‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Development of Science & Technology – India’s first uterine transplant to take place on 18 May

                                                Baroda woman to receive womb from mother

   What is new & Why it is important:

  • Baroda-based Rupal (name changed) will be the first woman in India to get her mother’s womb. The country’s first uterus transplant will take place on May 18 at Pune’s Galaxy Care Hospital.
  • Rupal (26) has been in and out of hospitals through her eight years of marriage. She has lost two babies after full-term pregnancies, has had four abortions and a scarred uterus.
  • Swati (22) from Solapur will also undergo a uterus transplant at Galaxy Care Hospital on May 19. She was born without a uterus.
  • My baby did not survive the first pregnancy as there was a cord around the neck, and the second pregnancy resulted in a still birth. I had painful abortions. For the last two years I have not been menstruating due to Asherman’s Syndrome.
  • Both women were admitted to Galaxy hospital on May 9, and doctors are leaving no stone unturned to ensure that the transplants are successful.
  • The facilities were inspected by a government team that granted permission to conduct uterine transplant.
  • A total of 25 uterine transplants have been conducted worldwide. The first successful one was performed in Saudi Arabia in 2002, but a pregnancy could not be achieved. A uterine transplant was then performed in 2011 in Turkey, where the pregnancy lasted eight weeks. The uterus was retrieved from a cadaveric donor (brain dead). It was in Sweden that a transplant in 2011 was followed by a full-term pregnancy.
  • Assisted by a 12-member team of gynaecologists, endocrinologists and IVF specialists, an entire floor of Galaxy hospital has been prepared for the transplant. The first three transplants will be conducted free of cost.
  • According to Dr Milind Telang, gynaecologist with the 12-member team, uterine transplant is most feasible among non-vital organ transplants. “Adoption leads to legal motherhood, surrogacy to biological child but transplant gives the mother legal, biological and gestational motherhood, thus giving the maximum satisfaction.

   Source: Indian Express

 

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Government policies and interventions for development – Centre cuts UDAN levy on air tickets

            Each passenger will have to bear about Rs. 30 as cess against about Rs. 50 imposed earlier

   Explanation in Brief:

  • In a relief to passengers flying on major domestic routes, the Civil Aviation Ministry has decided to significantly reduce the levy on air tickets imposed to fund the Centre’s new regional connectivity scheme UDAN.
  • From June 1, it will only charge a uniform levy of Rs. 5,000 per flight on major routes, down from Rs. 7,500-Rs. 8,500 per flight it had ordered to charge earlier.
  • The move will come as a relief to passengers taking flights on major domestic routes as each passenger will have to bear about Rs. 30 as cess against about Rs. 50 as per government’s previous order in November 2016.

   What does Centre’s circular talks about:

  • The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) has been directed to issue a circular on the revised levy amount.
  • The Centre had ordered imposing a levy of Rs. 7,500 for flights up to 1,000 km, Rs. 8,000 for flights between 1,000 and 1,500 km and Rs. 8,500 for flights beyond 1,500 km, except north-eastern states and regional routes, effective from December 1.
  • The Federation of Indian Airlines (FIA), which represents IndiGo, Jet Airways, SpiceJet and GoAir, had dragged the Centre to the courts challenging the levy to finance the regional connectivity scheme. Only AirAsia and Air India had imposed a regional connectivity scheme surcharge on its tickets so far.
  • The government’s directive came on the same day when IndiGo, India’s largest airline by market share, announced it will participate in the government’s UDAN scheme for providing regional air connectivity, by inducting 50 ATR 72-600 aircraft, which are smaller planes.

   What Levy relief determines:

  • The government also announced relief to existing airlines which had to charge a higher levy due to its previous order. As per the UDAN scheme, airfares on all flights operating from regional airports will be capped at Rs. 2,500 for an hour’s journey. The Centre will provide subsidy to fund the losses incurred by airlines through a regional connectivity fund. While 80% of the fund will be financed by the levy imposed on air tickets, the rest 20% will flow from respective state governments.

    Source: Hindu

 

‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Development of Science & Technology – ISRO’s most powerful rocket to be launched in June

GSLV Mark-III is the next launch. All the systems are in Sriharikota. The integration is currently going

   Illustration:

  • GSLV Mark-III will be India’s most powerful launch vehicle built to lift the heaviest Indian communications satellites to space.

   What you need to know:

  • India plans to launch next month its most powerful rocket that is capable of transporting a heavier 4-tonne communications satellite and described as a “game-changer” in the first of its kind space mission.
  • Aiming for a greater share of the multi-billion dollar global space market and to reduce dependency on international launching vehicles, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said today it is hoping to launch the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) Mark-III in the first week of June.
  • A successful launch of this rocket will be yet another major step towards being self-reliant in the country’s space programme.
  • The ISRO currently has the capability to launch payloads of up to 2.2 tonnes into the intended orbit and anything above that it had to tap foreign launch facilities.
  • GSLV Mark-III will be India’s most powerful launch vehicle built to lift the heaviest Indian communications satellites to space. It can put satellites weighing 4 tonnes in space, double the weight that the current GSLV-Mark-II can lift.
  • It will also enable ISRO to launch from India heavier communications spacecraft to geostationary orbits of 36,000 km. Because of the absence of a powerful launcher, ISRO currently launches satellites above 2 tonnes on European rockets for a big fee.
  • The satellite would carry Ka and Ku-band payload along with a Geostationary Radiation Spectrometer (GRASP) payload to monitor and study the nature of the charged particles and influence of space radiation on spacecraft and electronic components.
  • It would also employ advanced spacecraft technologies including bus subsystem experiments in electrical propulsion system, indigenous Li-ion battery and indigenous bus bars for power distribution, among others.

   Source: Indian Express