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GS Paper I- Indian Heritage, History.

National Sports Museum To Be Established In New Delhi.

Background-

  • The Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports is going to establish National Sports Museum, first of its kind, at Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi.
  • The decision was taken three months back and after a series of meetings and his personal visits to several locations in the capital, the current venue for museum was finalized by the Sports Minister Shri Vijay Goel himself.
  • Shri Vijay Goel said that the Museum will showcase the Indias achievements in sports and also focus on the traditional sports within the country.

 

Highlights Of The Development–

  • According to the minister, the aim of the Museum is to popularise the sports as a way of life within the country. Accordingly, the proposed Museum would go beyond the classical approach of a collection of memorabilia to become an interactive venue of interest for all age groups. In addition, it will display achievements of the Indian greats in sports and also act as an educational hub and offer opportunity for the young to delve into some sporting activity.
  • Mr. Vijay Goel has appealed to all past and present sports persons and members of public to contribute any memorabilia held by them for permanent display in the National Sports Museum. He said such contribution will be recognized and acknowledged.
  • It is proposed that the Museum will have audio-visual display of rules and legacy events pertaining to various sports as part of education for the budding sportspersons, a well-equipped library of sports and physical fitness, painting gallery and amphitheater for screening of legacy matches/ contests/games is also planned.
  • The Museum will also have a cafeteria, an activity zone, a souvenir/pro shop and a play area. It is proposed that the activities planned in various segments will include sporting activities, sports related computer games and kiosks selling sports memorabilia and sports equipment.
  • Goel said that the first phase for establishing the museum will commence soon as the idea has been transformed from concept to museum model stage by the experts.

Sources- Business-Standard.

GS Paper II- Governance, Polity.

Cabinet Approves Commission On Sub-Categorisation Of OBCs.

Background

  • To create ‘quota within quota’, the Union Cabinet on Wednesday, 23rd August, 2017 approved the setting up of a commission to examine the matter of sub-categorisation of Other Backward Classes (OBCs). The commission has been mandated to submit is report within 12 weeks from the date of appointment of the chairperson.
  • The commission, to be set up under Article 340 of the Constitution, will identify the respective castes/communities/sub-castes/synonyms in the Central list and classify them into sub-categories, and “examine the inequitable distribution of benefits reservation among castes and communities included in the Central list of OBCs, according to its terms of reference approved by the Cabinet, an official release said.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • The commission will also work out the mechanism, criteria, norms and parameters through scientific approach for sub-categorisation within such OBCs.
  • Citing a Supreme Court order (Indra Sawhney and others vs. Union of India), the Cabinet observed that there was no Constitutional or legal bar to a State categorizing backward classes as backward or more backward and had further observed that if a State chooses to do it (sub-categorisation), it is not impermissible in law.
  • It noted that 10 States — Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Puducherry, Karnataka, Haryana, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Bihar, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu – had already carried out sub-categorization of OBCs.
  • The NDA government’s move for sub-categorisation of OBCs is significant, as it comes ahead of Assembly polls late this year and early next year in about 10 States, such as Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.
  • Also, during the recently ended Monsoon session of Parliament, the NDA government faced a setback when the Opposition in Rajya Sabha passed an amendment and stalled the passage of a Bill to give Constitutional status to the National Commission for Backward Classes.
  • The Bill will now be returned to Lok Sabha, which can either accept or reject the amendment and send it back to the Rajya Sabha. A joint session could also be convened if both the Houses differ on a Bill.

Sources- The Hindu Business Line.

 

GS Paper III- Technology.

Andhra Pradesh First To Implement Bharat QR Digital Payments To Make Vizag Less-Cash City.

Background

  • Andhra Pradesh’s Eastern Power Distribution Company Ltd (EPDCL) and the Southern Power Distribution Corporation of AP Ltd (SPDCL) have become the first state-owned distribution companies in India to accept payments through Bharat QR, the world’s first interoperable quick response code acceptance solution launched by the Reserve Bank of India.
  • As part of the ‘Vizag less–cash city’ initiative underway between Visa and the Andhra Pradesh government, the state has witnessed a slew of initiatives aimed at increasing the rate of digital payment adoption across the masses,  according to Nara Lokesh, Minister of IT and Rural Development.

 

Key Points Of The Development-

  • Visa and the Government of Andhra Pradesh through the less-cash initiative, Vizag Digital Dan Sankalp, have identified electricity bill payments as an important use case for payment digitisation. Given their wide reach, recurring nature of transactions and low ticket sizes, such payments are expected to drive shift in consumer behaviour towards digital payments; in particular, among first-time users.
  • Bharat QR is a secure, network-agnostic interface that enables customers to use their smartphones to make payments without divulging information like card numbers and CVV. To use Bharat QR to pay their electricity bills, customers will simply need to log in to their bank’s app, and scan the QR code displayed on their electricity bill, enabling instant payment. Alternately, customers may enter their unique Customer IDs online and generate a QR code that can be scanned using their bank app.
  • The Vizag Digital Dhan Sankalp project is an initiative spearheaded by the Government of Andhra Pradesh and Visa, to develop Visakhapatnam into India’s first “less–cash” city. Visa and bank partners will focus on driving the digitization for a range of key use cases determined to significantly boost the rates of cashless payments.
  • The initiative will aim to drive access, awareness and adoption of payments focusing on underserved merchant and consumer segments, such as small merchants and women, to educate them on the benefits of digital payments. This program is designed to enable open loop, widely scalable and non–proprietary payment solutions across state organizations to assist them in the adoption of digital payment mechanisms, and lead to cost reduction.
  • The less cash Vizag initiative aims to transform Visakhapatnam into the FinTech Valley of India, and to serve as a dynamic example of a digitized city, on a global scale.

Sources- The Indian Express.