GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Jhulan Goswami 1st Woman Cricketer To Take 200 ODI Wickets.

Background

  • India’s veteran pacer Jhulan Goswami on 7th February, 2018 added another feather to her illustrious cap by becoming the first female cricketer to take 200 ODI wickets.
  • Goswami achieved the feat during the second ODI between India and South Africa in Kimberley.
  • The 35-year-old, playing her 166th ODI, dismissed opener Laura Wolvaardt for her 200th scalp.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Interestingly, the first male cricketer to pick 200 ODI wickets, was also an Indian — the great Kapil Dev.
  • In May 2017, Goswami became the highest wicket-taker in women’s ODIs, eclipsing the decade-long record held by Australian Cathryn Fitzpatrick.
  • Goswami, hailing from a small town called Chakdaha in Nadia district of West Bengal, made her debut way back in 2002.
  • She was also adjudged ICC Women Cricketer of the Year in 2007.

Sources- The Hindu.

 

GS Paper II- Governance.

NITI Aayog Releases “Healthy States, Progressive India” Report;
Kerala, Punjab & Tamil Nadu Ranked On Top In Terms Of Overall Performance Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, And Uttar Pradesh Ranked Top Three States In Terms Of Annual Incremental Performance.

Background

  • NITI Aayog on 9th February, 2018 released a comprehensive Health Index report titled, “Healthy States, Progressive India” at a function in the capital. The report ranks states and Union territories innovatively on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes, as well as, their overall performance with respect to each other. The report was released jointly by the CEO, NITI Aayog; Amitabh Kant, Secretary, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare; Preeti Sudan and World Bank India Country Director, Junaid Ahmad.
  • It is the first attempt to establish an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation’s performance in Health. The report has been developed by NITI Aayog, with technical assistance from the World Bank, and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • States and UTs have been ranked in three categories namely, Larger States, Smaller States, and Union Territories (UTs), to ensure comparison among similar entities. The Health Index is a weighted composite Index, which for the larger States, is based on indicators in three domains: (a) Health Outcomes (70%); (b) Governance and Information (12%); and (c) Key Inputs and Processes (18%), with each domain assigned a weight based on its importance.
  • Among the Larger States, Kerala, Punjab, and Tamil Nadu ranked on top in terms of overall performance, while Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh are the top three ranking States in terms of annual incremental performance. Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh showed the maximum gains in improvement of health outcomes from base to reference year in indicators such as Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR), Under-five Mortality Rate (U5MR), full immunization coverage, institutional deliveries, and People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).
  • Among Smaller States, Mizoram ranked first followed by Manipur on overall performance, while Manipur followed by Goa were the top ranked States in terms of annual incremental performance. Manipur registered maximum incremental progress on indicators such as PLHIV on ART, first trimester antenatal care (ANC) registration, grading quality parameters of Community Health Centres (CHCs), average occupancy of key State-level officers and good reporting on the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP).

Sources- Press Information Bureau.

 

GS Paper III- Economic Development.

ONGC, Partners Acquire 10 Per Cent Stake In UAE’s Zakum Oilfield For $600 Million.

 

Background

  • ONGC Videsh Ltd and its partners have acquired a 10 per cent in a large offshore oilfield in Abu Dhabi for $600 million, the first time any Indian company has set foot in oil-rich Emirates.
  • OVL, the overseas arm of state-owned Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC), Indian Oil Corp (IOC) and a unit of Bharat Petroleum Corp Ltd (BPCL), paid a signing amount of $600 million for a 10 per cent stake in Abu Dhabi National Oil Co’s (ADNOC) 40-year Lower Zakum Concession, Offshore Abu Dhabi.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The current production of this field is about 400,000 barrels of oil per day (20 million tonnes per annum) and Indian consortium’s annual share shall be about 2 million tonnes.
  • The field is to achieve plateau target of 450,000 barrels of oil per day by 2025.
  • The contract for the concession was signed in Abu Dhabi on 10th February evening in presence of Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed al-Nahyan and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • This is the first time that Indian oil companies have taken part in an Abu Dhabi oil and gas concession.
  • The concession, which has a term of 40 years with an effective date of March 9, 2018, was signed by ONGC Group Chairman Shashi Shanker and ADNOC Group Chief Executive Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber.
  • ADNOC is finalising the potential partners for the remaining 30 per cent of the available 40 per cent stake in the Lower Zakum Concession earmarked for international oil and gas companies, the statement said.
  • The deal will help India meet its growing demand for energy and refined products, create opportunities for ADNOC to increase its market share in a key growth market, and build a solid foundation as ADNOC explores potential international investments, particularly focused on downstream opportunities, Sultan al-Jaber said.
  • Shanker hoped that the historic agreement will lead to further opportunities for Indian oil and gas companies to participate in the UAE’s energy sector.
  • OVL is India’s largest international oil and gas company, having 39 projects in 18 countries, including Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Brazil, Colombia, Kazakhstan, Mozambique, Myanmar, Russia, South Sudan, Sudan, Namibia, Venezuela, Vietnam and New Zealand.
  • It currently produces about 277,000 barrels of oil and oil equivalent gas per day and has total oil and gas reserves (2P) of about 704 million tonnes of oil equivalent as on April 1, 2017.

Sources- TOI.