‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Important aspects of e-governance and other measures – New system to catalogue library books

A fully computerized system introduced

    What you need to know:

  • In a decision which may adversely affect the marketing of Indian books in other countries, the Ministry of Culture (MoC) has decided to merge the functions of the Central Reference Library (CRL) with the National Library.
  • The CRL, located in the National Library campus in Kolkata, is responsible for the publication and sale of the Indian National Bibliography (INB).
  • The INB is the list of all books published in India annually and is the key source for foreign libraries to know about the books published in India.
  • The Secretary (Culture) has directed that the work of cataloguing (National Library) and bibliography (CRL), should be merged…” the Under Secretary of MoC N.K.Sinha stated in a letter to the head Librarian of CRL and the Director General of the National Library.


  • As for the purpose of the merger of two institutions’ functions, the letter states that it will “reduce duplicity [the same book being catalogued twice by both institutes] and speed up the process of accession.
  • Unlike the ISBN system, which requires the unique number assigned to the book, the more convenient IBN enables the search for a book with the names of authors, language or subject matter.
  • With the possible disruption in the publication of the INB, it may become difficult for a foreign reader/ buyer to search for books published in India as they may not be having the ISBN number.
  • The MoC has set a target of “9,000 books per month (250 per person)” to be catalogued by the staff of both the institutes.
  • CRL has to catalogue 3,000 books and the National Library 6,000 books monthly target, respectively.

    Source: The Hindu


‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Infrastructure development in ships & ports – First indigenously built loating dock launched

Enhances Navy’s capability in repair, maintenance of ships

    What is important to know:

  • The Indian Navy’s first indigenously built floating dock (FDN-2), developed by Larsen & Toubro Ltd. (L&T), was launched at L&T’s shipyard in Kattupalli.
  • The floating dock is 185 metres long and 40 metres wide and will enable docking of all kinds of vessels, including Naval ships and submarines (excepting aircraft carriers and tankers) of up to 8,000 tonnes displacement, with draughts of up to seven metres, during both day and night.
  • The Navy already has one floating dock; this would be its second such facility, Vice Admiral D.M. Deshpande, Controller of Warship Production and Acquisition, Indian Navy, told reporters after his wife, Anjali Deshpande, launched the dock. FDN-2 will be based in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and will enhance the Navy’s technical repair infrastructure.


  • We already have a floating dry dock there. We are looking at expansion in Port Blair, and therefore the number of assets in terms of ships and submarines operating from there, as well as for the ships which are based there.
  • This (FDN-2) adds much more capability and flexibilty to undertake repair and maintenance works,” Mr. Deshpande said. FDN-2 was designed and built by L&T at a cost of ₹468 crore.
  • This is L&T’s first Naval order. “It will be delivered in two to three months at Port Blair,” said B. Kannan, head of shipbuilding, L&T.
  • It was 100% designed in-house. It’s a big utility vessel with special functions. We will do trials at sea both at Kattupalli and Port Blair,” he said.

Source: Times of India


‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Awareness in the field of Space – NASA finds 10 Earth-sized exoplanets

The NASA Kepler mission has discovered 219 more exoplanets, including 10 Earth-size planets, program scientist Mario Perez said Monday at NASA’s Ames Research Center in California.


  • NASA revealed 10 new rocky, Earth-sized planets that could potentially have liquid water and support life.
  • The Kepler mission team released a survey of 219 potential exoplanets — planets outside of our solar system — that had been detected by the space observatory launched in 2009 to scan the Milky Way galaxy.
  • Ten of the new discoveries were orbiting their suns at a distance similar to the Earth’s orbit around the sun, the so-called habitable zone that could potentially have liquid water and sustain life.


  • Kepler has already discovered 4,034 potential exoplanets, 2,335 of which have been confirmed by other telescopes as actual planets.
  • The 10 new Earthsize planets bring the total to 50 that exist in habitable zones around the galaxy.
  • The latest findings were released at the Fourth Kepler and K2 science conference being held this week at NASA’s Ames research centre in California.
  • The telescope detects the presence of planets by registering minuscule drops in a star’s brightness.

   Source: The Independent