GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

90th Academy Awards (Oscars 2018).


  • The 90th Academy Awards ceremony skittered between the serious and the silly on 4th March, 2018 night.
  • Guillermo del Toro’s outcast parable, “The Shape of Water,” was honored as best picture, and Mr. del Toro won the best director Oscar.
  • Jordan Peele collected the best original screenplay award for “Get Out,” a movie centered on racism in the liberal white suburbs.
  • Frances McDormand won best actress for her portrayal of a mother seeking justice for her murdered daughter in “Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri”.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • Best supporting actor; Sam Rockwell, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri.
  • Best makeup and hair: Darkest Hour.
  • Best costume design: Phantom Thread.
  • Best documentary Icarus.
  • Best sound editing: Dunkirk.
  • Best sound mixing: Dunkirk.
  • Best production design: The Shape of Water.
  • Best foreign language film: A Fantastic Woman.
  • Best supporting actress: Allison Janney, I, Tonya.
  • Best animated short: Dear Basketball.
  • Best animated film: Coco.
  • Best visual effects: Blade Runner 2049.
  • Best editing: Dunkirk.
  • Best documentary short: Heaven Is a Traffic Jam on the 405.
  • Best live action short: The Silent Child.
  • Best adapted screenplay: Call Me by Your Name.
  • Best original screenplay: Get Out.
  • Best cinematography: Blade Runner 2049.
  • Best score: The Shape of Water.
  • Best song: Remember Me, Coco.
  • Best director: Guillermo del Toro, The Shape of Water.
  • Best actor: Gary Oldman, Darkest Hour.
  • Best actress: Frances McDormand, Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri.

Sources- The New York Times, The Guardian.

GS Paper II- International Relations.

Cabinet Approves Signing Of Migration And Mobility Partnership Agreement Between India And France.


  • The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France.
  • The Agreement is expected to be signed during the forthcoming State visit of the French President to India.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The Agreement represents a major milestone in enhancing people-to -people contacts, fostering mobility of students, academics, researchers and skilled professionals and strengthening cooperation on issues related to irregular migration and human trafficking between the two sides.
  • The Agreement is a testimony to India’s rapidly expanding multi-faceted relationship with France and symbolizes the increasing trust and confidence between the two sides.
  • The Agreement is initially valid for a period of seven years, incorporates provision for automatic renewal and a monitoring mechanism through a Joint Working Group.

Sources- Business-Standard.


GS Paper III- Security.

First Woman Inducted As Combat Officer In ITBP.


  • In another first for women, 25-year-old Prakriti has been inducted as the first direct-entry combat officer in the border guarding force, ITBP.
  • The Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) force is the last of the CAPFs to induct women officers in combat roles after the government first allowed it to enroll them in 2016.
  • Prakriti, who goes by a single name, had cleared the UPSC exam for officers’ recruitment in CAPFs in the same year and in her first attempt.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • She has a bachelors degree in electrical engineering and is now based in an ITBP unit in Uttarakhand’s Pithoragarh. She will soon join the Officers’ Training Academy of the force in Dehradun.
  • She is expected to be commissioned as an Assistant Commandant (AC) next year in the force after she completes her training at Dehradun. She will be posted at a border post.
  • The force already has women in combat roles but only in the constable ranks.
  • Prakriti, who says her parents gave her a surname-less identity in a caste-ridden society, said she never faced discrimination at home.
  • My parents supported me thoroughly. I wish and urge other parents that when their children make career choices they should not think that it is their son or daughter making a choice but that it is a child who is taking up a challenge, she said.
  • Of the five Central Armed Police Forces, the Central Reserve Police Force and the Central Industrial Security Force had allowed women to apply as direct-entry officers through the UPSC for a long time.
  • Two other forces — the Border Security Force and the Sashastra Seema Bal — were allowed to directly induct women officers in 2013 and 2014 respectively.
  • The ITBP was the only paramilitary that had not allowed women to join in supervisory combat roles owing to its primary task of guarding the difficult Sino-India border.
  • The force, that guards the 3,488 km-long Line of Actual Control (LAC) between India and China, was raised in 1962 in the aftermath of the Chinese aggression.
  • The over 83,000 personnel-strong ITBP at present has about 1,500 women (nearly 1.75 per cent) with the majority being in the rank of constables. There are senior women officers in the force but they are in other service streams like veterinary doctors but not in a combat role.

Sources- NDTV.