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‘’Paper 2 – GS-I, Topic: Indian Heritage – The most heavyweight museum in India; historical importance.

     In the heart of Karnataka, one man’s obsession has resulted in the irst collection of weights and measures.

 

   Illustration

  1. The first museum of weights and measures in the country sits in the Chamarajpeth market area of Davangere, Karnataka. Called Tula Bhavan, its exhibits include more than 3,000 varieties of weighing and measuring devices, some dating back at least three centuries.

   Historical Importance:

  • The museum entered the Limca Book of Records in 2016, and in January this year, the Department of Posts declared it the ‘first of its kind’ in the country in its in-house magazine.
  • The museum in Davangere has 3,000 varieties of weighing scales and measures.
  • The museum is the creation of a family which makes its living in the trade.
  • Among the prize pieces are wooden beam scales from Mysore, and weighing stones used during the Adil Shah period.
  • The bulk of the collection, though, originates in India, and includes devices from almost every part of the country, including from the times of the Nizams of Hyderabad and the Mysore Wadiyars.
  • A visitor can see, for example, wire gauges and a depth-measuring tape made in Germany and folding scales from America and England.

   Source: Hindu

 

‘’Paper 2 – GS-I, Topic: Indian Culture – festival of drums with a message; historical importance.

                      600 exponents of instrumental music to highlight the Bharathapuzha’s distress

   Illustration

  1. Exponents of ‘panchavadyam’, ‘thayambaka’, ‘melappadam’, ‘villinmel thayambaka’, ‘mizhavu’ and ‘thudikottu’, besides other instruments will be there at the event.
  2. Festival on the banks of the dying Bharathapuzha: that would take the message of river protection and the diverse cultures it fostered far and wide.

   Historical Importance:

  • Santhosh Alamkode, a 35-year-old exponent, who won a Limca Book entry with the largest ‘panchavadyam’ performance by 201 artists and the largest ‘thayambaka’ with 101 artists, is hosting the event through his own Sopanam School of Panchavadyam.
  • He has so far trained 850 boys and 55 girls in instrumental music.
  • Santhosh, who took up ‘panchavadyam’ at five, was instrumental in starting the first all-women ‘panchavadyam’ troupe with 33 performers, who till then worked as daily-wage labourers in farms.
  • At the six-day crowd funded event, over 600 instrumental music exponents including tribal and Dalit artists will play 35 types of instruments, watched by thousands of enthusiasts and 30,000 students of 200 schools in Palakkad, Thrissur, and Malappuram districts.

   Source: Hindu

 

‘’ Paper 4 – GS-III, Topic: Environmental Conservation – Delhi’s Summer Action Plan – Water Board

Delhi’s supply of raw water not increased, but the water utility seeks to improve efficiency and reduce losses

   Illustration

  1. Delhi Jal Board would be aiming to produce 914 million gallons per day (MGD) of treated water, increasing its target from last year’s 900 MGD.

   Preventive maintenance:

  • Of that, nine treatment plants produced 787.50 MGD, four recycling plants produced 30 MGD and ranney wells and tubewells supplied 80 MGD.
  • With preventive maintenance of plants being completed, the Jal Board is hoping to stave off shut-downs and maintain peak production levels as needed.

   Various proposals:

  • In order to prevent leakage and contamination, the action plan proposed replacing 65 km of old pipelines as well as laying 360 km of new ones.
  • In addition, the action plan has proposed supplying water through 932 tankers at 16,668 supply points to those who lack access to piped water.

   Consumer complaints:

  • Consumers can register complaints through the helpline, 1916, or the DJB app or website. As per the action plan, the water utility received 2.20 lakh complaints regarding water contamination, lack of water supply and sewer blockages from April 1, 2016, till October 31, 2016. About 98% of these have been addressed.

   Source: Hindu