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GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

IEA Says India Will Achieve ‘Electricity For All’ By Early 2020s.

Background-

  • In a positive development that has confirmed India’s march towards energy security driven by three big factors—solar energy, wind energy and electric cars—the International Energy Agency (IEA), in its latest report, has said that not only will India achieve “electricity of all” by the early 2020s, but will also be a major driving force in global energy trends.
  • The IEA’s World Energy Outlook Report 2017, re-launched in association with The Energy & Resources Institute (TERI) in New Delhi, on 6th December, 2017, pointed out that India has been gaining a prominent position in global energy trends through its targeted efforts and will lead global energy demand growth by 2040.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Tim Gould, Head of Division, World Energy Outlook, IEA, told that in the increase in the global energy demand between now and 2040, India is the single biggest component of that growth. As much as 30% of overall growth will be driven by India alone and that means India will have significant impact on global energy trends across a vast variety of fuels and technologies.
  • The report noted that India’s continued emphasis on electrifying households will help the country reach “universal electricity access” in the early 2020s, with renewables accounting for about 60% of those who gain access. Gould attributed these findings to positive indications emerging from India’s recent policy developments towards managing energy efficiency and pushing the expansion of renewable energy.
  • Talking about the role of policies laying the ground for India to exploit its potential in terms of renewable energy and generation of clean energy, Dr Ashvini Kumar, Director, TERI told that the world can learn from India, particularly in the policy aspect.
  • Kumar said that earlier, the competitive auction was missing globally, including in India. But India became wiser and facilitated a fair competitive auction. Also, the move to waive Central Transmission Utility charges on both solar and wind energy will keep the tariff in check. All these are positive developments and we can hope to exploit our full potential in the field of renewable energy.
  • Meanwhile, a recent study by Washington DC-based World Resources Institute has noted that India’s target of adding 160 gigawatt of solar and wind energy capacity by 2022 is likely to generate over 330,000 new jobs over the next five years.

Sources- Sunday Guardian Live.

 

GS Paper III- Environment.

Kacheguda Becomes India’s First Energy-Efficient Railway Station.

Background

  • Kacheguda Railway Station under the South Central Railway (SCR) has earned the unique distinction of being the first Energy Efficient ‘A1 Category’ Railway Station on Indian Railways.
  • Kacheguda Railway station is a historic building and had completed 100 years.
  • Situated in the heart of Hyderabad, it was built in 1916 by the Nizam’s Guaranteed State Railway during the reign of Mir Osman Ali Khan, the seventh Nizam.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The station has achieved 100% energy efficiency by replacing 1,312 conventional lights with light-emitting diode (LED) lighting, among other steps.
  • About 370 ceiling fans, too, were replaced with energy efficient Brushless DC Electrical (BLDC) motors fans, and 12 air conditioners with energy efficient inverter-type air conditioners.
  • All these measures would save about 1.76 lakh units and ₹14.08 lakh per annum with reduction of the connected load by 46.18 kW for Railways, said General Manager Vinod Kumar Yadav.
  • Complimenting Divisional Railway Manager Arun Kumar Jain and his colleagues V. Venkata Ramana and P. Prem Kumar for the feat, Mr. Yadav said they had put in extensive efforts to achieve this distinction.

Sources- The Hindu.

 

GS Paper II- International Relations.

India, Israel Open Centre For Floriculture In Tamil Nadu.

Background

  • India and Israel are coming together to set up a centre for excellence in floriculture at Thally in Krishnagiri district of Tamil Nadu.
  • The centre, the first agro-technology development centre to be set up with Israel’s assistance in the State, was officially inaugurated on 7th December, 2017.
  • Gil Haskel, head of Israel’s agency for international development cooperation Mashav; Union Minister of State Gajendra Singh Shekhawat and Tamil Nadu Agriculture Minister R Doraikannu attended the function.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The centre at Thally and a similar centre planned for vegetables to be established in Dindigul form the part of a three-year Indo-Israel agricultural partnership signed between Mashav and mission for integrated development of horticulture of the Agriculture Ministry.
  • The Dindigul centre, specialising in vegetables such as capsicum, cucumber and tomatoes, is expected to be launched in January next year (2018).
  • These centres would not only develop agricultural practices suitable for selected geographical regions, but would also transfer the best practices to farmers in and around.
  • Haskel said that by the end of the project, they plan to have 30 such Indo-Israel centres of excellence in agriculture in India. Currently, there are 20 such centres in nine States.
  • More such centres of excellence are planned in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh in near future, said Dan Alluf, an Israeli Embassy official. Centres in Karnataka would come up in Dharwar, Kolar and Bagalkot and would focus on vegetables, mangoes and pomegranate, respectively. The centre in Andhra Pradesh would come up in Kuppam and would work on both floriculture and vegetable research.

Sources- The Hindu Business Line.