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Paper 2-GS-I, Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

Channakeshava temple in Belur turns 900

History to remember:

  • The temple was constructed by Vishnuvardhana of Hoysala dynasty and is a monument recognised by the ASI.
  • The Channakeshava temple in Belur turned 900 this year. It is a masterpiece of Hoysala architecture.
  • It attracts thousands of tourists from different parts of the country and abroad.
  • Considered to be the first temple of Hoysala style, it was built between 1106 and 1117.
  • It was commissioned by Hoysala king Vishnuvardhana to commemorates victory in 1104.
  • It is believed that soon after winning war, construction was stared and the temple was ready by March 1117.
  • Belur, along with Halebid, is proposed as a UNESCO heritage site. Belur is 40 kilometres from Hassan city.

To mark this moment:

  • It was Mr. Vati, who wrote to various departments, including the ASI, reminding them about the temple’s 900th anniversary and stressed need to commemorate the occasion.
  • The Muzrai Department and Hassan district administration have planned a series of programs.
  • A nine-day event, construction of a memorial and setting up of a school for sculpture are in the offing. 9 day event includes seminars, a sculpture workshop, competitions for college students, and a State-level Bharatanatyam competition.
  • Religious programmes to mark the 900th anniversary of the idol installation were held, attracting hundreds of people.

Source: Times of India

Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

700 medicines made afordable for poor

You should know:

  • The Central government had fixed prices for 700 medicines for the benefit of the people as part of a comprehensive healthcare policy.
  • This will break the monopoly of big medicine outlets.
  • This step will make treatment more affordable and will be saving many lives.
  • Inaugurating a ₹500-crore multi-speciality hospital set up by the diamond merchants of Surat, PM said the government would make sure that the doctors prescribed only generic medicines.
  • The government had given much required attention to preventive healthcare measures through the Swachh Bharat mission, which is a part of promoting preventive healthcare habits.
  • Whether the medical facility is worth ₹500 crore or ₹5,000 crore, it is the family values and diligent efforts that have ultimately anointed it as a blessing for public.

Government stated:

  • Government brought in a health policy after 15 years and capped the prices of medicines and stents, which has angered some pharmaceutical companies.
  • Problem is, Doctors write prescriptions in such a way that poor people do not understand the handwriting, and he has to buy that medicine from private stores at high prices.
  • Solution suggested, government will bring in a legal framework by which if a doctor writes a prescription, he has to write in it that it will be enough for patients to buy generic medicine and he need not buy any other medicine

Source: The Hindu

‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Indian irm’s Zika virus vaccine

Briefing:

  • The Hyderabad-based Bharat Biotech’s ‘killed Zika virus vaccine’ using an African strain has shown 100% efficacy against mortality and disease in animal studies.
  • A ‘killed virus vaccine’ or ‘inactivated vaccine’ contains virus that has been grown in culture and then killed using physical or chemical processes.
  • The vaccine was found to confer 100% protection against infection caused by an Asian Zika virus strain as well as by the African Zika virus strain.

About animal trial:You should know:

  • The Central government had fixed prices for 700 medicines for the benefit of the people as part of a comprehensive healthcare policy.
  • This will break the monopoly of big medicine outlets.
  • This step will make treatment more affordable and will be saving many lives.
  • Inaugurating a ₹500-crore multi-speciality hospital set up by the diamond merchants of Surat, PM said the government would make sure that the doctors prescribed only generic medicines.
  • The government had given much required attention to preventive healthcare measures through the Swachh Bharat mission, which is a part of promoting preventive healthcare habits.
  • Whether the medical facility is worth ₹500 crore or ₹5,000 crore, it is the family values and diligent efforts that have ultimately anointed it as a blessing for public.

Government stated:

  • Government brought in a health policy after 15 years and capped the prices of medicines and stents, which has angered some pharmaceutical companies.
  • Problem is, Doctors write prescriptions in such a way that poor people do not understand the handwriting, and he has to buy that medicine from private stores at high prices.
  • Solution suggested, government will bring in a legal framework by which if a doctor writes a prescription, he has to write in it that it will be enough for patients to buy generic medicine and he need not buy any other medicine.

Source: The Hindu

About animal trial:

  • All the animals that were not vaccinated died eight days after infection by the African strain and 12 days after infection by the Asian strain.
  • Animals that received the vaccine developed Zika-neutralising antibodies on day 14 after the first dose and a week after the second dose.
  • The vaccine was developed using the African strain of the virus. It is important to prove that the vaccine developed with the African strain also protects against Zika infection caused by the contemporary Asian strains of Zika virus.
  • Importing the contemporary Asian strains into the country was difficult, and hence the vaccine challenge studies with Asian strain had to be outsourced to a contact research organisation in the U.S.

Source: Indian Express