‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Parliament & Legislatures regulating law – Centre promises legislation if Supreme Court strikes down triple talaq

Even Islamic theocratic states have move towards reform, but we, a secular state are still debating over it


  • The Centre promised to enact a divorce law for Muslim men if the Supreme Court, as the “guardian of the Constitution,” strikes down all three forms of triple talaq unilaterally pronounced by a Muslim man on his wife.

   Cause of inequality:

  • Beginning his arguments for AIMPLB, senior advocate Kapil Sibal said the root cause for the inequality suffered by Muslim women is not triple talaq but the patriarchy found dominant in society. “But all societies, be it Hindu or Christian, are patriarchal. In a Hindu family, a father can gift his property outside his family. In Muslim law, this cannot be done,” Mr. Sibal said. He opened his submissions saying, “Nothing is permanent, when the time comes the nation will decide.” “Personal laws continue to remain personal in the Constitution. A time will come when the different societies decide that they need to encapsulate their laws into a Uniform Civil Code.

   Hindu Marriage Act:

  • He said the Hindu Marriage Act still protects religious customs and usages. “There is even existence of polyandry. The situation is highly complex and cannot be easily resolved. Over a 160 million people are waiting for Your Lordships to decide,” Mr. Sibal submitted.

   Source: Hindu

‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Issues related to Major crops & Agricultural produce – Grain output up ive times despite climate change: ICAR

India exporting rice worth ₹40,000 crore annually due to scientific application

   What you need to know:

  • India is exporting rice worth ₹ 40,000 crore annually and other food products despite facing massive adverse impact of climate change, said Trilochan Mohapatra, Secretary in the Department of Agriculture Research and Education. Mr. Mohapatra, also the Director General of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, said the massive upswing in food production was possible due to application of science in the agricultural field.
  • He was delivering the keynote address at the 4th Convocation of SOA University recently.
  • The country is facing a situation where the water table has declined as also rainfall by more than 100 mm compared to the1950s; the minimum temperature has risen by 1.6 degrees Celsius and 102 out of the 140 million hectares of cultivable land lies degraded, but food production has increased manifold to feed a population of 1.25 billion people,” Mr. Mohapatra said.
  • It is frightening to note that land is more than 80% deficient in nitrogen, more than 70% deficient in phosphorous and more than 20 to 25% deficient in many micro-nutrients.
  • We lose 16 tones of soil per hectare per year through land erosion,” said the agricultural scientist. Despite these limitations, India’s grain production had increased five times, milk production by 8.5 times, egg production by 43 times and fish production by 13 times since the 1950s. The country’s horticultural produce had gone up three times since the 1990s, Mr. Mohapatra said.
  • This was made possible because we applied science to agriculture which ushered in the green revolution making us self-sufficient and self reliant. It is a huge growth in the face of all these adversities.
  • We applied the science of genetics to grow the largest basmati rice which is being exported and it had made us self-sufficient in wheat now,” he said. Food basket Mr. Mohapatra said a pomegranate farmer in Gujarat was earning a net profit of Rs. 10-15 lakh per year through cultivation of the fruit which had been made possible because of scientific application in agriculture and it indicated as to how India’s food basket was diversified.
  • He emphasizing on integration of research, education and dissemination and application of new knowledge — the main source of agricultural growth in future. The SOA University conferred the honoris causa on Mr. Mohapatra on the occasion.

    Source: News United


‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: National & International Awards & Recognition – Social Services

Krishna Kumari got the Florence Nightingale Award for her outstanding service

    What is important to know about this person & award:

  • Krishna Kumari, a nurse serving at the Rural Community Health Centre of Kukudakhandi in Ganjam district, has been conferred the prestigious Florence Nightingale Award for her outstanding service. She was the only one from Odisha among 35 nurses from across the country who were conferred the award by President Pranab Mukherjee on May 12.
  • The award carries a purse of Rs. 50,000, a certificate, a citation and a medal. Ms. Kumari has decided to spend the award money on philanthropic work. “I will donate the money for the education of children of some deserving orphanage and an old age home,” she said. Because of her passion for social service, people of all ages know her as Krishna Aka of Krishna Apa (Aka and Apa mean sister).
  • People of Kukudakhandi say when they reach Kukudakhandi CHC, they first seek out Krishna Aka/Apa as her presence brings them confidence. Speaking to The Hindu, Ms. Kumari said: “Be it duty hour or not, it is my habit to come out of my official quarter on the CHC premises whenever any needy patient reaches the hospital”. Long hours of nursing service as well as looking after her bed-ridden mother sometimes affects her own health.
  • She hails from a not-so-well-to-do family. Her father was a peon at the Kukudakhandi block office. After completing secondary school, she decided to serve the people of her area. She became an Anganwadi worker in 1982.
  • Later she took up Auxiliary Nurse and Midwife (ANM) training and joined a private hospital. She also contested the panchayat polls and got elected as a panchayat samity member of Kukudakhandi block. She left her post to join as a nurse at the Banthapalli sub-centre of Kukudakhandi CHC in 1999. Tribals and Dalits living in Banthapalli area still remember their ‘Krishna Didi’, who made regular visits on her scooter and worked late into the night. She also has a unique hobby.

   Source: Outlook India