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GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Global Hunger Index 2017: India Ranks 100 Among 119 Developing Countries, Lagging Behind Countries Such As North Korea And Iraq.

Background-

  • India has a “serious” hunger problem and ranks 100 among 119 developing countries, lagging behind countries such as North Korea and Iraq, said the global hunger index report released by Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) on 12th October, 2017.
  • With a global hunger index (GHI) score of 31.4, India is at the high end of the “serious” category, the report said, adding that given that three quarters of South Asia’s population reside in India, the situation in that country strongly influences South Asia’s regional score.

 

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • India’s poor performance brings to the fore the disturbing reality of the country’s stubbornly high proportions of malnourished children—more than one-fifth of Indian children under five weigh too little for their height and over a third are too short for their age, IFPRI said in a statement.
  • Data from the report showed that India’s rank (100) was lower than all its neighbours—Nepal (72), Myanmar (77), Bangladesh (88), Sri Lanka (84) and China (29)—except Pakistan (106). Even North Korea (93) and Iraq (78) fared better in hunger parameters and GHI rankings, the report.
  • The report further said that India’s poor score is one of the main factors pushing South Asia to the category of the worst performing region on the GHI scale this year (2017).
  • While countries like Chile, Cuba and Turkey have a GHI score of less than 5 and ranked the best among developing nations, nations like Chad and Central African Republic fare the worst with a score of 43.5 and 50.9, respectively.
  • The GHI score is a multidimensional index composed of four indicators—proportion of undernourished in the population, prevalence of child mortality, child stunting, and child wasting. On the severity scale, a GHI score of less than 10 means “low” prevalence of hunger while a score of more than 50 implies an “extremely alarming” situation.
  • Since 2000, global GHI scores have declined by 27%, yet one in nine people still go hungry around the world, the report said.
  • On India, the report said that the country’s top 1% own more than 50% of its wealth, India is the world’s second largest food producer, yet it is also home to the second highest population of under-nourished in the world.
  • According to the GHI report, more than a fifth (21%) of children in India suffer from wasting (low weight for height)—up from 20% in 2005-2006.
  • By contrast, the report said, India considerably improved its child stunting rate, down 29% since 2000, but even that progress leaves India with a relatively high stunting rate of 38.4%.

Sources- Livemint.

 

GS Paper II- Governance.

Projects Worth Rs 700 Crore Sanctioned For Namami Gange Programme By NMCG.

Background

  • The National Mission for Clean Ganga has approved eight projects worth over Rs 700 crore in the northern belt of the country to take forward the ambitious Namami Gange programme.
  • Out of the eight projects, four of them relate to sewage management in three Ganga basin states.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has approved a project for pollution abatement of river Ganga at Bally in West Bengal at an estimated cost of Rs 200.07 crore. This includes construction of a 40 million litres daily (MLD) STP under hybrid annuity-based PPP model among other works.
  • Similarly, construction of a 65 MLD-capacity STP under hybrid annuity model has been approved for Bihars Bhagalpur at an estimated project cost of Rs 268.49 crore.
  • In Uttar Pradesh, sewage treatment-related works worth Rs 213.62 crore have been approved. The works to be carried out include construction of two STPs (28 MLD + 5 MLD) in Farrukabad and one 2 MLD-capacity STP at Bargadiya drain in Fatehpur, it said.
  • Pollution abatement works for river Ganga like interception, diversion and treatment of sewage at Bithoor in the northern state have also been approved at an estimated cost of Rs 13.40 crore.
  • Three projects of treatment of drains using bio-remediation technology have also been given a green signal at an estimated cost of Rs 4.29 crore. These are for Rajapur and Digha drains in Patna and Laksar drain in Haridwar.
  • The NMCG also approved a project for pollution inventorisation, assessment and surveillance on river Ganga at an estimated cost of Rs 42.9 crore.

Sources- India to day.

 

GS Paper III- Technology.

IIT Kharagpur Signs MoU With Samsung For Digital Academy.

 

Background

  • IIT-Kharagpur has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Samsung India for the setting up of a digital academy on the institute’s campus.
  • The Department of Computer Science and Engineering in the institute will host the Samsung Innovation Lab and train students on the Internet of Things (IoT) through Tizen-based operating systems, commonly used by the company for its mobile phones and home appliances.
  • The training aims to help students acquire industry-relevant skills and “become job ready”, an IIT-KGP statement said on 10th October, 2017.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The academy was a part of the company’s corporate social initiative that aims at bridging the digital divide in the country by imparting skills to students on cutting-edge technology.
  • Through this partnership with IIT-KGP, the academy planned to train over 100 students in the next three years.
  • After signing the MoU, the Managing Director of Samsung Research & Development Institute, Delhi, YoungKi Byun, said that Samsung is happy to partner with IIT-Kharagpur to help students leverage the growing digital technology market, especially Internet of things (IoT), the future of connectivity.
  • Echoing similar sentiments, IIT-KGP Director Partha Pratim Chakrabarti, said that the partnership will help our students in developing their skills on the emerging areas of IoT and Artificial Intelligence.
  • The curriculum at the Samsung Digital Academy included the basics of web application development on Tizen, app testing and debugging.
  • The course would be taught over 14 weeks through classroom lectures, assignments, lab room sessions, self-study and mini projects.

Sources- The Hindu Business Line.