GS Paper I- Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and society.

7 Amarnath Yatra Pilgrims Killed In Terror Attack In Jammu And Kashmir’s Anantnag.


  • Seven pilgrims on the Amarnath Yaled on Monday, 10th July, tra – six of them women – were kil2017 in a terror attack in Anantnag at about 8:30 pm. At least 19 people were injured in one the worst terror strikes in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Terrorists opened fire on a bus with the pilgrims who were returning after visiting the holy shrine that is located in a narrow gorge at the end of a valley nearly 50 km from Pahalgam.


Key Points Of The Development-

  • Centre has sent two ministers Hansraj Gangaram Ahir and Dr Jitendra Singh to Kashmir to assess the situation.
  • Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti said in a statement that this is an assault on our values and traditions which we hold dear.  She visited the injured at a hospital in Anantnag.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted, “Pained beyond words on the dastardly attack on peaceful Amarnath Yatris in J&K. The attack deserves strongest condemnation from everyone… India will never get bogged down by such cowardly attacks and the evil designs of hate.”
  • Centre has announced Rs 7 lakh compensation to next of kin of those killed in Amarnath attack, Rs 1 lakh each for those injured.
  • The bus that was fired on was registered in Gujarat. Police sources said that it had violated the rules of the pilgrimage which bans buses from travelling on a highway after 7 pm for security reasons. Ms Mufti said the bus had apparently broken down, delaying their return.
  • The bus was also reportedly not part of the official tour for the Yatra which means that it was not given the customary police protection.
  • The Press Trust of India said the terrorists – it is not clear how many there were – first opened fire an armoured police car whose occupants fired back. The pilgrims were then hit as the terrorists fired indiscriminately.
  • We were sleeping when the firing started from both the sides. We don’t know how many people were there, said a passenger.
  • Before that, the same terrorists had reportedly opened fire on a security checkpost just 600 metres from where the bus was attacked.
  • The journey begins usually from Jammu, which is 200 km from the shrine.
  • The 40-day-long Yatra to the cave of Amarnath high in the mountains of South Kashmir commenced on June 28, 2017.
  • With unprecedented security including a satellite tracking system and about 40,000 troops assigned to guard the pilgrims and their route.

Sources- NDTV, Hindustantimes.


GS Paper II-Social Justice.

Bengaluru To Host international Meet On Social Justice.


  • A three-day Babasaheb B.R. Ambedkar international conference on social justice will be held in Bengaluru from July 21 to 23, 2017.
  • According to an official statement, the conference will unveil the ‘Bengaluru Declaration’ outlining specific constitutional, institutional and policy responses to concerns of equity, human rights, freedom and democracy.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Organised by the Karnataka government, Congress Vice President Rahul Gandhi, human rights advocate and activist Martin Luther King III, and 83 international, 149 national and 80 state-level speakers including academics, activists and policy-makers will address about 2,000 participants at the conference.
  • The official statement noted that the conference on ‘Reclaiming Social Justice, Revisiting Ambedkar’ is a coming together of progressive forces committed to safeguarding the constitutional idea of India.
  • Although India has grown by leaps over the last 70 years, a lot more needs to be done, it said, adding that the conference will address the needs and aspirations of all Indians.
  • State Chief Minister Siddaramaiah said that the conference is being held when regressive forces have been attacking the idea of India by dismantling institutions and destroying the pluralistic fabric of the nation.
  • Noting that the federal state was compromising the well-being of certain sections of society and promoting selective development, the Chief Minister said the political dispensation was being misused to further its ideological agenda, chipping away the edifice of equity, liberty, equality and fraternity.
  • Calling for a re-think on the social, political and economic paradigms to transform the spirit of politics, the Chief Minister said the stakehlolders should study why and how marginalised groups were being discriminated against or excluded.
  • The conference will strive to resolve all these concerns. We will form an ‘alliance of equity’ to lay the foundation of a new India for a new time, added Siddaramaiah.
  • As the conference also commemorates the 126th birth anniversary of the architect of the Indian Constitution, life and works of Ambedkar will be deliberated upon as they are still relevant to the social, political and economic justice across the country and the world over, said the statement.
  • Among the 80 overseas speakers will be Cornel West, Lord Bhikhu Parekh, James Manor, Thomas Weisskopf, Upendra Baxi, Laurence Simon, Samuel Myers and Ashutosh Varshney.
  • About 140 speakers from across the country include Sukhadeo Thorat, Aruna Roy, Nikhil Dey, Shiv Vishvanathan, Shashi Tharoor, K. Raju, Salman Khurshid, Prakash Ambedkar, Rajeev Gowda, Anand Teltumbde, Wilson Bezwada, Aakash Rathore, Valerian Rodrigues, Sudhir Krishnaswamy, Neera Chandoke, Satish Deshpande and Prabhat Patnaik will address the gathering.
  • About 80 speakers from Karnataka including the chief minister will also address the participants.

Sources- Business-Standard.


GS Paper III- Bio-Diversity, Environment, Economic Development.

Chhattisgarh Govt Sets A Target Of Planting 8 Crore Saplings This Year, Takes Many Farmer Friendly Measures.


  • Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh, Raman Singh urged people on Sunday, 9th July, 2017 to participate in large numbers in the plantation programmes to be organised under Hariyar Chhattisgarh campaign on July 20, 2017 across the State.
  • Singh made the announcement while addressing people through monthly radio programme ‘Raman Ke Goth’ from Raipur centre of Akashwani.
  • This year, Chhattisgarh Government has set the target of planting eight crore saplings in the State for which a special campaign will be launched from July 20, 2017. Singh said in his monthly radio talk that they will pledge to meet the target.
  • He added that on July 20, 2017, plantation programmes will be organised in all the districts, tehsils, blocks and panchayats of Chhattisgarh. District Collectors and Forest Department Officials have issued instructions for preparations of this programme.     

Highlights Of The Development-

  • People will be provided with saplings for plantation on their own land or farm also. Saplings for fruit bearing trees are also available. Keeping in view the ongoing rainy season, Chief Minister’s July 9, 2017 radio programme was based on agricultural schemes.
  • He said that this year, State Government has set the target of sowing in 48 lakh hectare area of State in kharif season. This includes, sowing of paddy in 36 lakh 50 thousand hectare, lentils in four lakh hectares, oilseeds in three lakh hectare and vegetables-sugarcane etc in nearly 1.5 lakh hectares.
  • Chief Minister informed the listeners that this year (2017) production of nearly 91 lakh 76 thousand metric tonnes of food grains, lentils and vegetables etc is expected.
  • Singh said that for convenience of farmers, they have formulated suitable schemes to ensure timely availability of all they require for farming. This year, seven lakh 45 thousand quintals of seeds and 10 lakh 65 thousand metric tons of fertilizers have been made available for kharif season to Chhattisgarh farmers.

Interest-free loan facility to 11 lakh farmers

Chief Minister said in his radio talk that earlier farmers had to take agriculture loans at interest rate of 14 per cent. The high interest rate used to make it difficult for the farmers to repay the loan and becoming defaulter thereby used to hinder their progress. Now, they are providing interest-free short term agriculture loans to small farmers.

6.22 cr metric tons of paddy procured from farmers in 13 yrs

Chief Minister said— 1,989  centres are there in Chhattisgarh, wherein 6 crore 22 lakh metric tons of paddy have been procured in last 13 years and nearly Rs 64 thousand 730 crores have been paid to farmers against the procurement.

First Kisaan Bazaar started in Dhamtari

First ever ‘Kisaan Bazaar’ of the State has been established in Dhamtari, on initiative of district administration, wherein producer and customer will come together without any interference of middlemen.