GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.
France To Ban All Oil And Gas Production From 2040.
- France is to ban all drilling for oil and natural gas by 2040 after its Parliament approved part of President Emmanuel Macron’s plans to cut the use of fossil fuels.
- It will become illegal to produce or look for oil and gas in the country and its overseas territories. Existing drilling permits will expire in 2040 and, from 20th December, 2017, no new ones will be granted.
- France is the first country in the world to pass such a law.
- The change is unlikely to have a significant impact, given 99 per cent of France’s oil and gas is imported from other countries.
Highlights Of The Development–
- The French Government hopes the symbolic gesture will put pressure on other countries to adopt similar laws.
- Mr Macron has said he wants France to become the global leader in the fight against global warming. He has promised to replace any funding withdrawn from the UN climbanate change programme by Donald Trump, and has announced plans to the sale of diesel and petrol cars in France by 2040.
- France produces 815,000 tonnes of oil per year – most of it from its South American territory of French Guiana.
- The amount is equivalent to what a major oil producer such as Saudi Arabia would produce in just a few hours.
- Despite this, Nicholas Hulot, the French Environment Minister, said the new law showed current generations can take care of future generations.
GS Paper II- Governance.
Rs 1,864 Crore Petrochem Park Gets Kerala Nod.
- The Kerala state government has issued an order granting in-principle nod for Kerala Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation (Kinfra) to set up a petrochemical park in Kochi.
- The next step is to procure 600 acres from FACT complex at Ambalamugal in Kochi for the project. The decision regarding this is pending for Union ccabinet approval, said M Beena, managing director of Kinfra.
- The estimated project cost is Rs 1,864 crore, including the cost of land and internal infrastructure, which will be provided by Kerala Infrastructure Investment Fund Board (KIFB) in loan.
Highlights Of The Development-
- Kochi already has a large refinery, fertiliser and chemical factories, a bulk terminal and International Container Transhipment Terminal, besides the LNG Terminal & Gas Pipeline Network being established. The project assumes significance in view of the proposed expansion of BPCL, and proximity to port and natural gas infrastructure.
- Infrastructure facilities required to be created include internal roads, drainages, water treatment plants, internal water supply system, internal electrification, common sewage treatment plants, common effluent treatment plants, rain water harvesting and solid waste management.
- BPCL refinery is set for expansion of its refining capacity from 9.5 MMTPA to 15.5 MMTPA. With increased crude capacity of 15.5 MMTPA, the refinery will produce 5 lakh TPA propylene. This is in addition to production of various fuels like LPG, Kerosene, Coke and Bitumen. Utilizing 5 lakh TPA propylene, BPCL plans to establish a joint venture for production of various base materials that would boost manufacturing, augment exports and generate employment.
- Petrochemicals currently contribute about 30% of India’s $120 billion-worth chemical industry, which is likely to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 11% over the next few years and touch $250 billion by 2020.
- India stands a good chance, as petrochemicals market has shifted from the West to Middle-East and Asia. Future outlook for the industry is bright in various chemical sub sectors. While petroleum sector meets energy requirement, chemicals and petrochemical sector caters to various industries, including fertilizers and construction sector.
GS Paper III- Technology.
Indian Science Communication Congress Held At IIMC.
- Over 300 scientists and professionals participated in 17th Indian Science Communication Congress (ISCC-2017) in the national Capital on 21st December, 2017.
- The two-day event jointly hosted by the IIMC and CSIR-National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) aims to promote science communication.
Highlights Of The Development-
- The two-day event had six scientific sessions on science communication, environment and risk communication, health communication and agriculture communication, with one revolving around exploring strategies for the effective communication of science at the grass-root level.
- A book “Disasters-Short Stories, Essays & Anecdotes” was also released at the event which was addressed by Director NISCAIR Dr Manoj Kumar Patairiya, AcSIR Director Dr Rajender Singh Sangwan, chairperson of the Forum on Disaster Mitigation of the Indian National Academy of Engineering Dr RK Bhandari, chairman, NDMA member Kamal Kishore, UNO Kalinga prize winner Narender K Sehgal apart from DG IIMC KG Suresh.