GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

India To Host 16th International Energy Forum Meet.


  • The 16th International Energy Forum (IEF) Ministerial meeting will be held in New Delhi on April 10 to 12, 2018.
  • While addressing a press conference here, Union Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas Dharmendra Pradhan said that the 16th International Energy Forum Ministerial meeting will be held on April 10 to 12, 2018, which will be hosted by Government of India in New Delhi and co-hosted by the Government of China and South Korea.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • Representatives from 92 countries will be participating in the conference, including 72 member countries of IEF and 20 guest countries, the minister added.
  • Global energy organisations, including the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, International Energy Agency, will also be represented at the meet.
  • India had last hosted the IEF ministerial conference in 1996.

Sources- Business-Standard.

GS Paper II- Governance.

Chhattisgarh: Raipur Organises Nation’s First ‘Kachra Mahotsav’.


  • The Raipur Municipal Corporation in Chhattisgarh has organised the city’s first garbage festival that ended on 21st January, 2018. However, a tweet by the municipal corporation says that it is also the nation’s first such festival.
  • A press release added that the aim is to increase awareness, aim to increase awareness, use the waste generated in the city creatively and to showcase multiple techniques for reusing things that are labelled as garbage.
  • The three-day festival was filled with workshops, talks, performances and also some interesting installations.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • As part of their unique celebrations, other districts in Chhattisgarh have also shared innovative ideas including poems by students on the importance of cleanliness and hygiene.
  • Earlier, the Centre had said that every household will get a toilet and will be open-defecation free before the 2019 elections, but have cautioned that changing the general mindset of the people still remains a challenge.
  • Hardeep Singh Puri, Union Minister of State with Independent Charge in the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, has had a tough task to manage the huge quantum of daily garbage generated across urban areas. In fact, experts have said availability of toilets and their maintenance are key to their use, particularly public toilets in urban areas. In rural areas, on the other hand, the bigger challenge is to make the facility available to people.
  • He added that rural India had achieved only 39% sanitation coverage till October 2014 when the Swachh Bharat Mission was launched. Over 5.9 crore toilets have been built and nearly 30 crore rural Indians have stopped defecating in the open since the launch of the mission.
  • 290 districts in seven states of Sikkim, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Haryana, Gujarat and Arunachal Pradesh have become open defecation free. The Govt is expecting another 8-10 states to become ODF by March, 2018, taking the total to about 18-20.

Sources- DNA.

GS Paper III- Environment,Technology.

India’s 1st Ever International Dam Safety Conference Kicked Off To Gauge And Discuss Safety Issues.


  • India’s first ever International Dam Safety Conference kicked off on 23rd January, 2018, inaugurated by Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan.
  • Two-day conference aimed to discuss several issues plaguing dam safety. Challenges in dam safety management across the globe, an overview of the centrally-funded Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project and World Bank initiatives are some of the issues that were discussed at the conference.
  • Union Minister of State for Water Resources Arjun Ram Meghwal presided over the function.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The event was being organised by the Water Resources Department, Kerala State Electricity Board, College of Engineering Thiruvananthapuram and NIT, Kozhikode.
  • As many as 550 delegates from over 20 countries, including the US, Switzerland, Spain and Australia, took part in the conference, Director (Dam Safety) of the Central Water Commission Pramod Narayan said.
  • Seven dam safety manuals are developed under the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) were also released for implementation during the conference.
  • Through the DRIP, the Centre aims to assist the improvement of 223 large dams which may be experiencing stress in seven states at an outlay of Rs 2,100 Crore.
  • A software programme to document authentic asset and health information pertaining to the large dams in the country, known as the Dam Health and Rehabilitation Monitoring Application (DHARMA), was also launched. DHARMA is a web tool that will help dam owners to digitize all dam-related data effectively, store, monitor and take appropriate actions to ensure need-based rehabilitation.
  • About 30 national and international organizations were showcasing contemporary developments in technology, materials, instrumentation and their application in addressing the dam safety issues during the exhibition being organised during the conference.

Sources- News Bharati.