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‘’Paper 2-GS-I, Topic: Issues of Social Empowerment – Madrasa students to get skill training

Move expected to improve their employability in West Asian countries

   Brief:

  • Madrasa students in Rajasthan will be trained in modern occupations through mobilisation camps in order to improve their skills in subjects such as computer literacy, Arabic data processing and handicraft export.
  • The move is expected to improve their employability in West Asian countries and will be applicable to students who have passed out and dropouts.
  • A proposal to link Madrasa students with various skills training programmes was made at a meeting of the Department of Skills, Employment and Entrepreneurship (SEE) with the Rajasthan Madrasa Board, Tayyab Trust and a vocational training institute here on Friday.

   Skills training:

  • It is of good quality, especially to girls, would help the Madrasa students get decent placements in the country and abroad in view of their command over Urdu and Arabic languages, SEE Commissioner Krishna Kunal said.
  • These trades include Urdu journalism, translation, community counselling, paralegal assistance, handicraft export consultancy and Arabic data processing.
  • In addition to the mobilisation camps, migration support centres will also be developed with the help of the Tayyab Trust to counsel and support the minority youths migrating from rural to urban areas in search of employment.
  • The department has invited a detailed proposal from the Madrasa Board and Tayyab Trust for finalising the training programme.

   Source: Times of India

 

‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Development of Science & Technology – GSLV: too late for changing times

It may be ISRO’s short-lived rocket, not its primary satellite vehicle as planned

   What you need to know:

  • The GSLV space vehicle’s quiet but laudable success earlier this month could be a small solace that has come too late for the Indian Space Research Organisation.
  • The late bloomer may even be a short-lived intermediate rocket instead of being ISRO’s primary satellite vehicle as it was planned, as a few ISRO old-timers and industry watchers privately suggest.

   Adds to reliability:

  • Its fine feat of putting the South Asia Satellite perfectly to space on May 5 no doubt adds to the GSLV’s reliability.
  • But ISRO actually needed this achievement at least a good decade ago, when it was still building and using 2,000-2,500-kg communication spacecraft for its own use.
  • The GSLV was conceived in the early 1990s to launch Indian communication satellites of 2,000-kg class to an initial and later adjusted distance from Earth, called the ‘GTO’ (geosynchronous transfer orbit).
  • This rocket took about 25 years and 11 flights to be fully realised. GSLV F-09 of May 5 was the fourth to click in a row. The GSLV is caught in a glaring mismatch: it cannot lift India’s bigger satellites; and the size that it can lift is out of fashion and does not make economic sense.
  • As to why the GSLV could not rise sooner to the occasion, the external geopolitical reasons beyond the agency are well known now. While ISRO was perfecting the GSLV and falling behind schedule with the rocket’s crucial cryogenic stage, it progressed on the spacecraft side and upgraded the communication satellites to 3,000-plus kg in 2005.
  • This was done to pack more punch (or transponders) per spacecraft. It would be roughly 24 regular transponders for 2,000 kg; 36 transponders for 3,000 kg and 48 transponders in a four-tonner.
  • Replying to a query from The Hindu, Gagan Agrawal, analyst with the U.S.-based space industry consulting firm Northern Sky Research, said: “The communications satellite market is consistently looking at payload sizes greater than four tonnes and the question remains whether the GSLV MKIII can cater to the market.
  • ISRO’s smaller PSLV rocket has made a niche in the world market for light lifts. For the GSLV, there may not be many commercial customers requiring its service.

    Source: Hindustan Times

 

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Effects of Policies & Bilateral Agreement – Survival of newborns: India ranks lower than Somalia

India falls 11 places, holds 154th position in Global Burden of Disease rankings

   What you need to know:

  • Newborns in India have a lesser chance of survival than babies born in Afghanistan and Somalia, according to the latest Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study published in the medical journal The Lancet.
  • In the GBD rankings for healthcare access and quality (HAQ), India has fallen 11 places, and now ranks 154 out of 195 countries. Further, India’s healthcare index of 44.8 is the lowest among the sub-continental countries, as Sri Lanka (72.8), Bangladesh (51.7), Bhutan (52.7), and Nepal (50.8) all fared better.
  • The top-ranked nation was Andorra with an overall score of 95 and the lowestranked nation was Central African Republic at 29. India’s downward slide in the rankings indicates that it has failed to achieve health care targets, especially those concerning neonatal disorders, maternal health, tuberculosis, and rheumatic heart disease.
  • Last year, India was ranked 143 among 188 countries. In the case of neonatal mortality, on a scale of 1 to 100, India scored 14 in the HAQ index, while Afghanistan scored 19/100 and Somalia, 21/100. Access to tuberculosis treatment in India was scored 26 out of 100, lower than Pakistan (29), Congo (30) and Djibouti (29).
  • For diabetes, chronic kidney diseases, and congenital heart diseases, India scored 38, 20, and 45, respectively. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors study is put together by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), an independent population health research centre associated with the University of Washington, along with a consortium of 2,300 researchers in more than 130 countries.
  • The HAQ Index is based on death rates from 32 ailments that could be avoided by timely medical intervention.

   Quality disturbing:

  • What we have found about health care access and quality is disturbing,” said Dr. Christopher Murray, senior author of the study and Director of IHME. “Having a strong economy does not guarantee good health care. Having great medical technology doesn’t either. As the world’s government’s move ahead to implement the goal of universal health coverage, to which they have committed in the Sustainable Development Goals, these data will provide a necessary baseline from which they can track progress.

   Source: The Hindu