that country. Chinese submarines on antipiracy patrols had in the past docked in Sri Lanka, causing concerns in New Delhi.
  • As for the construction of the first indigenous aircraftcarrier Vikrant, Admiral Lanba said the Navy hoped it would start trials in 2019 and “we take delivery in 2020.

   Source: Defence News