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‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Development of Application in Science & Technology – Indian EVMs far superior: EC

CEC Nasim Zaidi reiterates tamper-proof features of standalone machines

    Brief:

  • Seeking to dispel the doubts about Electronic Voting Machine (EVM) security, the Election Commission on Saturday reiterated that the device being a standalone machine could not be hacked and that it was far superior to those manufactured abroad.
  • Indian manufacturers have supplied EVMs to Namibia, Nepal and Bhutan. Several other countries, including Australia, Russia, Afghanistan, Nigeria and Bulgaria, have also shown interest in the product, the EC said.
  • At a press conference, Chief Election Commissioner Nasim Zaidi said the EC’s machines — manufactured by two public sector undertakings, Bharat Electronic Limited and Electronics Corporation of India — do not have any frequency receiver or data decoder for wireless signaling.
  • He also ruled out any manipulation at the manufacturing stage due to very stringent security protocol on software security. “The machines have been manufactured in different years starting from 1989. After manufacturing, EVMs are sent by the EC to States and districts.
  • The manufacturers are in no position to know several years ahead which candidate will be contesting from a particular constituency and what will be the sequence of candidates on the ballot unit.
  • Therefore, they cannot manipulate EVMs in a pre-determined manner…,” he said. Results cannot be altered the results cannot be altered even by activating any malicious software as the chip used is only one-time programmable.
  • The control unit activates the ballot unit for only one key press at a time; any additional key pressed is not sensed and this makes it impossible to send signals by pressing a sequence of keys or secret codes. Dr. Zaidi said due to digital signatures of manufacturers on the components, they cannot be changed without getting noticed.
  • The new model introduced in 2013 has additional features like tamper detection and self diagnostics, which checks if any changes have been made. Reacting to assertions of some political parties on several countries having stopped using EVMs, Dr. Zaidi said the machines used in Netherlands, Ireland and Germany were privately manufactured and had no independent certification system.

    Source: Indian Express

 

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Development Processes & Development Industry – Private irms eye key defence role

Policy aims to set up strategic partnerships with qualified industry majors

    What you need to know:

  • The government move to provide private sector a bigger role in defence manufacturing has taken a firm step towards fruition, with the Defence Acquisition Council on Saturday approving the broad contours of it.

     Four platforms:

  • Under the Strategic Partnership plan, the DAC has approved four platforms in which the private sector will play a key role in the first stage: fighter aircraft, submarines, armoured vehicles and helicopters.
  • The policy aims to establishment of “long-term strategic partnerships with qualified Indian industry majors through a transparent and competitive process wherein the Indian industry partners would tie up with global OEMs (original equipment manufacturer) to see technology transfers and manufacturing know-how to set up domestic manufacturing infrastructure and supply chains”.

   Self-reliance:

  • The MOD said the policy will give a boost to the ‘Make in India policy in the defence sector and “set Indian industry on the path to acquiring cutting-edge capabilities which will contribute to the building of self-reliance in the vital sector of national security requirements.

   Source: 121 India

 

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Important International Institution – Kiren Rijiju for GPDRR Mexico meet

The summit will mark the first opportunity since 2015 to review global progress in the implementation of SFDRR

    What is important to know:

  • India is participating in the five days Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) summit being held in Mexico from Tuesday. An Indian delegation led by Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju left for the summit on Saturday.
  • The summit, held at Mexico’s Cancun between May 22 and 26, is expected to be attended by over 5,000 delegates comprising heads of state, ministers, CEOs, disaster experts, volunteers, academia, and representatives from the science and technology sectors.
  • First opportunity The GPDRR is a global forum for strategic advice, coordination, partnership development and review of progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030, which was adopted at the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in March 2015 in Sendai, Japan.
  • The summit will mark the first opportunity since 2015 to review global progress in the implementation of SFDRR, a Home Ministry statement said.
  • It will also provide a platform for all stakeholders to galvanise their efforts in sustainable development and climate change adaptation, sharing of experiences, discussing innovative solutions, and charting out the course for an integrated approach at the international, regional, national and local levels.
  • Apart from presenting India’s statement on May 24, Rijiju, the UN designated disaster risk reduction champion for Asia region, will co-chair the plenary session on national and local disaster risk reduction strategies to “pave the way for action by all” on May 25.
  • Rijiju will also participate in leaders’ forum, besides leading various bilateral meetings, and release the National Disaster Management Authority guidelines on protection of museums.
  • During various sessions, the Indian delegation will highlight initiatives taken by its government in disaster risk reduction including the outcomes of the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) held at New Delhi in November 2016 and national platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR) organised in New Delhi on May 15-16. Additional Principal Secretary to the PM P.K. Mishra and NDMA member Kamal Kishore will be the speakers for the working sessions “Ensuring Risk-Resilient Critical Infrastructure” and “Sendai Framework Prototype Consultation” on May 24 respectively. Other members of Indian delegation are Joint Secretary, NDMA, V. Thiruppugazh, Joint Secretary, Home, Sanjeev Jindal and Executive Director of National Institute of Disaster Management Santosh Kumar.

   Source: Financial Express