GS Paper I- History and Geography of the world and Society.

French Honour To Be Conferred On Actor Soumitra Chattopadhyay.


  • France will confer its highest order of merit, the ‘Legion of Honour’, on legendary film and theatre actor Soumitra Chattopadhyay at the 42nd International Kolkata Book Fair.
  • The honour will be bestowed on the actor — who starred in many of Satyajit Ray’s iconic films — by French culture and communication minister Francoise Nyssen in Kolkata.
  • Chattopadhyay, 82, acted in several of Ray’s films, including Apur Sansar, Abhijan, Charulata, Aranyer Din Ratri and Sonar Kella.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The Dadasaheb Phalke Award winner, who has also starred in many recent Bengali films such as Bela Seshe and Posto, is a noted theatre actor, too.
  • A French delegation consisting of well known authors and poets led by Nyssen will attend the Kolkata book fair, where France is the theme country.
  • The largest attended book fair in the world, the Kolkata gala will open on January 30 and conclude on February 11, 2018.
  • It will host publishers from across the the world, including the UK, USA, Russia, Japan, China, Colombia, Peru, Portugal, Vietnam and Spain.
  • France, the country of literature and culture, is the focal theme country of the international Kolkata Book fair 2018.

Sources- Business-Standard.

GS Paper II- Polity.

Indu Malhotra: First Woman Lawyer To Be Directly Promoted As SC Judge.


  • In a first of its kind incident in the history of Indian judiciary, the Supreme Court collegium on 11th January, 2018 recommended senior advocate Indu Malhotra as the first woman lawyer to be directly appointed as a judge of the apex court.
  • She will be one of only seven women judges that the top court has had so far since independence. At present, Justice R Banumathi is the lone woman judge in the apex court.
  • In 1989, Justice M Fathima Beevi became the first woman to be appointed as a judge of the apex court. Thereafter, Justice Sujata V Manohar, Justice Ruma Pal, Justice Gyan Sudha Misra and Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai made it to the top court as judges.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • Indu is a senior counsel practising in the Supreme Court for the past 30 years. She was the second woman to be designated senior advocate by the apex court in 2007.
  • Born in 1956 in Bengaluru (then Bangalore), Indu joined the legal profession in 1983 and was enrolled with the Bar Council of Delhi. In 1988, she qualified as an Advocate-on-Record in the Supreme Court, and secured the first position in the examination, for which she was awarded the Mukesh Goswami Memorial Prize on Law Day.
  • She has also served as a member of the Centre-appointed High Level Committee (HLC) in the Ministry of Law and Justice to review ‘Institutionalization of Arbitration Mechanism in India’.
  • She has authored the third edition of a commentary ‘The Law and Practice of Arbitration and Conciliation, 2014’ which was recently released in April 2014.
  • Along with Indu, the collegium has also recommended Uttarakhand High Court Chief Justice K M Joseph’s name to be elevated as the apex court judge. Joseph was part of the bench which in 2016 had quashed the imposition of President’s Rule in the state.

Sources- The Indian Express.


GS Paper III- Security.

Indian Navy Signs MoU With Cochin Port Trust.


  • In a major step towards increasing the berthing capacity of naval ships in Kochi, the Navy has inked a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Cochin Port Trust (CPT) towards leasing of 228 metres of berths, Q2 and Q3 at Mattancherry Wharf for a period of five years.
  • The MoU was signed between the Chief Staff Officer (Operations) of Southern Naval Command Commodore Deepak Kumar and Gautam Gupta, Traffic manager of the Port Trust, at the Naval Base on 5th January, 2018.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The lease, at an approximate cost of ₹10 crore a year, would not only enhance the growing partnership between the Navy and CPT, but will also provide the Navy with larger berthing space, thereby enabling the presence of naval ships in Kochi, both at naval as well as commercial jetties.
  • The expanded berthing space would also provide the much needed operational flexibility to naval ships based in Kochi.
  • The MoU has been concluded to cater for the futuristic requirements of the Navy with sizeable increase in its fleet scheduled in the near future.
  • This is the first time such an agreement has been signed between the Navy and CPT.

Sources- The Hindu.