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GS Paper III- Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Aero India armed with biggest disaster management plan

What’s Happening-
The State Disaster Management Authority has drawn up a blueprint to handle emergency situations that may arise during the five-day Aero India 2017 that will commence from February 14 at Yelahanka air force base.
It is termed as the biggest disaster management plan conceived in the country.

Key Points discussed were:

Plan by the Ministry of Defence to handle Event:

  • Deployment of over 600 officials from about 18 departments.
  • 40 doctors, 70 nurses and paramedical staff, during the country’s premier bi-annual air show that attracts thousands of business delegates and general public.
  • Full-fledged control room that will have data centre.
  • Grievance cell and disaster management cell.
  • Six separate squads will handle different issues.
  • Five emergency response centres have been established around the air base.
  • Two helipads at HAL and ASC Centre in Domlur will be kept ready, while over 33 hospitals across the city have been blocked for the air show.

Radars on display:

  • A host of new radars developed by Bharat Electronics Ltd. will be on display at Aero India.
  • It includes Ground Penetrating Radar, Thro Wal Radar, Weapon Locating Radar, Mine Field Recording System, and Schilka Weapon System, a release from BEL said.
  • Also on display will be the complete range of Electro Optics.
  • The electronic warfare and airborne products, include avionics for Light Combat Aircraft, Helicopters and for Rustom Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.
  • The highlight would be the Army version of the Akash Missile System, including troop level radar, troop control centre, and troop power supply vehicle.

Background-
Aero India is a biennial  and aviation exhibition held in ,  at the Yelahanka Air Force Station.
It is the second largest air show in the world after the .
Organisers:
The , ,   (DRDO), , the  and other such organisations join hands to organise the Aero India show.
First edition of the air show was held in 1996.
In recent years, the Aero India has emerged as one of the world’s most important and largest military aviation exhibitions.
The  and  were unveiled for the first time at the 6th and 7th editions of Aero India respectively.

GS Paper III– Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security

Aadhaar mandatory for availing subsidised food grains from PDS

What’s Happening-
After cooking gas LPG, the government made Aadhaar mandatory for availing subsidised food grains from the ration shops with a view to better target ₹1.4 lakh crore subsidy under the food security law.

Key Points discussed were:

  • The government has given time to those not having the biometric-based unique identification number to apply for Aadhaar by June 30.
  • Under the National Food Security Law (NFSA), which has been completely rolled out across the country in November last year, the government provides 5 kg of food grains per person every month at ₹1-3/kg to over 80 crore people.
  • “Beneficiaries under NFSA who do not possess the Aadhaar number or are not yet enrolled for Aadhaar, but are desirous of availing subsidies under NFSA are required to make application for Aadhaar enrolment by June 30, 2017 and may visit any Aadhaar enrolment centre to get enrolled for Aadhaar,”
  • The notification has been issued since subsidised food grains under PDS and cash transfer of food subsidy under NFSA involves recurring expenditure from the Consolidated Fund of India, it added.

Digitisation to curb corruption:

  • Digitisation is essential to curb leakages and corruption in PDS and better targeting of food subsidy.
  • Simplifies delivery process:
  • Use of Aadhaar as identity document for delivery of services or benefits or subsidies simplifies the delivery processes, brings in transparency and efficiency and enables beneficiaries to get their entitlements directly in a convenient and seamless manner.
  • Aadhaar obviates the need for producing multiple documents to prove one’s identity.

Background-
Aadhaar is a 12 digit unique-identity number issued to all Indian residents based on their  and demographic data.
The data is collected by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), a statutory authority established on 12 July 2016 by the Government of India, under the , under the provisions of the .
So far, 72% of ration cards have been seeded with Aadhaar Cards. There are 23 crore ration cards, of which about 16.62 crore have been linked, while there are 5.27 lakh ration shops across the country.
Government provides direct cash transfer of food subsidy to the beneficiaries in Chandigarh, Puducherry and Dadra & Nagar Haveli.