GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

George Saunders Wins 2017 Man Booker Prize.

Background-

  • US author George Saunders became only the second American writer to win Britain’s renowned Man Booker Prize, which was awarded for his first full-length novel Lincoln in the Bardo.
  • Judges for the prestigious English-language literary award praised as “utterly original” the book that chronicles the death of Abraham Lincoln’s 11-year-old son Willie using the accounts of hundreds of narrators.

Highlights Of The Development–

  • This year’s Man Booker Prize shortlist pitted three US and three British writers against one another. The award, launched in 1969, was only open to writers from Commonwealth states until it began permitting authors from other English-speaking countries in 2014.
  • Last year (2016) Paul Beatty became the first American to win the award for his novel The Sellout. Saunders was the British bookmakers’ favourite ahead of the announcement on 17th October, 2017.
  • In a lengthy and varied writing career, he has penned award-winning short story collections, essays, illustrated fables and a bestselling children’s book, as well as many pieces of journalism.
  • In 2006, he was awarded both a Guggenheim Fellowship and a MacArthur Fellowship, while in 2009 he received an Academy Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters.

Sources- Livemint.

 

GS Paper II- Governance, Social Justice.

India Among Five Countries Responsible For 50% Newborn Deaths.

Background

  • India is among the five countries — Pakistan, Nigeria, Congo, and Ethiopia being the others — responsible for half of all newborn deaths in the world, according to a UN report.
  • The report, “Levels and Trends in Child Mortality 2017”, revealed that 5.6 million children died before reaching the age of five in 2016.
  • However, this is a marked decrease compared to 2000 when nearly 9.9 million children had died before turning five.

 

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Despite the progress, neonatal deaths — defined as deaths during the first 28 days of life accounted for 46 percent or 7,000 every day. Another 2.6 million babies were stillborn in 2016, the report said.
  • While India was accountable for 24 percent of these new-born deaths, Pakistan accounted for 10 percent, Nigeria 9 percent, the Democratic Republic of Congo 4 percent and 3 percent of the deaths occurred in Ethiopia.
  • Pneumonia and diarrhea caused 16 per cent and 8 per cent of deaths respectively among children under five globally. Thirty percent of newborns succumbed to preterm birth complications and complications during labor or childbirth last year.
  • Going by the current trends, 60 million children would die before their fifth birthday between 2017 and 2030, half of them newborns, said the report released by the UNICEF, World Health Organisation, World Bank and the Population Division of UNDESA.
  • By way of possible solutions, the report suggests improved access to skilled health-professionals during pregnancy and at the time of birth, lifesaving interventions, such as immunization, breastfeeding, and inexpensive medicines, and increasing access to water and sanitation, could aid in ending preventable child deaths.

Sources- NEWS18.

 

GS Paper III- Security.

Indian Navy Training Ships Visit Jakarta.

Background

  • The First Training Squadron of the Indian Navy was set to conclude a five-day visit to Indonesia on Sunday , 22nd October, 2017. Speaking aboard the training ship INS Tir on Friday, Southern Naval Command chief Vice Adm. A.R. Karve said he believes the visit to be very successful.
  • Indian Naval Ships Tir, Sujata, Sudarshini, Shardul and Indian Coast Guard Ship Sarathi were on a visit to Jakarta, Indonesia. The visit is aimed to expose trainees to conduct of Indian warships in foreign waters, port familiarisation and foster ‘bridges of friendship’ between the two countries.

 

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The ships were accorded a traditional welcome by the Indonesian Navy on arrival at Jakarta. The visit of the ships coincides with the visit of Vice Admiral AR Karve, AVSM, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Southern Naval Command, the training Command of the Indian Navy.
  • Vice Admiral AR Karve called on Vice Admiral ADE Taufiq R, Vice Chief of Staff, Indonesian Navy, Air Marshal Hadiyan Sumintaatmaja, Secretary General to the Ministry of Defence, Mr Lutfi Rauf, Deputy for Foreign Policy Affairs, Republic of Indonesia and discussed matters of mutual interest. He also paid homage at the Commonwealth War Memorial, Jakarta.
  • As part of the visit, the Senior Officer and Commanding Officers of First Training Squadron (1 TS) called on the Chief of Staff, Western Fleet Command, Indonesian Navy, Capt Jalaseva – The Officer In-charge of Air Lift Command and Naval Area Commander, Jakarta. A friendly football match with personnel of the Indonesian Navy was organised for the visiting crew. In addition, school children from Gandhi Memorial International School, Jakarta visited ships of 1 TS.

Sources- Indiannavy.nic.in.