GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

India’s Umang App, Aadhaar Win Awards At World Government Summit.

Background

  • India’s Aadhaar won the best emerging technology award at the recently concluded World Government Summit 2018 in Dubai. India was the ‘Guest of Honour’ country at the summit.
  • The summit acknowledged technology pioneers for providing global solutions to global challenges.
  • India’s Umang App also won the best M-Government Service Award in the Accessible Government category.
  • The mobile application provides users a unified platform that combines government departments and services, facilitating transactions for citizens.

Background

  • India’s Aadhaar won the best emerging technology award at the recently concluded World Government Summit 2018 in Dubai. India was the ‘Guest of Honour’ country at the summit.
  • The summit acknowledged technology pioneers for providing global solutions to global challenges.
  • India’s Umang App also won the best M-Government Service Award in the Accessible Government category.
  • The mobile application provides users a unified platform that combines government departments and services, facilitating transactions for citizens.

Sources- JAGRAN Josh.

GS Paper II- Governance.

Govt Extends Anti-Narcotics Scheme For 3 More Years.

Background

  • Taking into consideration the 40 lakh drug addicts in the country, the Centre has extended for three more years a scheme which combats illicit trafficking in drugs and psychotropic substance.
  • The ‘Assistance to States and UTs for Narcotics Control’ scheme has been extended for a further period of 3 years–from 2017-18 to 2019-20–with an estimated budget of Rs 21 crore, a Home Ministry notification said.
  • The purpose of the scheme is to assist state governments and Union Territories which are contributing in controlling the inter-state and cross border drug trafficking.

 

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Financial assistance will be provided to all the anti- narcotics agencies for strengthening their enforcement capabilities to combat illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.
  • Financial assistance is also proposed to be provided for all capacity building activities, including training of personnel.
  • The Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) being the national nodal agency for drug administration will process the requests from state governments and UTs for financial assistance for improving their enforcement capabilities in dealing with the supply side of the drug menace.
  • According to the latest assessments, there are approximately 40 lakh drug addicts in India but the actual figure may be still higher, a Home Ministry official said.
  • The most common drugs of abuse are ‘ganja’, ‘hashish’, ‘opium’ and ‘heroin’.
  • The abuse of pharmaceutical preparations like ‘buprenorphine’, codeine based cough syrups and painkillers like ‘proxivon’ has also assumed serious proportions.
  • In certain regions of the country, drug abuse has already become a severe social-economic problem affecting the vulnerable age group.
  • It is, therefore, essential that the state governments and UTs are aware of the drug related problems in their states and UTs and address them in an effective manner before they assume epidemic proportions.
  • The strategies would include both supply reduction and demand reduction. Supply reduction would include enforcement activities while demand reduction would involve rehabilitation and de-addiction measures.
  • The scheme was first launched on October 24, 2004 for a period of five years and later extended twice in subsequent years.

Sources- Business-Standard.

GS Paper III- Security.

Western Command Conducts Tri-Service Maritime Exercise ‘Paschim Lehar’.

Background

  • Around 40 ships, submarines and fighter aircraft participated in Paschim Lehar, a tri-service maritime exercise off India’s western coast, the navy said on 14th February, 2018.
  • The objective of the exercise, which commenced on February 12, 2018, is to build interoperability.
  • This exercise includes participation of a large number of ships, submarines and aircraft from the Western Naval Command of the Indian Navy. Units from Eastern Naval Command, Indian Army, Indian Air Force and the coast guard are also participating to build interoperability.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Over 40 ships and submarines, a similar number of maritime surveillance, fighter aircraft, helicopters and Remotely Piloted Aircraft of the Indian Navy and the IAF are participating.
  • The amphibious capabilities of the armed forces, along with the elements of Army Amphibious Brigade will also be deployed and tested for operational tasking during the exercise.
  • The exercise includes a number of weapon firings, including missile, gun and torpedo firings during the initial phase. The second phase is structured to validate and refine the operational plans of the Western Naval Command, the statement said.

Sources- HT.