GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

India Ranks 30th On WEF Global Manufacturing Index; Japan Tops Ranking.

Background

  • The World Economic Forum (WEF) on 14th January, 2018 released its Global Manufacturing Index putting India on the 30th position, five places below China, which is continuously striving to develop better avenues of manufacturing by boosting infrastructure.
  • Meanwhile, Japan topped the rankings on the back of developing the best structure of production in the Geneva-based WEF’s first ‘Readiness for the future of production report’ and is followed by South Korea, Germany, Switzerland, China, Czech Republic, the US, Sweden, Austria and Ireland in the top 10.
  • India, which had a total manufacturing value of over $420 billion in 2016, the report said that the country’s manufacturing sector has grown by over 7 per cent per year on average in the past three decades and accounts for 16-20 per cent of India’s GDP.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The WEF said the demand for Indian manufactured products is rising. India has room for improvement across the drivers of production, except for demand environment where is ranks in the top 5.
  • The forums also took note of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi-led government’s ‘Make in India’ initiative to open India into a manufacturing hub, and moving towards a more connected economy with an announcement of a $59 billion investment in infrastructure in 2017.
  • The report has categorised 100 countries in four major groups for its ranking which include, Leading (strong

current base, high level of readiness for future); High Potential (limited current base, high potential for future); Legacy (strong current base, at risk for future); or Nascent (limited current base, low level of readiness for future).

  • India has been placed in the Legacy group alongside Hungary, Mexico, Philippines, Russia, Thailand and Turkey, among others. Meanwhile, China is on the list of Leading countries. The report pointed out that the 25 countries placed in the Leading category were in the best position to gain as production systems stand on the brink of exponential change.
  • In terms of the scale of production, India has been ranked ninth, while for complexity it is at 48th place. For market size, India is on third spot, while areas where the country is ranked poorly (90th or even lower) include female participation in labour force, trade tariffs, regulatory efficiency and sustainable resources.

Sources- The Indian Express.

 

GS Paper II- International Relations.

South Korea, Gujarat Chamber Of Commerce And Industry (GCCI)  Sign MoU For Business Cooperation.

Background

  • An official delegation from South Korea and the Gujarat Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GCCI) on 9th January, 2018 signed a memorandum of understanding for co-operation between industries in Gujarat and the East Asian country, with a focus on automobile, defence and textiles sectors.
  • The South Korean delegation was led by the country’s Consul General in Mumbai, Kim Soungeun.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The main objective of the MoU is to help Gujarat-based small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to explore opportunities through joint ventures with South Korean firms, especially in areas of automobile, defence and textiles, said GCCI president Shailesh Patwari.
  • Patwari said that they import lubricants and auto parts for industry. Now that Gujarat is becoming an auto hub, JVs with Korean companies will help the SMEs. He said that their intention is also to support the local SMEs in manufacture of defence equipment with the help of Korean companies.
  • According to him, Korean companies can offer technological help to the textile industry in Gujarat to reduce costs and compete with Bangladesh and China and improve ready-made apparel trade.

Sources- The Indian Express.

 

GS Paper III- Bio-Diversity.

Elcysma Ziroensis: New Moth Species Discovered In Arunachal Pradesh.

Background

  • Researchers have discovered a new species of moth from the Talle Wildlife Sanctuary in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The discovery of the Zygaenid moth was published in the Journal of Threatened Taxa, an international journal on conservation and taxonomy, on December 26, 2017.
  • The article was published by Bombay Natural History Society scientist Monsoon Jyoti Gogoi and renowned lepidoptera (study of butterflies and moths) expert J J Young, and state education department employee Punyo Chada.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The Researchers said that during a field trip to Talle Wildlife Sanctuary they colleted a torn, deformed moth found to be an undescribed female Elcysma, at an elevation of 1,700m in Ziro. This discovery represents the first record of Elcysma from Arunachal Pradesh.
  • They suggested that the new species, scientifically named Elcysma Ziroensis, be commonly called Apatani Glory, named after a local tribe called Apatani.
  • This species has only been seen during autumn, notably in the month of September, indicating that it is a univoltine species, meaning it has one brood of young in a year.

Sources- The New Indian Express.