GS Paper I- History and Geography of the World and Society.

Denmark Open: Kidambi Srikanth Beats Lee Hyun Il To Win Third Super Series Premier Title.


  • Kidambi Srikanth clinched his third Super Series Premier title with a dominating straight-game victory over Korean veteran Lee Hyun II in a lopsided final of the USD 750,000 Denmark Open on 22nd October, 2017.
  • Playing an opponent 12 years his senior, Srikanth asserted his dominance with a 21-10 21-5 win over 37-year-old Lee in a match that lasted just 25 minutes.
  • World No. 8 Srikanth didn’t give any chances to the more experienced Lee, who looked a pale shadow of the man, who had beaten World No. 2 Son Wan Ho in the semi-finals 21st October, 2017.


Highlights Of The Development–

  • The duo were tied 4-4, before Srikanth changed gears and used his deception and powerful smashes to lead 9-5.
  • A return going to the net gave a point to Lee but Srikanth produced a brilliant cross court net dribble to bamboozle his opponent and moved into the break with a healthy 11-6 lead when the Korean went wide.
  • Lee had no answers to Srikanth’s razor-sharp smashes and cross court returns as the Indian led 14-8. Lee also made judgement errors at the baseline and also miscued his strokes as Srikanth extended his advantage to 17-8 with another smash.
  • The Korean hit two long shots and then sent one at the net to hand over a 20-8 lead to Srikanth.
  • The Indian made two unforced errors to allow Lee get into doubles figures. But Lee again erred with the length of his return as Srikanth pocketed the first game.
  • In the second game, Srikanth stepped on the gas and zoomed to a 11-1 lead even as Lee struggled with his strokes, hitting wide and long and often finding the net.
  • Post mid-game break, Lee produced a steep cross court return, much to the cheer of the sizable crowd who had turned out to watch the finals. The Korean lacked anticipation as Srikanth smashed his way to the title.
  • Earlier, 2013 World Champion Ratchanok Inthanon produced another gritty display to stave off the challenge from World No. 5 and defending champion Akane Yamaguchi of Japan 14-21 21-15 21-19 to win her first title of the season.

Sources- The Hindu.


GS Paper II- International Relations.

India Gifts War Memorabilia To Bangladesh.


  • India on 22nd October, 2017, gifted to the Bangladesh Prime Minister memorabilia of the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971 when an estimated 10 million Bangladesh people took refuge in India and the two neighbours fought together to drive out the Pakistani occupation army.
  • The memorabilia,handed over to Sheikh Hasina by visiting Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, includes military equipment utilised by the joint forces of India and Bangladesh as well as a large number of artefacts and documents, including historical photographs, archival audio and video clippings, maps, battle records, newspaper clippings, documentary films.


Highlights Of The Development-

  • The collection is proposed to be displayed at the Bangladesh National Museum in Shahbagh and the Museum of Independence in Suhrawardy Udyan in Dhaka.
  • Ms. Swaraj called on Ms. Hasina at the latter’s official Ganobhaban residence and they held discussions.
  • The Minister conveyed greetings from Prime Minister Narendra Modi and informed the Bangladesh leader about the discussions at 22nd October’s Joint Consultative Committee meeting. Various aspects of the relationship including security, trade and connectivity, development cooperation, power, energy and sub-regional cooperation were discussed.
  • On the ongoing Rohingya crisis, the Minister reaffirmed India’s continued support. Under ‘Operation Insaniyat’, India provided 1000 tonnes of relief material for about 5,00,000 displaced persons.
  • She stressed that India was “deeply concerned” at the situation in the Rakhine State of Myanmar. She said that it is imperative that normalcy in the State is restored expeditiously and a lasting solution found at the earliest.
  • Ms. Hasina thanked India for the support it had rendered for the distressed Rohingya.

Sources- The Hindu.


GS Paper III- Technology.

Indias First Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra For Skilling In Smart Cities Launched Under Skill India Mission In Collaboration With NDMC.


  • To bring momentum in skilling through collaborative efforts, the Union Home Minister Shri Rajnath Singh along with Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Skill Development and Entrepreneurship Shri Dharmendra Pradhan on 23rd October, 2017, inaugurated India’s first Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra (PMKK) for Skilling in Smart Cities, in collaboration with New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC). The ministers also laid the foundation for a Skill Development Centre at Moti Bagh and a Centre of Excellence at Dharam Marg, New Delhi.
  • Affirming synergies with the Government of Indias flagship programs, the new skill development centres underscore the commitment of the Ministry of Urban Affairs & Housing (MUHA) and the Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (MSDE) to support skilling in smart cities.

Highlights Of The Development-

  • National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC), an executive arm of MSDE, has collaborated with New Delhi Municipal Council Smart City Limited (NDMCSCL) to extend cooperation for setting up of PMKK Centres for Smart Cities, to provide skill training for unemployed youth through its short-term training (STT) module and contribute to the capacity building of municipal employees through Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) program.
  • The event also had graceful presence of dignitaries such as Smt. Meenakshi Lekhi, Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha, New Delhi; Shri Naresh Kumar, Chairman, NDMC; Shri Karan Singh Tanwar, Vice Chairman, NDMC; Shri Surender Singh, MLA & Member, NDMC and other senior officials from MUHA, MSDE, NSDC and NDMC.
  • Inaugurating the skill development centres, Shri Rajnath Singh said, India which has the privilege of being a young nation, would gain from this demographic dividend to become a superpower and be amongst the top three counties in the world by 2030.
  • Speaking on the occasion, Shri Dharmendra Pradhan said, Collaboration is the need of the hour to support inclusive and sustainable development in the country.
  • The newly inaugurated Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendra leverages NDMC infrastructure for skilling initiatives. Located at Mandir Marg, New Delhi, the NDMC-PMKK Centre for Skilling in Smart Cities is an exemplary heritage building of approx. 30,000 sq.ft., with a capacity of skilling 4,000 youth annually.
  • Catering to healthcare and solar energy sectors, the centre will be managed by one of NSDCs affiliated training partners – Orion Edutech, which has an impeccable record of training nearly 3 lakh candidates through its network of over 275 skill development centres across the country.

Sources- Business-Standard.