GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

PV Sindhu Beats Nozomi Okuhara To Win Korea Open Super Series.


  • India’s PV Sindhu won her third Super Series title beating Nozomi Okuhara 22-20, 11-21, 21-18 in the women’s singles final of the Korea Open in a thrilling encounter in Seoul on Sunday, 17th September, 2017.
  • Sindhu, who had lost to Okuhara in an epic World Badminton Championships final three weeks back, got the better of the eighth seed in an encounter that lasted one hour and 24 minutes.
  • After Okuhara dominated the proceedings early on, Sindhu managed to save two game points and won the first game before being trounced by a ten-point margin in the second. Sindhu, seeded fifth in the tournament, got her act together in the third and the final game to take the title, her second Super Series win this year after India Open.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • This win helped Sindhu level the head-to-head stats against the Japanese 4-4 and in the process also broke Okuhara’s 14-match winning streak.
  • Ajay Jayaram was the first Indian to reach the final of Korea Open in 2015 and Sindhu became the second one but went one step ahead of Jayaram by winning the title.
  • In a close game one, both shuttlers shared the lead often with Sindhu looking more aggressive than Okuhara. Sindhu got on top of the long rallies but Okuhara put up a strong resistance picking up the Sindhu’s smashes with ease. What was interesting to note was Sindhu experimented with the cross court backhand whip and while couple of her attempts went wide, Okuhara found it tough to track the movement.

Sources- The Times Of India.

GS Paper IV- Ethics.

IOC Elects Former United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon To Head Its Ethics Commission.


  • The International Olympic Committee (IOC) elected a new Chair, and elected or re-elected four members of its Ethics Commission during the IOC Session on 15th September, 2017, following a proposal by its Executive Board in July.
  • Achieving greater transparency, good governance, responsibility and strengthening ethics are some of the guiding principles of the IOC Ethics Commission under Olympic Agenda 2020, the IOC’s strategic roadmap for the future of the Olympic Movement.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • IOC President Thomas Bach congratulated Mr Ban on his election as Chair of the IOC Ethics Commission.
  • Independent in its functioning, the Commission is charged with defining and updating a framework of ethical principles, including a Code of Ethics, based upon the values and principles enshrined in the Olympic Charter. In addition, it investigates facts raised in relation to the non-respect of such ethical principles within the framework of the IOC Code of Ethics and, if necessary, proposes measures or sanctions to the IOC Executive Board.
  • Mr Ban replaces outgoing Chair Mr Youssoupha Ndiaye (former President of the Constitutional Court of Senegal).
  • Mr Ban was the eighth Secretary-General of the United Nations, from January 2007 to December 2016. One of Mr Ban’s first actions as Secretary General was to introduce a code of ethics to the organisation, which applies to all employees. An Ethics Committee was established to devise “a unified set of standards and policies” for the entire UN system.
  • Four members were also re-elected or elected to the Commission by the IOC Session for a four-year term: Samuel Schmid, re-elected for a final term (lawyer and former President of the Swiss Confederation); Hanqin Xue, People’s Republic of China, elected for a four-year term (judge at the International Court of Justice); and IOC Members Robin Mitchell and Angela Ruggiero.
  • Composed of nine members, the Commission includes four IOC Members, of whom one is a representative of the IOC Athletes’ Commission, and five independent personalities, including the Chair.

Sources- Swim Swam.


GS Paper III- Security.

Rajnath Singh Operationalises SSB Intelligence Wing Along Bhutan, Nepal Border On 18th September, 2017.



  • Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh operationalises the Sashastra Seema Bal’s  (SSB) first ever intelligence wing on Monday, 18th September.
  • The paramilitary force guards India’s borders with Bhutan and Nepal, which are often used by criminals and Kashmiri militants returning from Pakistan. The intelligence wing have 650 field and staff agents to gather actionable information.
  • Due to the visa-free regime India has with Nepal and Bhutan, there is a trans-border movement of criminals and anti-national elements which pose a major challenge, the home ministry official said.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • As many as 230 former Kashmiri militants, based in Pakistan and Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir, have returned home through the India-Nepal border since 2010. Also, their spouses and 88 children have come along with them.
  • The India-Bhutan border is known to be frequented by the Assam-based insurgent group NDFB, which has even attacked Bhutanese nationals in the past.
  • India shares a 1,751 kilometre long border with Nepal and a 699 kilometre long border with Bhutan.
  • The SSB has also been declared as the lead intelligence agency for both the borders. Thus, the central government felt that a well-knit intelligence network of the highest capability that can function and deliver would be the prime requirement for comprehensive border management.
  • The SSB has been mandated to guard the India-Nepal and India-Bhutan borders where there are no restrictions on the movement of people on either side. The border population on both the sides has strong regional, cultural and economic ties.
  • The SSB has 474 Border Out Posts (BOPs) on the Nepal border and 131 on the Bhutan border. The border with Nepal touches Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Sikkim and the border with Bhutan touches Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh.


Sources- Firstpost.