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GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Nigerian Lawyer Zannah Mustapha Gets Top UN Peace Prize.

Background-

  • A Nigerian lawyer who helped secure the release of more than 100 schoolgirls kidnapped by Boko Haram was awarded one of the United Nations’ top prizes on Monday, 18th September, 2017.
  • The UNHCR said Zannah Mustapha was given the annual Nansen award for his “crucial mediating” role as well as his work helping children affected by the long-running conflict.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • Mr. Mustapha, who is in his late-50s, said the award was unexpected but he was “exceedingly happy” to have been chosen. “I look forward to being a worthy ambassador… for such a noble award,” he said.
  • Mr. Mustapha set up The Future Prowess Islamic Foundation School 10 years ago, which has since proved a lifeline for children in conflict-riven and impoverished northeast Nigeria.
  • Mustapha founded a school in 2007 in Maiduguri – the capital of Borno State and the epicentre of the Boko Haram insurgency. The school has stayed open throughout the conflict with Boko Haram, which has seen some 20,000 killed across the Lake Chad region, and millions more displaced. The school provides a free education, as well as free meals, uniforms and health care, to children affected by violence.
  • The primary school has 540 pupils — more than half of them girls. Students include the children of Boko Haram fighters and Nigerian soldiers.
  • Mr. Mustapha is a well-known figure in northeast Nigeria having previously represented the family of Mohammed Yusuf, the founder of Boko Haram who died in police custody in 2009.

 

Sources- The Hindu.

 

GS Paper II- International Relations.

Sushma Arrives In New York To Attend UNGA Meet On 18th September, 2017.

Background

  • External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj arrived in New York on 18th September, 2017 to represent India at the annual United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) session with a packed schedule of super diplomacy among an array of world leaders.
  • During her week-long stay, Ms. Swaraj, leading a high-powered Indian delegation, is expected to hold about 20 bilateral and trilateral meetings with leaders attending the session.
  • She was received at the airport by the Indian Ambassador to the United States Navtej Sarna, and India’s permanent Representative to the United Nations Syed Akbaruddin.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Ms. Swaraj would kick off her official engagement later in the day with a trilateral meeting with her American and Japanese counterparts Rex Tillerson, and Taro Kono respectively.
  • Aimed at lending momentum to cooperation among the three countries, the meeting also turns significant amid China flexing its muscles in the region.
  • In a day jam-packed with consecutive meetings, Ms. Swaraj will also participate in a high-level meeting on UN reforms, hosted by the US and chaired by president Donald Trump.
  • India is among the 120 countries who have supported the reform efforts of the UN Secretary General.
  • India has said that the UN reforms need to be “broad-based and all-encompassing” and the changes should not be restricted to its Secretariat only.
  • In a preview of the Ms. Swaraj’s engagements during her week-long stay in the US, Akbaruddin had said that issues of climate change, terrorism, people centric migration and peacekeeping are other key focus areas for India this year. She will also participate in a special panel of selected countries by the UN Secretary General on climate action.

Sources- The Hindu.

 

GS Paper III- Disaster Management.

India Sends Relief Materials For Rohingya Refugees In Bangladesh.

 

Background

  • India on Thursday, 14th September, 2017 sent 53 tonnes of relief materials to Bangladesh for Rohingya refugees from Myanmar, who poured into this country following the ethnic violence in the neighbouring Buddhist-majority nation.
  • The first consignment of India’s assistance comes days after Dhaka briefed New Delhi about the problems arising due to the influx of Rohingya refugees.
  • Bangladesh High Commissioner in New Delhi Syed Muazzem Ali had met Foreign Secretary S. Jaishankar last week and discussed the issue of Rohingya in detail.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • In the Operation Insaniyat, the relief material consists of items required urgently by the affected people, namely rice, pulses, sugar, salt, cooking oil, tea, ready to eat noodles, biscuits, mosquito nets etc.
  • India will provide 7,000 tonnes of relief materials to Bangladesh.
  • Bangladesh’s Road Transport`Minister Obaidul Quader received the materials from Indian High Commissioner Harsh Vardhan Shringla after an Indian aircraft carrying the assistance landed at southeastern port city of Chittagong.
  • The mission said Quader likened the aid to India’s assistance to Bangladesh during the 1971 Liberation War.
  • Bangladesh, which is facing a big influx of Rohingya from Myanmar, has called on the international community to intervene and put pressure on Myanmar to address the exodus.
  • According to the UN estimates, over 379,000 Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar’s Rakhine state into Bangladesh since August 25 when a fresh wave of violence erupted.
  • According to media reports, the violence began when Rohingya militants attacked police posts in Myanmar’s northern Rakhine state.
  • Rohingya residents — a stateless mostly-Muslim minority in a Buddhist-majority nation — allege that the military and Rakhine Buddhists responded with a brutal campaign against them, according to the reports.
  • Bangladesh had earlier said the new influx of Rohingya refugees is an unbearable additional burden on the country which has been hosting around 400,000 Myanmar nationals who had to leave their country in the past due to communal violence and repeated military operations.

Sources- The Hindu.