GS Paper I- Indian Heritage and Culture.

Rajasthan Becomes First In Country To Offer E-Mail IDs In Hindi.


  • Rajasthan has become the first state in the country to offer free e-mail address in Hindi to its residents. The facility —[email protected] (in Devanagari script) — will lead to millions of new users who are not comfortable with English e-mail ids.
  • During Digifest Kota in August 2017, chief minister Vasundhara Raje had shown the intent to have a vernacular e-mail service for the residents who are not fluent in English as she felt that language should not be a hindrance for anybody using emails or electronic communication. Hence, the vernacular e-mail, in Hindi, was launched on December 3, 2017.



Highlights Of The Development–

  • The first e-mail id that was created was that of the chief minister, [email protected] (in Devnagari). All the government personnel in the state will soon have an email id in Hindi too.
  • The project has been implemented by the state IT department with partnership in form of in-sourcing with private IT companies. A dedicated team of 10 experts from the state IT department worked for three months on the project.
  • Apart from people who use Hindi keyboard, the email also works for those who use English keyboard. Even the Japanese who like to work in their own language don’t have a linguistic email id, the official said.
  • He also said that the initiative will ensure maximum participation of people towards e-governance and also that maximum facilities are available in vernacular language. This e-mail is small part of the bigger picture ‘Rajasthan DigiKit’ which has an enrollment of more than one crore people.
  • In December 2016, state-run BSNL had launched e-mail address service in eight Indian languages for its broadband users by launching a ‘DataMail’ service.
  • However, unlike BSNL, the Hindi email offered by Rajasthan government is for all the Internet users.
  • As per TRAI, total Internet subscribers in India are just about 30 per cent of the country’s population. So, about 70 percent of population is not having access to the Internet and most of these belong to rural India.
  • As per official data compiled in 2016, Hindi is spoken by 544 million people in India making it the most spoken language.

Sources- HT.


GS Paper II- Governance, Polity.

Centre To Set Up 12 Special Courts To Exclusively Deal With Cases Against 1,581 Tainted Lawmakers.


  • In an important decision intended to put an end to the inordinate delay in the prosecution of politicians in criminal cases, the Centre has decided to set up special courts to deal exclusively with cases against 1,581 MPs and MLAS and to dispose them of within a year.
  • Centre’s decision could be a body blow to politicians who, despite facing serious charges, have stayed in Parliament and state assemblies because of delays in trying them. All of them should come under the purview of the special courts and their fate could be decided within a year.



Highlights Of The Development-

  • Complying with the direction of Supreme Court which had asked the Centre to set up special courts for tainted lawmakers, the government had told the court that 12 such courts will be constituted across the country to decide cases against lawmakers who are facing serious criminal charges.
  • Two special courts will handle cases against 228 MPs and other 10 courts will be set up in as many states —Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Telengana, UP and West Bengal— where number of tainted MLAs are more than 65.
  • The government also placed the scheme framed by it for special courts before the court and said that Rs 7.80 crore had been earmarked for the scheme which would be in operation for a year. It said that number of special courts to be constituted was decided on the basis of presumption that each court would be able to dispose of 165 cases per annum and 12 courts would bring to an end the long pending cases against MPs and MLAs.
  • The government said in its affidavit that disposing of 1,581 criminal cases involving political persons within a time frame of one year as directed by SC is the aim as well as the objective of the scheme. It is proposed to set up a total of 12 special courts across the country in various states to decide such cases at an expenditure of Rs 7.80 crore. On December 8, 2017 Department of Expenditure in Ministry of Finance has given in-principle approval for the same.

Sources- TOI.


GS Paper III- Economic Development.

ADB Lowers India’s GDP Forecast For FY18 To 6.7%.


  • The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has lowered India’s GDP forecast for the current fiscal by 0.3 per cent to 6.7 per cent, attributing it to tepid growth in the first half, demonetisation and transitory challenges of tax sector reforms.
  • It has also revised downwards the gross domestic product (GDP) outlook for next fiscal beginning from March 2018 to 7.3 per cent from 7.4 per cent mainly due to rising global crude oil prices and soft growth in private sector investment.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • ADB said that owing to tepid growth in the first half of 2017-18, the lingering effects of demonetisation in November 2016, transitory challenges of a new tax system, and some risks to agriculture stemming from a spotty monsoon in 2017, the Indian economy is now expected to grow by 6.7 per cent, slower than the 7 per cent forecast in the (September, 2017) Update.
  • India, the largest economy South Asia, rebounded to 6.3 per cent growth in the second quarter of this fiscal from 5.7 per cent in the first quarter, reversing five consecutive quarters of deceleration.
  • However, ADO supplement expects growth to pick up in the remaining two quarters of 2017-18 as the government is implementing measures to ease compliance with the new Goods and Services Tax (GST) as well as bank recapitalisation.

Sources- The Hindu Business Line.