GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

PM Modi Inaugurates Largest-Ever Global Conference On Cyber Space.


  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate the fifth edition of the Global Conference on Cyber Space or GCCS on 23rd November, 2017 in Delhi. GCCS is one of the worlds largest conferences on cyber space.
  • The theme of the two-day conference is Cyber4All: A Secure and Inclusive Cyberspace for Sustainable Development.
  • GCCS 2017 will give the world’s cyber community a unique opportunity to learn from global experience and expert insight, and discover more about the technology led transformation being engineered in India, said Ravi Shankar Prasad, Electronics & IT and Law & Justice Minister.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • The GCCS 2017 is certainly in accord with the Hon’ble Prime Minister’s vision to transform India into a digitally empowered country and will give the world’s cyber community a unique opportunity to learn from global experience and expert insight, and discover more about the technology led transformation being engineered in India.
  • Incepted in 2011 in London, the second GCCS was held in 2012 in Budapest with focus on relationship between internet rights and internet security, which was attended by 700 delegates from nearly 60 countries.
  • The third edition of GCCS was held in 2013 in Seoul with commitment to Open and Secure Cyberspace. The fourth version GCCS 2015 was held on April 16-17, 2015 in The Hague, Netherlands which saw participation from 97 countries.
  • Thirty-three ministers from various nations dealing with the subject matter of cyber space (ICT or similar ministries in some countries and Foreign Ministry in others) have already confirmed. Prime Minister of Sri Lanka also is expected to come for the inaugural ceremony.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted this morning saying that he will address the fifth Global Conference on Cyber Space at 10 am. He said the prestigious conference brings together leading stakeholders to discuss aspects relating to the world of technology.

Sources- NDTV.


GS Paper II- Governance, International Relations.

Cabinet Approves Agreement Between India And Philippines On Co-Operation And Mutual Assistance In Customs Matters.


  • The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the signing and ratifying of an Agreement between India and Philippines on co-operation and mutual assistance in customs matters.
  • The Agreement will help in the availability of relevant information for the prevention and investigation of Customs offences.
  • The Agreement is also expected to facilitate trade and ensure efficient clearance of goods traded between the countries.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • This Agreement shall enter into force after the necessary national legal requirements for entry into force of this Agreement have been fulfilled by both the countries.
  • The Agreement would provide a legal framework for sharing of information and intelligence between the Customs authorities of the two countries. It would help in the proper application of Customs laws, prevention and investigation of Customs offences and the facilitation of legitimate trade.
  • The draft text of the proposed Agreement has been finalized with the concurrence of the two Customs Administrations.
  • The draft Agreement takes care of Indian Customs’ concerns and requirements, particularly in the area of exchange of information on the correctness of the Customs value declared and authenticity of certificates of origin of the goods traded between the two countries.

Sources- Business-Standard.


GS Paper III- Security.

In A First, Air-Launched Brahmos Missile Test-Fired.


  • In a joint venture between India and Russia, BrahMos, the world’s fastest supersonic cruise missile, created history on 22nd November, 2017, after it was successfully flight-tested for the first time from the Indian Air Force’s (IAF) frontline fighter aircraft Sukhoi-30MKI.
  • The missile was tested against a sea-based target in the Bay of Bengal.
  • The successful maiden test firing of BrahMos Air Launched Cruise Missile (ALCM) from Su-30MKI will significantly bolster the IAF’s air combat operations capability from stand-off ranges.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • BrahMos ALCM, weighing 2.5 tonnes, is the heaviest weapon to be deployed on India’s Su-30 fighter aircraft modified by HAL to carry weapons.
  • BrahMos is a joint venture between the DRDO of India and the NPOM of Russia.
  • The land and sea variants of Brahmos are already operational with the Army and the Navy. Recently, the range variants were upgraded from 290 km to 450 km after India joined the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
  • Dr S Christopher, Chairman DRDO and Secretary, Department of Defence R&D congratulated the Scientists and Engineers for this excellent text book kind of flight test.
  • The missile test was witnessed by Dr Sudhir Mishra, DG (BrahMos) and CEO and MD, BrahMos Aerospace along with senior IAF officials, Scientists and Officials from DRDO and BrahMos.

Sources- The Quint.