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GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

UN Passes Fresh Sanctions On North Korea.

Background-

  • The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted a US-drafted resolution to impose new sanctions on North Korea on Monday, 11th September, 2017 — a move that comes just one week after the rogue nation carried out its sixth and largest nuclear test.
  • The resolution is designed to accomplish six major goals: cap North Korea’s oil imports, ban textile exports, end additional overseas laborer contracts, suppress smuggling efforts, stop joint ventures with other nations and sanction designated North Korean government entities, according to a US official familiar with negotiations.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Although the new sanctions are the harshest yet, they could have been a lot tougher. A full oil import ban and sanctions on Kim Jong Un himself were dropped at the last minute, in a possible attempt by the US to gain the support of Russia and China.
  • The news came as South Korea conducted its latest live fire drills with the US military on Tuesday, 12th September,2017  in a display of military might featuring tanks and helicopters.
  • When the US first circulated a draft resolution it called for a full ban on exports of oil to North Korea and an asset freeze on leader Kim Jong Un, the Worker’s Party and the government of North Korea.
  • But later, the US put forward another draft that removed the full oil embargo, asset freeze, travel ban for Kim and softened the language on foreign workers and other issues.
  • Russia and China both have veto power as permanent members of the Security Council and had expressed skepticism over the initial sanctions proposal. But China said after Monday’s vote it supported the resolution.
  • The sanctions were welcomed by Japan, with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe telling local media Tuesday they impose “an unprecedented high level of pressure on North Korea.”
  • In the wake of the sanctions’ passage, Peru’s foreign ministry said it had ordered North Korea’s ambassador to leave the country within five days, joining Mexico in ejecting Pyongyang’s representatives in recent weeks.

Sources- CNN.

 

GS Paper II- Governance, Polity.

Centre Plans To Unveil Rs 100 and Rs 5 Coins To Mark MG Ramachandran’s Birth Centenary.

Background

  • The Central government will introduce Rs 100 coins to mark the birth centenary of MG Ramachandran, the late AIADMK founder and former chief minister of Tamil Nadu.
  • The Rs 100 coin will be 44 millimeter in diameter, with a metal composition of silver (50 per cent), copper (40 per cent), nickel (5 per cent) and zinc (5 per cent).
  • The government will also introduce new Rs 5 coin, which will be 23 millimeter in diameter and made of copper (75 per cent), zinc (20 per cent) and nickel (5 per cent).
  • The standard weight of Rs 100 coin will be 35 grams while that of Rs 5 coin will be 6 grams.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The words- ‘Dr M G Ramachandran Birth Centenary’ will be inscribed in the lower periphery while the same will be inscribed in the Devanagari script on the upper periphery.
  • The years marking the great actor and politician’s lifetime –‘1917-2017’ will be etched below his sketch.
  • The obverse of the Rs 100 coin will bear “Lion Capitol of Ashoka Pillar” in the centre, with the legend “Satyamev Jayate” inscribed below in Devnagari.
  • The left periphery of the obverse side of coin will be flanked with the word Bharat in Devnagari and on the right periphery with the word India in English. It shall also bear the Rupee symbol and denominational value Rs 100 in international numerals below the Lion Capitol.
  • The reverse of the Rs 100 coin shall bear the portrait of MG Ramachandran in the centre, with inscription of Ramachandran in Devnagari on upper periphery and Dr MG Ramachandran birth centenary in English on the lower periphery of the coin.
  • Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran, popularly known as ‘MGR’, was the founder of the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK), the ruling party in Tamil Nadu now.
  • The film actor, who was elected as the chief minister thrice in his lifetime, was awarded the Bharat Ratna posthumously in 1988. He continues to be a political and cultural icon.

Sources- Deccan Chronicle.

 

GS Paper III- Technology.

India’s First Advanced Homoeopathy Virology Lab In Kolkata Inaugurated By AYUSH Minister.

Background

  • India’s first State of art virology laboratory at Dr. Anjali Chatterjee Regional Research Institute for Homoeopathy in Kolkata was inaugurated by Shripad Yesso Naik , Union Minister of Stat efor AYUSH.
  • He said that this laboratory has been established to develop new drugs and technologies in Homoeopathy to combat emerging challenges of viral diseases.
  • In this context the Minister expressed his satisfaction of recognising this laboratory by the Calcutta University to undertake research work of the PhD students in Homoeopathy.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The laboratory, established at a cost of Rs. 8 crore is the only one in India for conducting basic and fundamental research in Homoeopathy for viral diseases like influenza, Japanese encephalitis, dengue, chickunguniya and swine flu. New drugs and technologies would also be developed here to combat emerging challenges of viral diseases.
  • Dr. V.K. Gupta, Chairman Scientific Advisory Committee, CCRH, New Delhi, Prof. Ajoy Kumar Roy, Director, IIEST, Shibpur, Dr. Rathin  Chakravarty, Member, Scientific Advisory Committee, CCRH, New Delhi, Dr. Raj K. Manchanda, Director General, CCRH, New Delhi among eminent scientists were also present on the occasion.
  • The AYUSH Minister also appreciated efforts of the National Institute of Homoeopathy (NIH), Kolkata which is imparting higher education and training in homoeopathy under the Ministry of AYUSH and urged that both the institutes could forge an active collaboration on practical training to the students and research scholars in virus research, both in laboratory and in the field jointly.
  • He expressed happiness over Council’s initiatives of establishing a Centre of Excellence in Fundamental Research in Homoeopathy at IIEST, Howrah to undertake fundamental research studies in homoeopathy with an interdisciplinary approach.
  • This institute has undertaken several clinical research studies like autism, psoriasis, vitiligo, breast cancer, hypertension, migraine etc along with proving of new drugs in homoeopathy with their clinical validations. About 400 patients are being treated daily through OPD services and AYUSH outreach services being provided in villages too.

Sources- BioSpectrum.