GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

President Xi Jinping Set To Rule China For Life As Nation’s Parliament Abolishes Presidential Term Limits.


  • In a historic move, the parliament of China abolished presidential limits on March 11, 2018, thus securing a clear path for President Xi Jinping to rule indefinitely as the president and handing him almost complete authority to pursue a vision of transforming the nation into an economic and military superpower.
  • The move reverses the era of “collective” leadership and orderly succession that was promoted by late paramount leader Deng Xiaoping to ensure stability following the turbulent one-man rule of Communist China’s founder Mao Zedong.
  • The historic constitutional amendment breezed through the rubber-stamp parliament with 2,958 in favour, two against and three abstentions despite an unusual bout of online criticism that censors have scrambled to extinguish.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The first constitutional amendment in 14 years had been expected to breeze through the legislature, which has never rejected a Communist Party diktat in its half-century of existence.
  • Xi, 64, has consolidated power since 2012 when he was appointed to the country’s top office: general secretary of the Communist Party.
  • While the position has no term limits, his two predecessors both gave it up after two terms as part of an orderly process established by Deng.
  • The country’s presidency is a largely ceremonial office, but the constitutional limits meant Xi would have had to give it up in 2023.
  • But with the new amendments, he could now have a lifetime to push his goal of turning China into global economic powerhouse with a “world-class” military by mid-century.
  • His rise has been accompanied by tighter restrictions on civil society, with the detention of activists and lawyers, and stricter limits on the already heavily controlled internet.
  • At the same time, he gained a measure of popularity among Chinese people through a relentless crackdown on corruption that has punished more than a million party officials, and sidelined potential rivals.
  • While attention has focused on the term limits, the amendments also include major provisions that will engrave Xi’s eponymous political mantra in the constitution and hand the Communist Party an even larger role in the country’s affairs.
  • In a written report, the head of the parliament’s Standing Committee, Zhang Dejiang, said the amendments will ensure the constitution improves and develops in step with the times and provide a firm constitutional guarantee for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.

Sources- Firstpost.


GS Paper II- Governance.

Telangana Govt Launches Start-Up Incubator For Women.


  • The Telangana government on 8th March, 2018 launched a start-up incubator in Hyderabad to exclusively promote entrepreneurship among women.
  • The facility was launched on the occasion of International Womens Day.
  • The incubator, named We-Hub, is the country’s first state-led incubator exclusively for women entrepreneurs, a state government release said.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • We-Hub will promote women-led, women-owned enterprises in Telangana. It is a platform which is open to all kinds of innovations including a tech start-up, a start-up in social innovation or an idea which is completely radically different, IT and Industries Minister K T Rama Rao said.
  • We-Hub would provide an entrepreneurial platform for aspiring women from rural and urban backgrounds, the release said.
  • The vision of this initiative is to empower women and make them independent to overcome the societal barriers.
  • Six MoUs were signed at the We-Hub launch event.
  • The six partnerships would help promote women entrepreneurship through co-incubation programs, events, workshops and social innovation programs.

Sources- Business-Standard.


GS Paper III- Security.

Samvedna 2018: IAF’s First Multilateral HADR Air Exercise In South Asia Starts.


  • A Multilateral Air Force exercise, ‘Samvedna’, is being held from March 12 to 17, 2018.
  • The exercise, spearheaded by Indian Air Force and conducted by Southern Air Command (SAC), will ensure better understanding and sharing of response procedures between a number of friendly neighbouring nations.
  • Samvedna, which means ‘Empathy’, is the first composite HADR Air exercise in the South Asian region and would be focused on practicing Air Force centric HADR solutions in a Multi-national cooperative Disaster Management environment. Air Forces of Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, UAE and Myanmar have already committed resources and personnel for the exercise. Few other Air Forces from the region are also expected to join in.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The first day of exercise would be dedicated towards pre-exercise ground training with an aim of getting all participants on a common platform. The Table Top Exercise on March 13 and 14 would be aimed at setting up a scenario of pre and post Tsunami disaster requirements and guide participants to work out Air Force Centric HADR solutions.
  • Flying cum Field Training Exercise on March 15 and 16 will be conducted from the dispersal area of Air Force Station Trivandrum to practice the flying/ field activities undertaken by Air Forces towards HADR under controlled conditions.
  • This exercise would help in putting in place a basic framework for conduct of Joint Air HADR operations, which will be further refined during subsequent exercises. This exercise is expected to lead to more coordinated and efficient HADR Air operations in the entire South Asian region when the need arises.

Sources- ANI.