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‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Issues relating to Health sector – Heart failure patients in India have higher mortality rate

Reaching hospitals at later stage, poor access to healthcare major reasons, says global study

     What you need to know:

  • Indians have one of the highest rates of mortality after diagnosis of heart failure, greater than that of people in many developing countries, according to a study published in the The Lancet Global Health.
  • The study, published on May 2, found that heart failure patients in India had one of the highest mortality rates after one year of diagnosis at 23%.
  • This was more than mortality rates of patients in Southeast Asia (15%), China (7%), South America (9%) and West Asia (9%).

   Global Report:

  • Only patients from countries in Africa had a higher mortality rate at 34%. The study also highlighted that heart failure patients in India, Africa and Southeast Asia were approximately 10 years younger than patients in the U.S. and Europe.
  • The India component of the study was led by Dorairaj Prabhakaran, vice-president (Research & Policy), Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi; and Ambuj Roy, Professor of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. Of the 5,823 heart failure patients observed in India, Africa, Southeast Asia, China, South America, and West Asia, two-thirds were clinic outpatients.
  • The study was funded by pharmaceutical company Novartis. According to Dr. Prabhakaran, one of the major reasons for the high mortality rate among Indians was that patients reached hospitals at a later stage of the disease, along with an associated high prevalence of risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension.

   Rural areas:

  • Roy pointed out that while the predisposition of Indians to lifestyle diseases at a younger age was known, the study highlighted the need for better health coverage, particularly in rural settings. Hisham Dokainish, principal investigator, Population Health Research Institute, Hamilton, Canada, who is the corresponding author of the study, said after accounting for 20 demographic, clinical, treatment and socioeconomic variables, Indian patients were at approximately three times the risk of death within one year.

   Source: India Today

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Important aspects of governance & other measures – Solar push could mean 3 lakh jobs by 2022

Currently, the solar and wind sectors employ just 21,000 workers, says report

    What is important to know:

  • Were India to be able to meet its commitment of adding 1,60,000 MW of renewable power (solar and wind power) by 2022, it would generate employment for 3,00,000 new workers, says a new report by the think tanks, Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW) and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC).
  • Ninety per cent of these jobs would be in the solar sector. Currently both these industries employ around 21,000 people. But with a strong domestic manufacturing policy in place, another 45,000 could find indirect full-time jobs, according to the study.
  • Seventy per cent of the new jobs would be in the labour-intensive rooftop solar segment, which tend to generate “seven times more jobs” than large-scale projects such as solar farms, which are more typically associated with India’s solar push.

   Job creation:

  • This study is the third in a series of reports that look at job creation in the renewable sector.
  • The findings were based on a survey of 37 solar companies, eight solar manufacturers, and nine wind companies.
  • In all, 60% of the solar companies that responded were developing groundmounted plants, while the rest were involved in rooftop solar projects.
  • Solar jobs would be distributed fairly evenly across the country, with a pronounced tilt in favour of Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. However, wind jobs were likely to be concentrated in a few States that have high wind potential.
  • Clean energy expansion is generating thousands of new jobs while meeting India’s climate and economic goals.
  • Neeraj Kuldeep, programme associate, CEEW added, “80% of the new clean energy workforce will be employed during the construction phase. However, despite these being contractual jobs, the large pipeline of renewable energy projects creates enough opportunities for workers to stay employed.
  • Also, since most of these jobs are in the rooftop solar PV segment, central and state governments must provide greater policy support to the rooftop sector.” As part of its commitments to dealing with global warming, India has committed to installing 1,75,000 MW of green power by 2022. Of this, only 10% has been installed so far.

    Source: The Hindu

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Effects of policies effecting India’s interest – Tea Board wants 100% of output sold via auctions

Partial routing of produce leading to low quality products

    Brief:

  • The Tea Board of India wants 100% of the country’s tea output (except the quantity meant for direct exports) to be routed through the auction system, saying that this is considered to be the most secured way of marketing.
  • The board recently issued a notice seeking comments from the industry and trade on the matter by June-end.
  • Currently, all registered manufacturers have to sell 50% of their produce through public auctions.

   Purpose not served:

  • However, it is increasingly being felt that this measure, introduced last year to improve price-realisation, may not have achieved its objective.
  • Allowing partial routing through auction is leading to offering low quality tea which is affecting the entire price realisation mechanism,” the board said.
  • It also said that a detailed analysis of auction participation by the manufacturers was being carried out at present by the industry regulator.
  • The Tea Marketing Control Order of 2003 was amended in October 2015 through a notification to put in place the 50% mandatory system.
  • The regulator noted in this context that the initial proposal to implement 70% routing was diluted to 50 following industry representations.
  • Trade and industry sources were not very happy with the proposal saying that low tea prices were not directly linked with the amount being offered in auctions.
  • There is a wide variation from auction to auction and from producer to producer on the offering,” they said.
  • However, small tea growers were happy with the proposal since it would help them get better prices.

    Source: World TV News