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Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Minister of State (IC) for Labour & Employment Presents NSCI Safety Awards – 2016 to 70 Organisations

To be noted:

  • National Safety Council’s ‘NSCI Safety Awards’ for the year 2016 were presented in New Delhi today i.e. 20 April 2017.
  • Government said,
  • The Union Government is committed to the safety, health and welfare of the working class, said the Minister of State (Independent charge) for Labour and Employment.
  • 70 organisations have been awarded in four categories.
  • 1. SarvaShreshtha Suraksha Puraskar, 2. Shreshtha Suraksha Puraskar, 3. Suraksha Puraskar and 4. PrashansaPatra.

Reforms in labor law:

  • As a part of legislative reforms of labour laws, the Centre has started a process of codification and amalgamation of 44 Central Labour Laws into four Codes in order to simplify them.

  • They are: Code on Wages, Code on Industrial Relations, Code on Social security & Welfare, and Code on Safety & working conditions.
  • As a founder member of the International Labour Organization India has contributed immensely in formulation and implementation of labour standards. So far India has ratified 45 Conventions and 1 protocol of ILO.
  • The Government declared the National Policy on Occupational Safety, Health and Environment at Workplace in the year 2009,
  • Since then a number of developments have taken place in national as well as international arena in the field of science and technology, trade and commerce, economy and environment.
  • To review the National Policy an Inter-Ministerial Committee has been constituted.
  • Congratulating the winners of the Safety awards the award presenter said that none of the winners had a fatal accident during the 3-year assessment period while 41 of them did not have a single reportable accident.
  • Fact to know,
  • National Fertilizers Ltd. Panipat achieved 49.67 million accident-free man-hours spread over 11 years and 5 months which is an impressive achievement.

Source: PIB

Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Minister of State (IC) for Labour & Employment Presents NSCI Safety Awards – 2016 to 70 Organisations

To be noted:

  • National Safety Council’s ‘NSCI Safety Awards’ for the year 2016 were presented in New Delhi today i.e. 20 April 2017.
  • Government said,
  • The Union Government is committed to the safety, health and welfare of the working class, said the Minister of State (Independent charge) for Labour and Employment.
  • 70 organisations have been awarded in four categories.
  • 1. SarvaShreshtha Suraksha Puraskar, 2. Shreshtha Suraksha Puraskar, 3. Suraksha Puraskar and 4. PrashansaPatra.

Reforms in labor law:

  • As a part of legislative reforms of labour laws, the Centre has started a process of codification and amalgamation of 44 Central Labour Laws into four Codes in order to simplify them.

  • They are: Code on Wages, Code on Industrial Relations, Code on Social security & Welfare, and Code on Safety & working conditions.

  • As a founder member of the International Labour Organization India has contributed immensely in formulation and implementation of labour standards. So far India has ratified 45 Conventions and 1 protocol of ILO.

  • The Government declared the National Policy on Occupational Safety, Health and Environment at Workplace in the year 2009,
  • Since then a number of developments have taken place in national as well as international arena in the field of science and technology, trade and commerce, economy and environment.
  • To review the National Policy an Inter-Ministerial Committee has been constituted.
  • Congratulating the winners of the Safety awards the award presenter said that none of the winners had a fatal accident during the 3-year assessment period while 41 of them did not have a single reportable accident.
  • Fact to know,
  • National Fertilizers Ltd. Panipat achieved 49.67 million accident-free man-hours spread over 11 years and 5 months which is an impressive achievement.

Source: PIB

Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States

Govt. trying to inish of rural employment scheme’

You should know:

  • From illegal deletion of 1 crore job cards, to manipulation of the Management Information System, wilful delays in payment of wages, wage suppression, and under-funding of the programme, the Central government is trying its best to undermine and “finish off” the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
  • Seeing recent media reports, the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan (MKSS) said:
  • There is still no consolidated list of job cards that have been deleted. We don’t know what methodology was adopted for this verification drive, and no reason has been offered for terming a job card fake.

Also note:

  • According to the MGNREGA, no job card can be cancelled for reasons such as ‘unwilling to work’.
  • Yet the records at gram panchayats show that the most frequently cited reason for deletion of job cards was ‘unwilling to work’. This is a violation of the Ministry of Rural Development’s own guidelines.
  • If it is true that 1 crore job cards were found to be fake, how come no criminal action has been taken against even a single government officer for perpetrating the fraud.
  • Job cards that could not be linked to Aadhar have been summarily deleted, so that the bureaucracy could claim to have met the statistical target of 100% Aadhar seeding of job cards.

Activist claims:

  • Government does not want to spend money on MGNREGA.
  • That’s why it has been under-funding the programme, as reflected in the inadequate funds allotted for it. While the required budget for financial year 2017-18 was ₹79,898 crore, the government allocated only ₹48,000 crore, which is barely 53% of what is required to meet the States’ projection of demand for work under MGNREGA.
  • Workers registered with MGNREGS are entitled to compensation for delay in payment of wages. But the government is tweaking the MIS so that the delays are either hidden or not captured.
  • The Central government’s MGNREGA wage rates continue to be below the State’s minimum wage rate for several States

Source: The Hindu

Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources

Nod for purchase of VVPAT machines

PM’s statement:

  • That after the recent election results, an unnecessary issue has been raised [on EVMs]. He called it a manufactured controversy. Today, if after losing, you start blaming machines, machines don’t become bad.

SC orders:

  • The Supreme Court in an order dated 8th October, 2013 had directed that Government of India may provide required financial assistance for procurement of requisite number of VVPAT units for implementation in phased manner.
  • Overall, 16,15,000 machines are needed and if the order is placed in April 2017, then the machines can be delivered by September 2018.

Important to know:

  • Naturally, for all the elections thereafter, all polling booths will have a paper trail along with electronic voting machines. The Election Commission has been demanding this and the Union Cabinet has approved it after detailed deliberations.
  • Chief Election Commissioner (CEC) Nasim Zaidi had last year written to Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the issue, and had also urged the Union Law Ministry last week to urgently release funds, given the “prevailing environment”, to facilitate procurement of VVPAT machines for the conduct of the 2019 Lok Sabha elections.
  • The EC had informed the government that if the order for the machines was not placed by February, it would become difficult for the manufacturers to supply them by September 2018, to meet the requirement of the next general elections.
  • Around 20,300 units were purchased in 2013, after the election conduct rules were changed to allow the use of VVPATs.
  • 67,000 more units were ordered in 2015, half of which have been supplied by now.

Recent happenings:

  • The Commission had recently received a memorandum from 16 parties demanding that the paper ballot system be reintroduced for greater transparency.
  • Of the Rs. 3,173.47 crore approved by the government for these machines, about Rs. 1,600 crore will be allocated this year and the balance will be disbursed in 2018-19.
  • Two public sector firms, Bharat Electronics Limited and Electronics Corporation of India, are entrusted with producing these machines. Both have indicated that they can deliver the order by next September if it is placed this month.

Source: Indian Express