GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

UNHCR To Get Mother Teresa Award 2017 For Social Justice.

Background-

  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has been named as the recipient of the Mother Teresa Memorial Award for Social Justice, 2017 as an acknowledgement of its exceptional work worldwide, it was announced on 9th November, 2017.
  • The UNHCR provides humanitarian aid to innumerable people internally displaced by conflicts and helping stateless people all over the world, said Harmony Foundation Chairman Abraham Mathai, which has instituted the only official award in memory of Mother Teresa, who attained sainthood in September 2016.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Referring to Harmony Foundation’s theme for 2017 – Compassion Beyond Borders, Abraham Mathai said UNHCR epitomizes the theme so beautifully with the sheer bravery of its workers and volunteers who tirelessly work in crisis areas globally.
  • Instituted in 2005, the Mother Teresa Memorial Award for Social Justice will be presented to the UNHCR at a function on December 10, 2017 celebrating the unique legacy and global imprint of the woman known as the Saint of The Gutters during her lifetime.
  • As part of the awards ceremony, a Harmony International Conference to create awareness and action in the international community will be organized that day, with the participation of leaders from different fields.
  • Some of the past awardees include The Dalai Lama, Malala Yousefzai, Medicine Sans Frontiers, Anna Hazare, Colin Gonsalves, among many other individuals and organisations working in different fields in India and globally.

Sources- Business-Standard.

 

GS Paper II- Governance.

Environment Ministry Forms 7-Member Panel To Find Solutions To Air Pollution In Delhi-NCR.

Background

  • Responding to public pressure, the Union environment ministry on 9th November, 2017 formed a seven-member committee headed by environment secretary, to formulate short and long-term measures to solve the problem of air pollution in the Delhi-NCR region.
  • The committee will include the secretary, department of science & technology, secretary, department of biotechnology, the additional secretary of the Niti Aayog, chief secretary of Delhi, the chairman, Central Pollution Control Board and a representative of Vidhi Centre for Legal Policy, a policy think-tank.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The committee is expected to meet at “regular” intervals.
  • Delhi’s air quality plunged this week with the air quality index (AQI), which measures the concentration of pollutants in the air, 465 on 9th November morning, indicating severe levels of pollution.
  • Delhi’s air quality remains poor throughout winter because of a combination of natural and man-made causes.
  • Air pollution in this region is heavily impacted by various activities in neighbouring states, including crop burning, the operation of industries and the inflow of traffic. CPCB, the apex pollution regulator, was asked to continuously monitor the situation.
  • Many different agencies like the environment ministry, the CPCB, the Supreme Court and the EPCA have issued directions for tackling the air pollution problem, but implementation has been lax.
  • The committee will ensure that the measures are implemented and the hotspots where pollution is a major problem are regularly surveyed to monitor the situation.

Sources- Hindustantimes.

 

GS Paper III- Bio-Diversity.

Butterfly Conservatory Park To Come Up In Gurugram.

Background

  • North India’s biggest Butterfly Conservatory Park, the foundation stone for which was laid on 11th November, 2017, will be set up in Haryana’s Gurugram district to save species under threat from rapid urbanisation from going extinct.
  • Butterflies thrive on flowering plants. The park will be of scientific importance and be a green area in Gurugram.
  • The park’s purpose is to conserve depleting species of butterflies because of the massive urbanisation in the area.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The park is being developed in association with an NGO, Uthaan, and construction will be completed in about a year. The facility will have an information-cum-demo center and a larvae and pupae area.
  • Cluster plots having host plant and nector plant species, green house for in house propagation, a floral park, nursery area and a glow worm conservation area will also be developed, the release said.
  • So far, about 15 indigenous species have been identified in a survey team in this area. The endeavour is to create a natural condition conducive for multiplication.
  • The release said that this can be achieved by providing good host plants round the year and preventing pests from eating larvae and eggs.

Sources- The New Indian Express.