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GS Paper III, IV– challenges of corruption.

India on Transparency list for failing to curb big corruption

What’s Happening-
Major international index of corruption and transparency has placed India on the watch list for its inability to curb mega corruption scandals and petty bribery.

Key Points from Transparency International: –

  • The annual index of Transparency International issued for 2016 placed India with Brazil and China in the 40th position.
  • India’s condition showed growth with inequality.
  • “India’s ongoing poor performance with a score of 40 reiterates the state’s inability to effectively deal with petty corruption and large-scale corruption scandals,”.

Lot of scams:

  • A lot of scams in the previous government were unearthed with the help of the right to information that the government itself allowed.
  • But the present government has done nothing to boost the anti-corruption structure.
  • The demonetisation process is the latest indicator of the lack of transparency in the system, where even the Reserve Bank of India is not able to spell out the exact details of the operation,”.

Inequality disastrous:

  • Growth with inequality is disastrous on its own.
  • But in the case of India, such a growth also legitimises corruption.

South Asia had performed poorly.

  • Bangladesh at 27th and Nepal at 29th positions were slotted in the highly corrupt section.
  • Pakistan, at 32, also came in the red zone.
  • Afghanistan ranked 15th was in the “highly corrupt” list with South Sudan, North Korea and Libya.

Background-

Transparency International  (TI) is an  which is based in , .
It was founded in 1993.
Its non-profit purpose is to take action to combat  and  arising from corruption.
It publishes for example the  and the .

Way Ahead:
Present Government had not done enough on the issue of Lokpal and whistle-blower protection.
The impact of corruption on poverty, illiteracy and policy brutality showed that not only was the economy growing but so was inequality.
Their fore it needs to be controlled.

Sources-The Hindu, The Indian Express. Page 27

GS Paper II- Government policies and interventions.

Organ donations under scanner

What’s Happening-
The government has decided to bring the entire organ transplant scenario in the State — live and deceased donor organ transplants happening in both public and private sector hospitals.
Under the scanner, in an attempt to bring better accountability and transparency to the process of organ donation.

Key Points discussed were:

No data:

  • It is indeed a fact that while the deceased donor organ donation programme in the State is being coordinated by the government through Kerala Network for Organ Sharing (KNOS).
  • the government has absolutely no data on the number of living donor organ transplants happening in the private sector hospitals across the State.
  • Approximately 1,000-1,200 live kidney donations and less than 500 live liver donations are performed in the State annually.
  • There is no exact data on the number of live donations, the health status of the donor, and the survival data of those who received the organs in the private sector.

Keep KNOS in the know:

  • All private hospitals will henceforth have to inform KNOS the details about the live donor transplants they perform.
  • Those hospitals which do not furnish the information stand to lose their transplant centre licence.
  • KNOS will thus maintain a central registry of all live and cadaver organ donations in the State, including details of donors and recipients.

Background-
Possibilities of exploitation, especially in the case of live donor organ transplants, and to ensure that deceased donor organ donation programme in the State does not suffer.

A clause to be dropped: Govt measure
The government has also decided to drop the clause in the Organ Transplant Rules that in the event of an inpatient in a private hospital suffering brain-death.
the hospital can prioritise all organs among its own patients, excepting one kidney, which alone need to be shared in the general pool.
One of the allegations raised in the court case was that private hospitals were making approximately ₹1.5 -2 crore from every brain-dead patient through organ donation, as they could “trade” all organs excepting one kidney.