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GS Paper I- Indian Heritage, Culture, History of the World and society.

India To Host 8th International Theatre Olympics In 2018.

Background

  • India will host the Theatre Olympics in 2018, first since the event’s inception in 1993, Ministry of Culture in association with National School of Drama (NSD) announced in New Delhi on Wednesday, 12th July, 2017.
  • Running from 17 February to 8 April, 2017, the eighth edition of the international event will see over 500 plays and 700 ambiance performances by artistes from across the globe.
  • Celebrating the cultural and lingual diversity of the participating countries, the theatre event is expected to host over 50 international and 150 Indian theatre groups over the span of two months.
  • In addition, there will be allied activities like exhibitions, seminars, symposia, interactive discussions and workshops with well-known academicians, authors, actors, designers and directors.
  • With the inaugural ceremony scheduled to be held here on 17 February, 2017, the event will come to a close in Mumbai on 8 April, 2017 with a gala function.

Key Things To Look Out For-

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi is likely to inaugurate the mega international event here in Delhi while the President of India will conclude it in Mumbai on April 8, 2017.
  • Names of the cities, other than the five metropolises, will be finalised by a national advisory committee to be set up for detailed planning of the event.
  • The Theatre Olympics is an international festival that brings together productions of well-known theatre practitioners from around the world. It was established in Delphi, Greece, in 1993 at the initiative of noted Greek theatre director Theodorus Terzopoulus.
  • While the first country to host the Theatre Olympics was Greece in 1995, the last mega carnival of theatre was held in Poland in 2016.
  • India will be hosting the eighth edition of the Theatre Olympics next year.
  • The National School of Drama (NSD) will organise the mega international event in coordination with the Union Culture Ministry.
  • The NSD had evinced its interest before the international committee of the Theatre Olympics to host the eighth edition of the carnival.
  • The institute’s director Waman Kendre said the NSD will soon invite applications from the theatre practitioners in India and around the world for their participation in the 2018 Theatre Olympics.
  • A national level committee will soon be set up for short listing of the groups and plays. Any one interested in taking part in the mega event can apply.

Sources- The Quint, Deccanherald.

 

GS Paper II-Governance.

Government Of India Aims To Eliminate Malaria By 2027, Launches National Strategic Plan.

Background

  • India will aim to eliminate malaria by 2027, the health minister said on Wednesday, 12th July, 2017 as he launched the national strategic plan for malaria elimination (2017-22).
  • In previous plans of the government for malaria, encouraging results have been achieved in the North East India and the efforts are now focussed in other states such as Jharkhand, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.
  • The health minister said that the programme has to be owned by the states and they have a larger responsibility.

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Highlights Of The Development-

  • According to World Health Organisation (WHO) estimates, India accounts for 75% of all malaria cases in South-East Asia.
  • The new Strategic Plan gives year wise elimination targets in various parts of the country depending upon the endemicity of malaria in the next 5 years.
  • The strategies involve strengthening malaria surveillance, establishing a mechanism for early detection and prevention of outbreaks of malaria, promoting the prevention of malaria by the use of Long Lasting Impregnated Nets (LLINs), effective indoor residual spray and augmenting the manpower and capacities for effective implementation for the next five years.
  • New interventions for case management and vector control such as rapid diagnostic tests, artemisinin-based combination therapy and Long Lasting Insecticidal nets (LLINs) were introduced under the strategic plan last year (2016). Union health ministry has especially been focussing on Long Lasting Impregnated Nets (LLINs) for past three years. The Ministry has distributed 14 million nets and 25 million nets are to be distributed.
  • About 95% of the Indian population lives in malaria endemic areas; but 80% of malaria reported in the country comes from areas where 20% of the population resides—in tribal, hilly, hard-to-reach or inaccessible areas. Malaria in India is particularly entrenched in low-income rural areas of eastern and north-eastern states.
  • Operational guidelines for malaria elimination and a manual on integrated vector management has been prepared and shared with all states and union territories.
  • Under the new five year plan the ministry has decided to take up concerted efforts at the district level and push for a micro-level approach. Case detection and management, and community outreach services will be carried out by ASHA workers and community health volunteers of various NGOs. They will also be given medicine stocks to administer medicines as soon as they detect malaria.

Sources- Livemint.

 

GS Paper III- Environment, Bio-Diversity.

NGT Declares 100 Metres From Edge Of Ganga As ‘No-Development Zone’; To Impose Rs50,000 Fine For Dumping Waste In Ganga River.

Background

  • In a landmark order aimed at cleaning up and rejuvenating the Ganga, considered a holy river by millions of Indians, the National Green Tribunal (NGT) on Thursday, 13th July, 2017 banned all construction within 100 metres of the river’s edge from Haridwar in Uttarakhand to Unnao in Uttar Pradesh.
  • This ban will remain in place until authorities complete the demarcation of the Ganga’s floodplains and identify all permissible and non-permissible activities, the court ruled.
  • This was among a range of measures that a six-member NGT bench headed by its chairperson, justice Swatanter Kumar, listed out in a huge 543-page judgment on petition by environmentalist M.C. Mehta.

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Highlights Of The Development-

  • A bench headed by NGT Chairperson Justice Swatanter Kumar declared that an environment compensation of ₹50,000 will be imposed on anyone who dumps waste in the river.
  • The apex environment watchdog directed all authorities concerned to complete various projects including setting up of a sewage treatment plant and cleaning drains within two years.
  • It also said the Uttar Pradesh government should be “duty-bound” to shift tanneries within six weeks, from Jajmau in Kanpur to leather parks in Unnao or any other place it considers appropriate.
  • The NGT also directed the Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand governments to formulate guidelines for religious activities on the ghats of Ganga or its tributaries.
  • The tribunal also appointed a supervisory committee, headed by the secretary of the Water Resources Ministry and comprising IIT professors and officials from UP government to oversee implementation of the directions passed in its 543- page verdict.
  • It also asked the committee to submit reports at regular intervals.
  • The NGT said the concept of zero liquid discharge and online monitoring of affluents should not be applied to industrial units.
  • It said that all industrial units falling in the catchment area of river Ganga should be stopped from the indiscriminate extraction of groundwater.
  • The tribunal had heard the arguments of the Centre, the UP government, pollution control boards and various other stakeholders for almost 18 months before reserving the judgment on May 31, 2017.
  • The green panel has divided the work of cleaning the river in different segments – Gomukh to Haridwar (Phase-I), Haridwar to Unnao (termed as segment B of Phase-I), Unnao to border of Uttar Pradesh, border of Uttar Pradesh to border of Jharkhand and border of Jharkhand to Bay of Bengal.
  • It has already delivered the verdict in December 2015 with regard to first phase between Gomukh to Haridwar.
  • The verdict came on a 1985 PIL of noted environment activist M C Mehta which was transferred to the NGT from the Supreme Court in 2014.

Sources- Huffingtonpost, Livemint.