GS Paper I- Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

As jallikattu protests snowball, TN to shut down

What’s Happening-
A sea of protesters massed on Chennai’s Marina.
Demanding that the Centre and the Tamil Nadu government take legal steps to hold jallikattu.
The State prepared itself for a shutdown on Friday as trade unions, traders, hoteliers and others in the service sector announced a dawn-to-dusk bandh in support.

Key Points discussed were:

  • Film industry icon A.R. Rahman and chess wizard Viswanathan Anand voiced their support for the bull-taming sport.
  • Some District Collectors announced a holiday for schools in south Tamil Nadu, and in Chennai.
  • Colleges are already shut in the capital.

Asserting identity:

  • In the city of scorching summers, thousands of people, predominantly students pressed on with their strong uprising against the Centre to redeem ‘Tamil identity and culture.’
  • The State government is under fire for failing to uphold Tamil rights.
  • What started as a social media protest for jallikattu turned into a massive movement — peaceful, self-regulated and leaderless.

Women, children also join

  • Families, women and children joined the students on the Marina (similar to anti-Hindi agitation in the 1960s).
  • The protesters kept politicians at a distance, fearing they would gain mileage out of the spontaneous protests that were driven by media, social media.

Jallikattu also known as eru thazhuvuthal.
It is a traditional spectacle in which a  bull, such as the Pulikulam,  breeds, is released into a crowd of people.
and multiple human participants attempt to grab the large hump on the bull’s back with both arms and hang on to it while the bull attempts to escape.
Participants hold the hump for as long as possible, attempting to bring the bull to a stop.
In some cases, participants must ride long enough to remove flags on the bull’s horns.
Jallikattu is typically practised in the Indian state of  as a part of   celebrations on  day.

Sources- The Indian Express, The Hindu, MEA.

GS Paper II- International Relations.

Indian data protection norms insufficient: report

What’s Happening-
Indian data protection laws are inadequate and only address some of the security, privacy and other issues addressed by similar laws in other countries.

Key Pints discussed were:

  • The report, authored by Sreenidhi Srinivasan and Namrata Mukherjee, research fellows at Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, analyzed the current rules and norms in place for data protection.
  • At a time when India is seeking to develop as a digital economy, it is imperative to have in place an effective regime for protection of personal information,” .
  • India is pushing digital (and cashless) transactions, some linked to the biometrics-based Aadhaar number which has been assigned to around a billion Indians by the Unique Identification Authority of India.
  • The paper compared the Indian data protection regime with international ones and found it lacking on several counts.
  • The paper identified a lack of a statute expressly recognizing privacy rights of an individual and rights over their personal data, especially in an interplay with non-state actors and firms.

What is Sensitive personal data:

  • such as passwords, financial information (bank account, credit card, debit card and other payment instrument details), medical records and history, sexual orientation, physical and mental health, and biometric information.

Way Ahead:
Data protection should be given to all personal data and not merely sensitive personal data (the first includes passwords, financial information, health conditions, medical history, sexual orientation, biometric information).
seeking consent of individuals before collecting all personal information.
Government departments handling personal data or information will have to ensure that end-users are made aware of the data usage and collection and their consent is taken either in writing or electronically, according to new guidelines issued by the government for security of personal data.
Sensitive personal data cannot be stored by agencies without encryption, say the guidelines issued by the ministry of electronics and information technology.