GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Pakistan Rated Among Most Dangerous Countries For Journalists.

Background-

  • An international index for press freedom places Pakistan among the most dangerous countries for journalists – along with the Philippines and Bangladesh – as the world observed on 2nd November, 2017 the “Day to End Impunity for Crimes Against Journalists”.
  • The 2017 World Press Freedom Index, prepared by an international media advocacy group – Reporters Without Borders – ranked Pakistan 139th out of 180 countries survey for the report. In 2016, Pakistan was 146th.
  • India is 136th in the 2017 report.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Although the two South Asian countries have more press freedom than many other nations, targeted killing by terrorists, religious gangs and mafia make them dangerous for journalists.
  • The New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists has listed 60 journalists who have been killed in Pakistan since 1994, although it did not place Pakistan among the most dangerous countries this year.
  • Iraq tops this 9-member list, followed by Syria and Mexico. Afghanistan is number 7.
  • Reporters Without Borders, which is better known by its French acronym RSF, cites the Asia-Pacific region as the third worst violator overall.
  • Two of its countries, China (176th) and Vietnam (175th), are the world’s biggest prisons for journalists and bloggers. It has some of the most dangerous countries for journalists: Pakistan (139th), Philippines (127th) and Bangladesh (146th), says the report.
  • Asia-Pacific region also has the biggest number of “press freedom predators” at the head of the world’s worst dictatorships, including China, North Korea (180th), and Laos (170th), which are news and information black holes,” RSF adds.

Sources- DAWN.

 

GS Paper II- Governance.

Goa Safest, Bihar And Uttar Pradesh Most Unsafe States For Women: GVI.

Background

  • Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are at the bottom of a new Gender Vulnerability Index (GVI) prepared by Plan India, while Goa, Kerala and Mizoram occupy the top three positions.
  • Delhi was placed 24th in the survey by the independent child development organisation.
  • According to the index — prepared on the basis of four important dimensions — Health, Education, Protection and Poverty — Bihar is the worst in terms of health for women while the top three places were occupied by Kerala, followed by Tamil Nadu and Sikkim.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • In education dimension, the national capital is the worst performing state in terms of education for women while the top three positions were occupied by Himachal Pradesh, followed by Sikkim and Punjab.
  • The GVI has analysed the situation of girls and women in the country on the four dimensions and developed a multidimensional composite index with over 170 indicators.
  • This index will be useful in understanding the situation in states, as it ranks each state in every dimension of gender vulnerability.
  • As far as the poverty dimension for females is concerned, Manipur and Mizoram were placed in the top two positions, followed by Tamil Nadu while Bihar again was placed at the last spot.
  • In terms of protection, Goa was the best state followed by Himachal Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir. Uttar Pradesh was positioned last in terms of women safety.
  • Many government officials, including Aastha Saxena Khatwani, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Women and Child Development and Anna Roy, Advisor, NITI Aayog, were present on the occasion.

Sources- MIRROR NOW.

 

GS Paper III- Security.

Indo-Kazakhstan Joint Exercise ‘Prabal Dostyk 2017’ Begins.

Background

  • A 14 days joint training exercise ‘PRABAL DOSTYK 2017’ between the Indian Army and the Kazakhstan Army commenced on 2nd November, 2017 with the Opening Ceremony at Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh.
  • The joint exercise is aimed at enhancing the military ties between the two countries as also at achieving interoperability between the two armies.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The training contingents comprise of a platoon strength from 3rd Battalion of the 11thGorkha Rifles of the Indian Army and a similar strength of the Kazakhstan Army.
  • Senior military observers of both the countries will also witness the validation phase of the joint exercise.
  • The aim of the joint exercise is also to acquaint both forces with each other’s operating procedures in the backdrop of counter insurgency and counter terrorism operations under UN mandate.
  • The overall aim is to enhance the existing military relationship between the Indian Army and the Kazakhstan Army and achieve synergy for joint conduct of operation as and when the requirement arises.
  • Personnel of both contingents were hopeful of a fruitful learning experience and were sanguine that the two weeks of training would go a long way in enhancing ties not only between the two armies but also between the people of the two great nations.

Sources- DD News.