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GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Viswanathan Anand Wins Bronze At World Blitz Chess Championship.

Background-

  • Viswanathan Anand continued his excellent run bagging a bronze in the World Blitz Chess Championship following his gold winning performance in the Rapid section only a couple of days back.
  • After ending the first day of the Blitz category on a disappointing note when he suffered a loss at the hands of Ian Nepomniachtchi of Russia, Anand was a class act on the final day as he won against Maxime Vachier-Lagrave of France.
  • World Classical champion Magnus Carlsen of Norway proved his mettle as he carved out win after win on the final day.

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Coming into the final day, Carlsen had seven points from eleven rounds and the champion ended with an overall tally of sixteen points scoring a whopping 9/10 on the final day.
  • Anand too had seven points and his 7.5 points in the last 10 games was good enough for a tied 2nd place with Sergey Karjakin of Russia.
  • Karjakin was a bit out of shape as he could muster just 5.5 points on the final day and ended on 14.5 points like Anand.
  • This truly was a remarkable effort from Anand who had finished last in the London Chess Classic earlier this month (December, 2017).
  • The five-time World Champion in Classical category proved his detractors wrong and has now finished the year on a real high.
  • Anand started the 12th round with a victory over Etienne Bacrot of France and also defeated Vladimir Fedoseev of Russia, Baadur Jobava of Georgia and Tigran Petrosian of Armenia.
  • The icing on the cake however was the tense final round where Anand yet again showed his steely nerves to beat Vachier Lagrave.
  • Carlsen simply demolished everyone who crossed his path. The Norwegian had a two-point lead coming in to the final round and a draw with Aronian secured his gold medal with 1.5 points lead.
  • Among other Indians in the fray, P Harikrishna and Vidit Gujrathi did well to end on 12.5 points apiece, B Adhiban ended on 11 while Surya Shekhar Ganguly and S P Sethuraman finished with 10 points apiece.

Sources- TOI.

 

GS Paper II- Governance, Polity.

Parliament Passes Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Second Amendment Bill, 2017 To Protect Unauthorised Colonies, Slums In Delhi.

 

Background

  • Parliament on 28th December, 2017 passed a bill to protect slums and unauthorised colonies in the national capital region from punitive action till a framework for orderly arrangements are in place.
  • The National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Second (Amendment) Bill, passed by Lok Sabha on 28th, gives immunity to slums and some unauthorised constructions till December 31, 2020. The immunity under the existing Bill ends on December 31, 2017.
  • Replying to a debate on the measure, Urban Development Minister Hardeep Singh Puri said if the Bill is not passed, it will lead to “unprecedented chaos” in the national capital which has witnessed an influx of over 6 lakh people per annum.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The Bill seeks to amend the National Capital Territory of Delhi Laws (Special Provisions) Second Act, 2011.
  • The 2011 Act provides for relocating slum dwellers and Jhuggi-Jhompri clusters in accordance with the provisions of the Delhi Shelter Improvement Board Act, 2010 and the Master Plan for Delhi, 2021; regulating street vendors in accordance with the policy for street vendors outlined in the Master Plan for Delhi, 2021; regularising unauthorised colonies, village aabaadi areas (and their extensions); creating a policy for farm houses constructed beyond permissible limits, and creating a policy or plan for all other areas of the National Capital Territory of Delhi in keeping with the Master Plan for Delhi, 2021.
  • The legislation will give cover against punitive action on “as is where is basis” until December 2020. There were seven categories of unauthorised colonies and each of them had separate cut-off points and dates.
  • The Delhi Government had given an affidavit before the High Court seeking two-year extension to complete the work and the Centre has been left with no option than to seek one more year to ward off the ‘Sword of Damocles’ hanging on the poor.
  • The population of Delhi in 1947 was less than 10 lakh, which swelled to 16 lakh in 1951 and stands at 186 lakh.
  • Union minister Vijay Goel said the city was sitting on a volcano and there was no planning as the number of unauthorised colonies has swelled to over 2,000 due to the lackadaisical approach of the AAP government.
  • He said unauthorised construction was rampant and such multi-storeyed houses were not safe in earthquakes.
  • Replying to concerns expressed by member on lack of spaces for artisans to perform their arts, Mr Puri assured that they will be provided modern accommodation and a dedicated space for them will be provided to perform their arts.

Sources- The Hindu.

 

GS Paper III- Security.

India Successfully Test-Fires Supersonic Interceptor Missile.

Background

  • India on 28th December, 2017 successfully test-fired its indigenously developed Advanced Air Defence (AAD) supersonic interceptor missile, capable of destroying any incoming ballistic missile in low altitude, from a test range in Odisha.
  • This was the third supersonic interceptor test carried out this year (2017) in which an incoming ballistic missile target was successfully intercepted, within 30 km altitude of the earth’s atmosphere by an interceptor.
  • It was a direct hit and grand success, Defence sources said after the test launch.
  • The earlier two tests were conducted on March 1 and February 11, 2017, as part of efforts to have a full-fledged multi-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • This test was conducted to validate various parameters of the interceptor in flight mode and it was all success.
  • The target missile– a Prithvi missile– was launched from launch complex 3 of the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur near Balasore.
  • After getting signals by tracking radars, the interceptor AAD missile, positioned at Abdul Kalam Island –previously known as Wheeler Island — in the Bay of Bengal, roared through its trajectory to destroy the hostile target missile in mid-air in an endo-atmospheric altitude, defence sources said.
  • The interceptor is a 7.5-meter long single stage solid rocket propelled guided missile equipped with a navigation system, a hi-tech computer and an electro-mechanical activator.
  • The state-of-the-art interceptor missile has its own mobile launcher, secure data link for interception, independent tracking and homing capabilities and sophisticated radars.

Sources- Indiatoday.