Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Government policies and interventions for development

HIV law passed,guaranteeing no discrimination in treatment, jobs

Law to ensure equality:

  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes.
  • With Parliament passing the HIV and AIDS (Prevention and Control) Bill, 2017, people living with HIV and AIDS are guaranteed equal rights in medical treatment, admission to educational institutions and jobs.
  • This bill strengthened the rights of people infected with HIV.It is not the case that before the coming of this Bill, those infected with HIV were not empowered. But with the passage of this Bill, they will get more powers.

In case law is not obeyed:

  • Asserting that there will be no discrimination against persons infected with HIV.
  • Whosoever does not adhere to the provisions of the Bill will be penalised.
  • There would also be civil and criminal proceedings against them.
  • Action would be also taken against those who come between the implementation of the provisions of the proposed Bill.

Salient features of bill:

  • The law provides a broad legislative framework for the response to HIV in India and is the first national HIV law in South Asia.
  • It bans unfair treatment with people affected by HIV with regard to accessing public facilities, such as shops, restaurants, hotels, public entertainment venues, public facilities and burial grounds.
  • The Bill prohibits any individual from publishing information or advocating feelings of hatred against HIV positive persons and those living with them.
  • India runs the second largest Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) programme in the world.
  • Outcome of ART is, the rate of new HIV infections had dropped by 67% from 2.5 lakh to 85,000 and AIDS related deaths have declined to 54%, which is more than the global average.
  • About ART:
  • The government had spent Rs. 2,000 crore on ART alone and this was a 100% Centrally sponsored scheme as the government is committed to (treating every patient) and no one will be left out.

Source: The Hindu

Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations. Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

The constitution amendment bill, Nepal

Important Details:

  • The Nepal government on Tuesday tabled a new Constitution amendment bill in Parliament to address the demands of the agitating Madhesi parties.
  • The bill was presented amid much drama and chaos as opposition was against this bill.
  • The opposition parties had agreed to resume the House briefly to allow the government to table bills related to elections.
  • Since the bill was registered in Parliament on November 29, the main opposition parties have been calling it anti- national and obstructing the House.
  • According to the new bill, the government may form a federal commission to recommend it on the issues relating to the number of provinces and their boundaries.
  • The new bill aims at addressing some of the key demands raised by United Democratic Madhesi Front (UDMF).

Demands of UDMF:

  • The Madhesi parties have been demanding more representation in all state mechanism.
  • Madhesis, mostly of Indian-origin, launched a prolonged agitation between September 2015 and February last year against the implementation of the new Constitution.
  • The bill is one step forward to address the demands of Madhesi parties, who have been calling for changes in constitutional provisions like citizenship, language, making constitution more inclusive and provincial demarcation.

Words by Supreme court:

  • Nepal’s Supreme Court last week issued an order that constitution amendment process was the prerogative of Parliament and any changes in the constitution through the parliamentary process was valid.
  • But the government is struggling to secure required two-third majority to approve the bill, as ruling Nepali Congress and CPN(Maoist Center) and Madhes-based parties clearly do not have the required numbers.

Source: Hindustan Times

Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson arrives in Moscow

Points to note:

  • U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson is in Moscow to meet Russian Secretary Sergey Lavrov and other leaders.
  • The U.S on Tuesday clubbed Russia along with Iran and North Korea, naming them as countries opposed to Washington’s global interests.
  • The U.S reiterated that Russia was in cahoots with the Bashar al-Assad regime in Syria that is accused of carrying out a chemical weapons attack on rebels last week.
  • U.S is hoping to reach an agreement with Russia in national interest.
  • The White House released a four-page report that details the assessment of the U.S. intelligence community that Russians were helping the Assad regime cover up the chemical weapons attack.
  • But there was no consensus among the intelligence agencies that Moscow had prior knowledge of the attack.

U.S’s statement:

  • The U.S. would be “open to strategic cooperation with Russia” if it can achieve the shared goal of defeating the Islamic State.
  • The Secretary of State had asked the Russians to choose between the U.S. and its allies, and the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria.
  • For the first time in 6 years of civil war, American military operations targeted the regime supported by Russia in missile strikes last week.

Failing promises:

  • President Donald Trump had promised during the election — to seek partnership with Russia in the fight against Islamist terrorism. As it was difficult to achieve administration sCurrent Affairs, 14th April 2017ang a different tune and stated:
  • U.S want to relieve the suffering of the Syrian people. Russia can be a part of that future and play an important role.
  • Or Russia can maintain its alliance with this group, which U.S believe is not going to serve Russia’s interests longer term.
  • U.S also mentioned, by ruling out military intervention, Mr. Obama had tied the hands of the negotiators.
  • But Russians doesn’t seem interested, Russia had a different view of Obama administration.
  • “Normal” is to treat your partners with respect, not to try to impose some of your ideas on others without taking into account their own views and their concerns, always to try to listen and to hear, and hopefully not to rely on a superiority complex, which was obviously the case with the Obama administration.

Source: Indian Express