GS Paper I- Indian Heritage and Culture.

Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, And UP Sign MoU To Boost Culture And Tourism.


  • In an attempt to boost cultural ties, a memorandum of understanding (MoU) was signed by Uttar Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya under the ‘Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat’ programme on 5th October, 2017.
  • An official statement issued by the Uttar Pradesh government said Additional Chief Secretary, Secondary and Higher Education, Sanjay Agarwal signed the MoU on behalf of the state government.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • Arunachal Pradesh was represented by Tourism Secretary Joram Beda, while Education Secretary W R Lyngdoh signed the MoU on behalf of the Meghalaya government.
  • UP Deputy Chief Minister Dinesh Sharma said that under the ‘Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat’ programme, efforts are being made to boost cultural relationship between different states of the country. Under this, the states will connect with each other to know more about the culture, heritage and traditions of each other.
  • He also said that India is full of diversities. Despite diverse languages, dialects, costumes and culture, a single thread binds us together.
  • The programme aims at actively enhancing interaction between people of diverse cultures living in different states and union territories, with the objective of promoting greater mutual understanding among them, the statement stated.
  • Under the programme, each year a state and a union territory would be paired with another for interaction between their people.
  • This exchange aims at promoting enhanced understanding and bonding between people.

Sources- Business-Standard.


GS Paper II- International Relations.

India And European Union 14th Summit, Three Key Pacts Inked; Both Sides Agree To Strengthen Trade And Security Ties.



  • India and the European Union on 6th October, 2017 agreed to strengthen ties in key areas of trade and security after their 14th summit, during which Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the top EU leadership deliberated extensively on bilateral, regional and international issues.
  • After the summit, European Council president Donald Franciszek Tusk and European Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker talked about the much-delayed trade pact between the two sides at a joint press event with Modi.
  • The two sides also inked three pacts, including one on an international solar alliance, after the summit.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The 28-nation bloc is India’s largest regional trading partner with bilateral trade in goods at $88 billion in 2016.
  • It is also the largest destination for Indian exports and a key source of investment and technologies.
  • India received around $83 billion of foreign direct investment from Europe between 2000 and 2017, constituting approximately 24 percent of total FDI inflows into the country during the period, said Ministry of External Affairs spokesperson Raveesh Kumar.
  • Despite the gaps in mutual expectation, the two sides appeared hopeful of ironing out their differences. Tusk, quoting Bengali poet and Nobel Laureate Rabindra Nath Tagore, said that it’s important for the two sides to swim in the same direction, despite their differences.
  • Launched in June 2007, negotiations for the proposed EU-India Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA) have witnessed many hurdles with major differences on crucial issues like intellectual property rights, duty cut in automobile and spirits.
  • India and the European Union also agreed to cooperate in the fight against terrorism.
  • Both India and the EU also expressed deep concern at the recent spate of violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine state that has triggered the outflow of hundreds of thousands of Rohingya people into neighbouring Bangladesh.

Sources- Firstpost.


GS Paper III- Security.

Country’s First Marine Police Training Institute To Be Set Up At Dwarka: PM Modi.


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 7th October, 2017 announced the setting up of the country’s first “Marine Police Training Institute” at the newly created Dev Bhoomi Dwarka district of Gujarat.
  • Modi who arrived on a two-day tour of Gujarat, visited Dwarkadish temple at Dwarka and offered prayers. Later addressing a large gathering at a cricket ground in the temple town, Modi said that the country’s first and biggest institute that will be train marine police from across the country will be set up at Dev Bhoomi Dwarka. It will be set up near Modak.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The PM added that for the security of Indi’s coasts they are working to modernise our marine police force. The training will be different compared to the training to the police force, because they will be connected to providing security within 5 kilometers boundary along the coastline.
  • The PM said that the institute will train marine police force the way IAF (Indian Air Force) trains its pilots at Jamnagar. Earlier PM Modi pressed a remote and laid the foundation stones of four National Highway project costing Rs 5825 crore.
  • He also laid the foundation stone of the Rs 962 crore cable-stayed bridge connecting Okha and Beyt Dwarka, which was termed as a link between old and new Dwarka by the PM.
  • The 4.56km-long bridge includes 900m central double span cable-stayed portion, and is expected to be completed in 30 months time. The four-lane 27.20 metre wide bridge will have 2.50 metre wide footpaths on each side. Solar panels installed on the roof of footpath will produce 1 MW power for streetlights on the bridge.
  • He also announced Rs 370 crore road widening project on the Gadu-Porbandar section (93.56km).

Sources- The Indian Express.