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Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

BHIM-Aadhaar will be an economic giant: PM

Important points:

  • The Prime Minister inaugurates various development works to mark the 125th birth anniversary of B.R. Ambedkar.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the BHIM-Aadhaar, a digital payment platform that uses the Aadhaar number.
  • Word of praise for Dr. Ambedkar, Like Shiva, Dr. Ambedkar drank the poison of hatred all his life but he did not carry even the slightest of bitterness neither in the Indian Constitution nor in his speeches. Today, we are trying to give a new system on his birth anniversary.

Government’s vision:

  • We have a dream that by 2022, every Indian should have his own house with the facilities of electricity, water, and nearby hospitals. No one should be homeless. Let us strive to live the dreams of Dr. Ambedkar which he enshrined in the Constitution.
  • Those who are using BHIM-Aadhaar will be soldiers against corruption and black money.
  • If your Aadhaar number is linked with your bank accounts, then your thumb impression is enough to carry out a digital transaction.
  • You don’t need to carry a single rupee with you. Even the most advanced technologies in the world don’t have this system.
  • Very soon, major universities in the world will come to study the BHIM-Aadhaar. This is going to be a reference point for a big change in the world,” he claimed.

Source: Indian Express

Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Digital trade zooms 23 times’

Post-demonetisation:

  • After demonetization, 15 thousand institutions have gone cashless in 100 rural and urban cities.
  • Digital payments in the country have grown by close to 23 times since withdrawal of high-value of currency notes was announced in November last year.
  • Digital transactions increased by about 23 times with 63,80,000 digital transactions for a value of Rs. 2,425 crore in March 2017 (since demonetisation) compared to 2,80,000 digital transactions worth Rs. 101 crore till November 2016 (January-November).
  • Immediate Payment Service (IMPS) transactions have gone up from 3.6 crore to 6.7 crore during the same period, November to March.

Governments initiative:

  • digi dhan mela initiative held across 100 cities in the country with an aim to create awareness about digital payments.
  • 100-day-long information, education and communication campaign, led by NITI Aayog, was held to make digital payments a mass movement in India.
  • More than 15 lakh people from cities, small towns and villages attended the digi dhan melas, which helped enable lakhs of people to open new bank accounts as well as create new Aadhaar cards.
  • BHIM App has already created a new world record by registering 1.9 crore downloads in just four months since its launch in December, 2016

Source: Hindustan Times

Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government;

Allahabad HC becomes ‘pilot project’ for case backlog study

Important points:

  • SC refers to delay in disposal of cases at the cost of gross human rights violations to undertrials.
  • The Supreme Court has asked itself why numerous orders over the decades suggesting action plans to combat staggering backlog of cases in High Courts and trial courts have literally produced no answers and hardly any results.
  • Phenomenon of mounting pendency and discomfiting delay in disposal of cases continue at the cost of gross human rights violations to undertrials, convicts and victims of crime.
  • Both who languish behind the walls of prisons, at times spend the entirety of their prison sentence behind bars while their appeals or bail applications stagnate for decades without a hearing.

One such example:

  • The Supreme Court’s judge had found himself hearing a plea for bail by a convict in a murder case. Defence lawyer apprised that his client’s appeal against his conviction was pending in the Allahabad HC for over a decade without a hearing.
  • Lawyer told the Supreme Court that, with the current backlog at the Allahabad HC, his client entertains no hope of a hearing of his appeal.

Order of Supreme:

  • HC was ordered to complete the hearing of the appeal against conviction in four months, in a seven-page order in which the Supreme Court has suggested proposals and framed guidelines to end pendency in courts.
  • The judiciary has been, in a sense, inadvertently responsible for violation of the fundamental right to speedy trial and disposal of criminal appeals under Article 21 of the Constitution.
  • The Supreme Court decided to put the Allahabad HC under the microscope as a “pilot project” to investigate how High Courts deal with pendency.
  • The SC said this was a “target-specific” exercise to study how criminal appeals face years of delay as appellants face “inhuman compulsions” inside jails.
  • The Bench directed the HC Registrar to hand over particulars of the criminal appeals, category-wise and year-wise, for the study in four weeks. It sought the HC to produce details of the institution and disposal statistics of last 10 years, average disposal time of the appeals, identified causes for the delay, steps already taken and in contemplation for tackling and accelerating disposals, mechanism in place to oversee the process and progress recorded.

Source: The Hindu