GS Paper III Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, growth, development and employment.

More people to be jobless in India: ILO

What’s Happening-
According to the International Labour Organisation (ILO):
The number of unemployed people in India is expected to rise by 1 lakh in 2017 and another 2 lakh in 2018.

Less than $3 per day:
The number of workers earning less than $3.10 per day is even expected to increase by more than 5 million over the next two years in developing countries.

India in Asia-Pacific Region:

Southern Asia has created most of the new employment, in Asia pacific region with employment expanding by 13.4 million in 2016, underpinned by population-driven labour force growth.
The majority of this new employment was created in India.

ILO key points discussed were:
1.India:
The ILO predicted that the number of jobless will increase from 17.7 million in 2016 to 18 million by 2018 even though the country’s unemployment rate is expected to go down from 3.5 per cent to 3.4 per cent in 2017.

2. Globally:
The ILO reckons that the number of jobless people will increase by 3.4 million in 2017, in its report on World Employment and Social Outlook for 2017.
The global unemployment rate is expected to rise modestly from 5.7 to 5.8 per cent in 2017 as the pace of labour force growth outstrips job creation.
Economic growth continues to disappoint and underperform – both in terms of levels and the degree of inclusion
Vulnerable forms of employment:
Include contributing family workers and own account workers, are expected to stay above 42 per cent of total employment.
About 1.4 billion people are likely to be engaged in such employment in 2017, with Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa being the most affected.

Background-
Global uncertainty and the lack of decent jobs are, among other factors, underpinning social unrest and migration in many parts of the world.

GS Paper II Judiciary.

SC stays deportation of Sudanese students

What’s Happening-
The Supreme Court stayed the deportation of two Sudanese students, lodged at a detention centre here, back to their strife-torn homeland for violating visa guidelines.

Key points discussed were:

  • A Bench led by Chief Justice of India J S Khehar, however, took strong exception to the way the two foreign nationals had violated local laws by “vanishing without giving addresses”.
  • Amir Ahmed and Khames Ahmed, studying in Benglaluru for almost three years, were required to intimate the authorities in advance if they proposed to leave the Karnataka capital. They are presently lodged at Lampur detention centre here and are on the verge of being deported to Sudan.

Chief Justice Khehar said:

  • “In our country, you do not listen to the law. We are asked to listen to more of those who do not listen to our law. We are accommodating them and they cannot breach the rules. They must stay at a fixed place. You (lawyer) just close your eyes and think if somebody does the same in the US, what will happen?”
  • Senior advocate Colin Gonsalves, appearing for the students, said they faced threat of persecution if they are sent bn citizens, deported from off-shore destinations.
  • “We ask for our criminals in other countries and they don’t even return them. Why should we be so magnanimous when they don’t bother?” Chief Justice Khehar observed orally.ack to Sudan which is facing a civil war. The court reflected how tough it is to get the criminals, who are Indian citizens, deported from off-shore destinations.
  • “We ask for our criminals in other countries and they don’t even return them. Why should we be so magnanimous when they don’t bother?” Chief Justice Khehar observed orally.