GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

3 Indians In Forbes 100 Greatest Living Business Minds List.


  • Three Indian corporate czars — Lakshmi Mittal, Ratan Tata and Vinod Khosla — have been named in Forbes’ special list of the world’s ‘100 Greatest Living Business Minds’.
  • Lakshmi Mittal is the Chairman and CEO of Arcelormittal, Ratan Tata is Tata group’s Chairman Emeritus and Vinod Khosla is the co-founder of Sun Microsystems.
  • The special list also includes Donald Trump. Forbes referred him as the “Salesman and Ringmaster Extraordinaire: Owner, Trump Organisation; 45th President Of The United States”.


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  • Others in the list include Amazon Founder Jeff Bezos, Virgin Group founder Richard Branson; Berkshire Hathaway CEO Warren Buffett; Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates and News Corp Executive Chairman Rupert Murdoch.
  • Moreover, CNN Founder Ted Turner; Talk Show Master Oprah Winfrey; Dell Technologies Founder Michael Dell; Paypal, Tesla and SpaceX co-founder Elon Musk; Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg; Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz and Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg, among others figured in the list.
  • To celebrate Forbes’ centennial, the magazine amassed an encyclopedia of ideas from 100 entrepreneurs, visionaries and prophets of capitalism, making it the greatest ever collection of business essayists.
  • In developing the list, Forbes sought people who have either created something with a lasting impact on the world or innovated in a way that transcends their given field.
  • The list speaks to a century of entrepreneurial capitalism compiling the doers who have created, disrupted and innovated on a collectively historic scale,” Forbes said.
  • Forbes magazine was founded on September 17, 1917 by BC Forbes, a financial journalist, and his partner Walter Drey.

Sources- The Hindu Business Line.

GS Paper II- Governance, Social Justice.

Former Cricketer Sachin Tendulkar Launches Mission 24.


  • Former Indian cricketer Sachin Tendulkar on 12th September, 2017, launched -Mission 24 for Mumbai’s M east ward which is known to have one of highest slum populations in the city.
  • The project by NGO Apnalaya and Mumbai first plans to work along with the BMC -as the principal stakeholder over the next 24 months to improve the quality of lives of people living in M east ward of Mumbai. It is pertinent to note that the ward ranked the lowest in human development among the city’s 24 wards in the Mumbai Human Development Report 2009.

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  • Apnalaya president Annabel Mehta who got her son in law Sachin Tendulkar to support the project stated that their aim is to raise the standard of the ward.
  • The BMC commissioner Ajoy Mehta meanwhile said that they would help in project with regards to the various issues which have been listed.
  • Dr Arun Kumar, CEO of Apnalaya, said, that the BMC in its Development Plan (DP) 2014-34 has already listed out priorities which it has for the next two years for every ward. “In case of M east we want to work along with the BMC so that through this campaign we able to improve the ward further,” said Kumar.
  • Sachin Tendulkar said that something that disturbs him is that M-east ward is at the bottom as far as human development is concerned. His association with wife Anjali has helped him understand a lot more of Mumbai which is taken for granted like maternity homes, health posts in the city.

Sources- The Times Of India.


GS Paper IV- Ethics.

Delhi Girl Who Helps Acid Attack Survivors Rebuild Lives Wins UN Award.


  • Ria Sharma was 21 when she ended up founding an organisation when she realised a film would do little to change their lives against ageism and sexism.
  • On Tuesday, 19th September, 2017 night, the Delhiite became only Indian to get the UN’s Goalkeepers Global Goals Awards. Priyanka Chopra handed her the award.
  • Leaders in politics, development and entertainment gathered in Gotham Hall in New York to honour six Goalkeepers — men and women who have made considerable progress in achieving the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals in their countries.


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  • Hosted by the UN deputy secretary-general Amina J Mohammed and philanthropist Melinda Gates, in partnership with UNICEF, the awards celebrated pioneering work in education, health, women’s empowerment and innovation.
  • Sharma won the Leadership Award for her commitment to survivors of acid attacks. Her organisation, Make Love Not Scars, has campaigned for their rehabilitation, education and employment by raising funds and petitioning the government for reparation and to restrict the open sale of acid. Actor Priyanka Chopra, who presented the award, said that by helping people become self-sufficient, several SDGs could be met at once.
  • Melinda Gates, in her opening address, pointed out that success with the goals was the result of exemplary leadership, and the awards were a way of recognising and promoting it.
  • Amina Mohammed called the ‘Goalkeepers’ real-life heroes. “The goals are about addressing root causes and not fixing band-aids,” she said, while considering how the goals could be implemented in Myanmar to help resolve the Rohingya crisis.

Sources- The Times Of India.