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GS Paper II-Governance, Polity, International Relations.

I&B Minister Announces New Digital Transmitters For Cross-Border Spread of Radio Content.

Background

  • Minister for Information & Broadcasting, Shri Venkaiah Naidu has said that the Government under the leadership of Prime Minister has been working proactively with the States/UTs to enhance the cooperation in the field of communication & outreach. Cooperation in content generation in Indian languages and local dialects was critical to effectively reach out to people in their own language.
  • Adopting innovative ways and leveraging New Media in information dissemination was necessary to keep pace with the changing communication paradigm. Minister stated this while chairing a meeting to review the functioning of the media units of Ministry of I&B located in the Union Territories on 6th July, 2017. Col. Rajyavardhan Rathore, Minister of State for I&B, Prof. Jagdish Mukhi, Lieutenant Governor of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Secretary I&B, Shri N K Sinha, representatives from UTs and senior officers from Ministry were also present during the meeting.

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  • During the review meeting, Shri Naidu announced that the All India Radio would be commissioning of two new Shortwave Solid State digital transmitters of 100 kW power each for dissemination of content across the border for Afghanistan- Pakistan region by the end of August 2017. The transmitters shall be installed in Delhi.

Key Points Of The Development-

  • The Shortwave Solid State digital transmitters would be inducted by the end of August, and would be installed in Delhi, an I&B ministry statement said. It said a “3kw FM transmitter in Daman will be replaced by 6kw transmitter” and likewise a 6kw FM transmitter would be replaced by 10kw FM transmitter in Karaikal, Puducherry, to enhance the spread of content dissemination.
  • Soliciting cooperation from the UTs, Shri Naidu stressed upon the need to ensure effective implementation of Cable TV Act in order to restrict airing of objectionable content and unauthorized channels. He urged UTs to appoint Nodal officers who can assist the DMs for this task in the UTs. He also highlighted that UT administration was required to direct concerned District Magistrate’s to investigate the matter for identifying non-existing publications in their districts and cancel the declarations of such publications as per the PRB Act. Out of 16,132 registered publications in Delhi, only 3704 publications have submitted their Annual Returns in the last five years.
  • During the review meeting, Shri Naidu announced that the All India Radio would be commissioning of two new Shortwave Solid State digital transmitters of 100 kW power each for Afghanistan- Pakistan region. For the Andaman and Nicobar, a new 100 W FM transmitter would be installed in Car Nicobar by the end of the financial year.
  • Col. Rajyavardhan Rathore, Minister of State for I&B mentioned that the monitoring of the content broadcast by cable operators/ channels can be done using a software and that physical verification was not required.

Sources- News18, PIB.

 

GS Paper III- Technology, Security.

US Navy Tests The World’s First Drone-killing Laser Capable Of Blasting Targets With 30kW Of Power.

Background

  • US Navy officers are currently testing the world’s first drone-killing laser capable of blasting targets with 30kW of power.
  • The $40 million (£30 million) super laser moves at the speed of light and is ‘more precise than a bullet’, according to naval officers.
  • Live-tests of the new super laser have now begun in the Persian Gulf, and officials have predicted that it will be used in combat by 2020.

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Key Points Of This Development-

  • The LaWS, which stands for Laser Weapons System, is currently being tested on board the USS Ponce amphibious transport ship.
  • LaWS can move at the speed of light, which is 50,000 times the speed of an incoming intercontinental ballistic missile.
  • Officers on board the USS Ponce are currently live-testing the weapon, using an aerial drone as a target.
  • During a test, a weapon can automatically zero in on a target.
  • As soon as the laser makes contact with a drone, the vehicle heats to a temperature of more than 1,000°F (537°C) and explodes.
  • The weapon is also extremely precise, which could minimise deaths in wartime, according to the Navy.
  • The $40 million weapon uses its own small generator to blast targets with 30kW of power and costs about a dollar a shot, according to the officers.
  • It operates in an invisible part of the electromagnetic spectrum so one won’t see the beam, it doesn’t make any sound, it’s completely silent and it’s incredibly effective.
  • LaWS only requires electricity to operate, which it generates on its own with the help of its generator and requires only three people to operate it
  • The US navy also said that the laser will be used to destroy aircraft and small boats, and could be deployed as soon as 2020.

Sources- Dailymail, Indiatoday.

 

GS Paper IV- Ethics, Integrity.

Advani Gets Lifetime Achievement Award For Contributions In Lok Sabha.

Background

  • Veteran BJP leader L.K. Advani on 19th July, 2017 received the Lifetime Achievement Award for his contributions as a parliamentarian in the Lok Sabha.
  • JD-U leader Sharad Yadav also received the Lifetime Achievement Award as a Rajya Sabha representative from Vice President Hamid Ansari at a function organised by the Lokmat Media Group to honour distinguished Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha members.
  • While giving away the awards, the Vice President said that it is the duty of the elected representatives to prevent erosion of the vitality and the spirit of democracy that is the lifeline of our Parliament.
  • The other awardees from the Lok Sabha included Revolutionary Socialist Party MP N.K. Premachandran (Best Parliamentarian), Congress leader Kumari Sushmita Dev (Best Woman Parliamentarian) and BJP leader Meenakshi Lekhi (Best Debut Woman Parliamentarian).

Key Points Of This Development-

  • The Awardees were selected by a jury headed by former Lok Sabha Speaker Shivraj Patil.
  • The criteria for choosing the awardees included whether the parliamentarians followed the rules of procedures of the House.
  • The jury also considered if these parliamentarians took into account the situation developing across the world in terms of economic situation, international relations, cultural relations, war and peace and science and technology.
  • The awardees from the Rajya Sabha included CPI-M leader Sitaram Yechury (Best Parliamentarian), Samajwadi Party MP Jaya Bachchan (Best Woman Parliamentarian) and Congress MP Rajni Patil (Best Debut Woman Parliamentarian).
  • Bharatiya Janata Party’s (BJP) Vice Presidential candidate Venkaiah Naidu said the awards should inspire others to follow the standard set by the awardees.
  • Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Road Transport and Highways Minister Nitin Gadkari were also present on the occasion.

Sources- Business-Standard, Jagranjosh.Page 1