GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

37th India International Trade Fair Inaugurated On 14th November, 2017 In New Delhi.


  • President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 37th India International Trade Fair (IITF) on 14th November, 2017 at Pragati Maidan, marking the beginning of the 14-day event in the national capital.
  • After Digital India in 2016, this year the theme of the fair will celebrate another pet project of the Union government —“Startup India: Stand Up India”. Jharkhand and Vietnam will be the partner state and the country respectively.
  • However, people had to get their tickets in advance either online or at Metro stations, as the number of visitors per day had been capped at 60,000.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • The IITF is being held from November 14 to 27 this year (2017), with the first four days being reserved for business visitors. The fair opened for the general public on November 18, Saturday, between 9.30am and 7.30pm. While the general tickets cost R60 and R40 for adults and children respectively on working days, ticket prices increase to R120 and R60 on weekends.
  • Last year (2016), the average footfall was around 1.5 lakh people per day. This year, however, the number of visitors has been capped in view of the restricted space available to organise the mega event.
  • Several pavillions at the Pragati Maidan have been demolished to make way for the massive revamp of the venue, which includes the construction of an Integrated Exhibition cum Convention Centre (IECC).
  • However, ITPO officials assured that the fair would be organised in eight halls. They have also erected six temporary hangars, some as large as 5,000 square metres, to accommodate exhibitors.
  • ITPO general manager J Gunasekaran had said that foreign participants would get 3,000 square metres of space, up from 1,900 square metres last year.

Sources- Hindustantimes.


GS Paper II- International Relations.

Adani Power Inks Power Purchase Pact With Bangladesh.


  • Adani Power has signed a 25-year power purchase agreement (PPA) with Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) to supply power to the neighboring country.
  • The company said in a BSE filing that the contract has been signed by Adani Power (Jharkhand), a wholly-owned subsidiary, for a net capacity of 1,496 MW, which would be supplied from the upcoming 1,600 MW coal-based power plant in Godda, Jharkhand.
  • The financial details of the deal were not disclosed.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Earlier in 2017, Reliance Power had also signed a PPA with BPDB for setting up the first phase of a 750 MW LNG power project near Dhaka. NTPC, through a 50-50 joint venture with BPDB, is also building a 1,320 MW power plant in Bangladesh.
  • NTPC also provided operation and maintenance services for the 240 MW Siddhirganj power plant in Bangladesh.
  • The cross border interconnection between India and Bangladesh through Baharampur (India) – Bheramara (Bangladesh) transmission line was commissioned in September 2013. About 500 MW of power is being transferred from India to Bangladesh through this link.
  • The transmission capacity is being upgraded from 500 MW to 1,000 MW.

Sources- Financial Express.


GS Paper III- Security.

Odisha, WB To Hold First-Ever Joint Coastal Security Exercise.


  • The governments of Odisha and neighbouring West Bengal will soon organize a joint security exercise named as ‘Sagar Kavach’ to further tighten the existing coastal security mechanism along the 630 km long coastline.
  • This was informed by Odisha’s additional chief secretary, home department, Asit Tripathy.
  • “Sagar Kavach security exercise is a realistic drill to check the efficacy of the security parameters and preparedness of various security forces like the Indian Navy, Marine police force, Indian Coast Guard (ICG), Forest Department, Fisheries and district administration.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • Stating that Odisha for the first time will have a joint security drill along with West Bengal, Tripathy said that they are going to organise a simulated terror attack named ‘red force’ at a random place along Odisha or West Bengal coast and check how effective their marine policing is. The exercise will be held over two days within a week.
  • The participants in the drill will be personnel from the Indian Navy, Coast Guard at Paradip and Haldia, 18 marine police stations in Odisha and 12 police stations of West Bengal.
  • This apart, the teams of Customs and port officials, fisheries department officials will also take part in the drill. Earlier, the coastal security exercises were made by the Indian Navy and ICG.
  • The drill is to re-valuate the existing Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) mechanisms. All stakeholders who attended the meeting were made aware about exercise settings and other SOPs.
  • The coast guard, and all the security forces, even the district administrations seem very helpful and proactive towards coastal security. After the drill, they will review if there are any loopholes, West Bengal Coast Guard Commander MA Warsi said.

Sources- TOI.