GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Royal Opera House At Mumbai Gets UNESCO Heritage Award.


  • Almost a year after it reopened, Charni Road’s Royal Opera House has been awarded the UNESCO Asia-Pacific Award for Cultural Heritage Conservation.
  • The building was closed to the public in 1993, and sat crumbling for years, before a restoration project was undertaken eight years ago to replicate the heritage structure.
  • It was originally inaugurated by Britain’s King George V in 1911 and completed in 1916.



Highlights Of The Development–

  • Honorary director of the heritage site, Ashish Doshi, said they had taken up a challenge when they decided to restore the place, but pictures taken by an Australian journalist in 1914 helped them replicate the structure in toto.
  • Doshi said that the award will help them strengthen the vision they have for Mumbai and achieve their goals faster. They want to make the Royal Opera House the city’s cultural hub.
  • While restoring the building, architect Abha Narain Lambah ensured that while history was being revived, she also had to provide facilities such as modern acoustics, sound, lighting and air conditioning to visitors.
  • Lambah said the award is a testament of the faith that the Maharaja of Gondal, who owns the building, had in the restoration process.
  • Lambah said in a city like Mumbai, there are many heritage sites, but not enough government funding to conserve them. The owners of this place didn’t want to compromise on quality and maintain the cultural heritage as well. The award is a validation of their faith.
  • Maharani Kumud Kumari of Gondal thanked Lambah’s team and said it was their efforts that yielded results.
  • The Royal Family of Gondal has always been a great patron of art, culture and education. We are extremely pleased with the outcome and are equally ecstatic that UNESCO has recognised the effort, she said.

Sources- Hindustantimes.


GS Paper II- Governance.

Kerala Road Accident Victims To Get Free Aid For 1st 48 Hr.


  • The Kerala government has decided to formulate a trauma-care scheme in the State wherein all emergency care and treatment will be provided to accident victims free-of-cost for the first 48 hours once the person has been admitted to a hospital.
  • The government will pay for the emergency care expenses incurred by a hospital for an accident victim for the first 48 hours, which would be recouped from insurance companies later.
  • No money should be collected from the accident victim or his/her relatives for the emergency care provided to the victim for the first 48 hours. The details and operational part of the scheme will be revealed after Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan holds discussions with insurance companies.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • At a high-level meeting convened by the Chief Minister on 2nd November, 2017, it was decided to arrange trauma care facilities in all government medical college hospitals, district hospitals, taluk hospitals, and major private sector hospitals.
  • Emergency care should not be denied to accident victims by any hospital and treatment should not be restricted only to those with the capacity to pay for treatment, Mr. Vijayan said.
  • If the accident victim is being taken care of in a private hospital, the cost of immediate emergency care will be met by the government from the Road Safety Fund.
  • Special ambulance facility will be arranged to evacuate accident victims from the accident site without delay and provide him emergency care at the nearest hospital. Ambulances will have advanced life-support care facilities. The service will be managed and coordinated through a centralised call centre facility.
  • The government intends to launch the trauma care project by utilising the Road Safety Fund, the Corporate Social Responsibility Fund of the Kerala State Transport Project and the government’s budgetary allocation.

Sources- The Hindu.


GS Paper III- Security.

Army Launched Independent & Fully Integrated Joint Training Node In Shillong.


  • Aiming to host foreign armies in joint exercises, the Indian Army today launched an independent and fully-integrated Joint Training Node (JTN) at Umroi cantonment in Shilong.
  • The JTN is the first of its kind in eastern command and is different from other joint training centres in Belgaum.
  • The concept was envisaged keeping in mind the conducive weather terrain offering optimal training environment, and has been developed at par with training centres of leading armies of the world.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • Army spokesperson Sunit Newton said the JTN is ready to host the Bangladesh Army, and exercises with Myanmar and Chinese armies are planned for next year.
  • The Army has chosen the Umroi cantonment for the JTN keeping mind its proximity to Guwahati and the Shillong airports, the statement said.
  • The node was completed in “record one-year time” to host ‘Exercise Milap’, a multi-nation joint training exercise with the Bangladesh Army by the Red Horn Division, under the aegis of the Gajraj Corps, Newton said.
  • The JTN will pave away for projecting the states of Meghalaya and Assam on the world map of foreign armies, he added.

Sources- Business-Standard.