GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

IIT Madras Gets World’s Largest Combustion Research Centre.


  • Promising a giant boost to the Indian scientific community, the world’s largest combustion research centre was inaugurated at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras on 16th October, 2017.
  • The National Centre for Combustion Research and Development (NCCRD) was inaugurated by NITI Aayog member V K Saraswat in the presence of Prof Ashutosh Sharma, Secretary, Department of Science and Technology.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • This is the world’s largest combustion research centre.
  • With over 30 faculty members from six departments of IIT-M working on the project, this is the largest grouping of academic combustion researchers globally. In addition, the infrastructure facilities are also the largest for any combustion research centre in an academic setting globally.
  • NCCRD’s research interests will cover automotive, thermal power and aerospace propulsion, besides fire research and microgravity combustion to minor extent.
  • The NCCRD has been established at a total cost of Rs 90 crore.
  • It will develop state-of-the-art capabilities in combustion research involving experts in the country.
  • The establishment of the centre will impart a major boost to the Indian scientific community and will provide an impetus to research in ‘Alternative Energy and Environmental Protection’ by focusing on effective utilisation of combustion as a means of thermo-chemical energy conversion.
  • NCCRD is supported by the state-run Science and Engineering Research Board of Department of Science and Technology (DST).
  • IIT-M Director Bhaskar Ramamurthi said that this centre will play a pivotal role in making sure that India has access to the latest technologies in all these areas.

Sources- Indiatoday.


GS Paper II- International Relations.

Two Indian Ships INS Satpura, INS Kadmatt In Japan For Naval Exercise.



  • Indian Naval Ships Satpura and Kadmatt will participate in an exercise with the Japanese Marine Self Defence Force, the navy said in a statement on 12th October, 2017.
  • INS Satpura and Kadmatt are visiting Sasebo, Japan, from October 12 to 15, 2017. After completing the harbour phase, the ships will take part in Passage Exercise (PASSEX) with the Murusame Class destroyer, JS Kirisame.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The visit of these ships is part the Indian government’s initiatives to strengthen the long-standing, mutually supportive and strong relationship between Japan and India.
  • Since the first ‘Navy to Navy Staff Talks’ between the two nations in November 2008, naval ties have reached new heights with bilateral and multilateral exercises and enhanced cooperation in information sharing, meteorology and oceanography, disaster management and military training.
  • The defence and security interaction between both countries has since expanded to encompass a Defence Policy Dialogue and a Maritime Affairs Dialogue.

Sources- NDTV.


GS Paper III- Security.

Navy Inducts Newest Anti-Submarine Warfare Corvette INS Kiltan.


  • The Indian Navy inducted its newest anti-submarine warfare (ASW) corvette on 16th October, 2017, boosting the force’s capability to detect and target hostile vessels and to provide protection to Indian warships.
  • Defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman commissioned the indigenously built INS Kiltan into the navy at the Naval Dockyard at Visakhapatnam in the presence of navy chief Admiral Sunil Lanba.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • INS Kiltan is the third of the four ASW corvettes to be built under the Rs 7,800-crore Project 28. Its sister ships INS Kamorta and INS Kadmatt have already been commissioned into the navy.
  • The contract to build the corvettes was awarded to Kolkata-based Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers (GRSE) in June 2012. The warships have been designed by the navy’s Directorate of Naval Design.
  • It is the navy’s first major warship to have a superstructure of carbon fibre composite material imported from Sweden, resulting in improved stealth features and lower weight and maintenance costs. INS Kiltan is 100 tonnes lighter than the previous corvettes.
  • INS Kiltan is also the first major warship to have undertaken sea trials of all major weapons and sensors as a pilot project prior to delivery by the shipyard to Indian Navy. It is ready to be operationally deployed.
  • The warship is 109 meters long and 14 meters at the beam. It is propelled by four diesel engines to achieve speeds in excess of 25 knots with an endurance of 3,450 nautical miles. It will be manned by a crew of 13 officers and 178 sailors.
  • INS Kiltan’s weapons include heavy weight torpedoes, ASW rockets, 76 mm caliber medium range gun and two multi-barrel 30 mm guns.
  • The installed propulsion and auxiliary systems provide very low radiated underwater noise feature required for anti-submarine warfare.
  • The ship gets its name from an island in the strategically located Lakshadweep and Minicoy islands.

Sources- Hindustantimes.