GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

WEF Ranks India At 62nd Place On Inclusive Development Index.

Background

  • India was on 22nd January, 2018 ranked at the 62nd place among emerging economies on an Inclusive Development Index, much below China’s 26th position and Pakistan’s 47th.
  • Norway remains the world’s most inclusive advanced economy, while Lithuania again tops the list of emerging economies, the World Economic Forum (WEF) said while releasing the yearly index in Davos before the start of its annual meeting, to be attended by several world leaders including PM Narendra Modi and U.S. President Donald Trump.
  • The index takes into account the living standards, environmental sustainability and protection of future generations from further indebtedness. It urged the leaders to urgently move to a new model of inclusive growth and development, saying reliance on GDP as a measure of economic achievement is fuelling short-termism and inequality.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • India was ranked 60th among 79 developing economies last year (2017), as against China’s 15th and Pakistan’s 52nd position.
  • The 2018 index, which measures progress of 103 economies on three individual pillars — growth and development; inclusion; and inter-generational equity — has been divided into two parts. The first part covers 29 advanced economies and the second 74 emerging economies.
  • The index has also classified the countries into five sub-categories in terms of the five-year trend of their overall Inclusive Development Growth score — receding, slowly receding, stable, slowly advancing and advancing.
  • Despite its low overall score, India is among the ten emerging economies with ‘advancing’ trend. Only two advanced economies have shown ‘advancing’ trend.
  • Among advanced economies, Norway is followed by Ireland, Luxembourg, Switzerland and Denmark in the top five.
  • Small European economies dominate the top of the index, with Australia (9) the only non-European economy in the top 10. Of the G7 economies, Germany (12) ranks the highest. It is followed by Canada (17), France (18), the UK (21), the US (23), Japan (24) and Italy (27).
  • The top-five most inclusive emerging economies are Lithuania, Hungary, Azerbaijan, Latvia and Poland.
  • Performance is mixed among BRICS economies, with the Russian Federation ranking 19th, followed by China (26), Brazil (37), India (62) and South Africa (69).
  • Of the three pillars that make up the index, India ranks 72nd for inclusion, 66th for growth and development and 44th for inter-generational equity.

Sources- The Hindu.

 

GS Paper II- Governance, International Relations.

Telangana Signs MoU With Clean Authority Of Tokyo.

Background

  • The government of Telangana and Clean Authority of Tokyo have signed a MoU in the field of municipal solid waste incineration facilities.
  • They will exchange information on knowledge in municipal solid waste incineration facilities and make an effort to realize human resource exchanges in view of technical cooperation in the future.
  • The MoU was signed on 19th January, 2018 in Tokyo during the visit of a Telangana business delegation led by Information Technology and Industries Minister K. T. Rama Rao.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Jayesh Ranjan, Principal Secretary, Industries & Commerce (I&C) and Yoshimi SATO, Vice President, Clean Authority of Tokyo, signed the MoU in the presence of Rama Rao and India’s ambassador in Japan, Sujan R. Chinoy.
  • The government of Telangana and ISE Foods Inc also signed a Letter of Intent in Tokyo. ISE Foods will set up a pilot project for egg production using advanced technologies. The firm will set up a solar park to support the egg production facility including the development of storage devices.
  • The Japanese company will also focus on the development of local human capacity building on advanced technologies of poultry by designing and conducting training and capacity building programmes.
  • Rama Rao met representatives of the Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO). He addressed the delegates at “Telangana State: India Investment Promotion Seminar” at JETRO Headquarters in Tokyo.
  • He talked about the investment opportunities in Telangana and highlighted the Telangana government’s progressive industrial policies, TS-iPASS, a single-window clearance initiative for investors.
  • Later, he also held discussions with the representatives of Japan Bank for International Cooperation in Tokyo.

Sources- Business-Standard.

 

GS Paper III- Bio-Diversity.

Uttarakhand First To Use Ultrasound Method To Detect Pregnancy In Wild Animal

Background

  • For the first time in the country, ultrasound will be performed on wild animals to detect pregnancy before administering reproduction control method on them.
  • The Uttarakhand government granted certification to the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) on 18th January, 2018 as part of its sterilization project to address man-animal conflict.
  • At present, the machine will be used to detect pregnancy in wild boars, monkeys, neel gais and elephants. The initiative is part of WII’s three year project worth Rs 10 crore under the Union environment ministry, in collaboration with National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The state government has granted the certification to use ultrasound machines for detection of pregnancy in wild animals. Dynamics of using ultrasound machines are different for humans and wild animals. In case of humans, it is used to determine the gender and safety whereas, in wild animals, the test is done to confirm pregnancy and then the animal is released into the wild undisturbed.
  • Since the guidelines of preconception and prenatal diagnostic technique Act does not apply on wild animals, so approval was granted to WII readily. WII director V B Mathur said that with the expansion of human habitation, space for wild animals is decreasing. As a result, cases of man-animal conflict are rising. So it was essential to control animal population which is why the environment ministry directed WII to conduct research and control population of these four species. If the animal is not pregnant, sterilization will be performed.
  • Mathur added that like in humans, in animals too they would not enforce any birth control method as per ethics, but will closely monitor their behavior and food habits and then decide whether to lace their food with pills or conduct surgery
  • The portable ultrasound machine will be procured so that tests could be conducted as per the location of the animal.

Sources- TOI.