GS Paper I- Indian Heritage, Culture.

MoS Home Kiren Rijiju Inaugurates RIWATCH Museum In Arunachal Pradesh.


  • Minister of State for Home Affairs, Kiren Rijiju inaugurated the Research Institution of World Ancient, Traditional, Culture & Heritage (RIWATCH) Museum at Roing on Saturday, 22th July, 2017 and hoped that it would serve as a place of exchange of cultural values of various tribes of the state and the North East.
  • The MoS also pressed for documentation and research to preserve age-old culture and traditions of the state, and exhorted people to shoulder the responsibility to pass on traditional and cultural values to the next generation.



Key Things To Look Out For-

  • The MoS described the museum as a storehouse of traditional knowledge, history, arts, and science, which would be of immense benefit to researchers, educationists and anthropologists seeking to understand the unique and diversified traditions and heritage of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Highlighting the UNESCO report, which states that there are 32 languages in Arunachal Pradesh that are on the verge of extinction, Art & Culture Minister, Dr Mohesh Chai informed that the government is initiating programmes and policies to find out and to revive those minor and major tribes whose languages are on the verge of extinction.
  • He also encouraged people to learn of the minor tribes in the state, least they become extinct.
  • Chief Information Commissioner Dr Joram Begi also elaborated the importance and objective of establishment of RIWATCH in the region and called for cooperation in bringing up the museum for preservation of cultural values of various tribes. He also appreciated all the donors and government agencies for their support in establishment of a model research centre.
  • State information commissioner, Joram Begi, said that, unlike other states of the Northeast – especially Manipur, Nagaland and Mizoram – it is “not too late for Arunachal Pradesh,” and that setting up the museum would promote and preserve the state’s age-old cultural heritage.
  • RIWATCH president Vijay Swami and general secretary Dr Ista Pulu informed that more rooms would be added in the museum in order to make it a complete hub for research of the heritage and traditions of the state.
  • Later, on the sideline of his visit to Roing, Rijiju also inaugurated the 235.800 meter long Chimari Bridge, which would serve as a life line between the National Highway 52 of Roing-Tezu. The bridge has been constructed by BRO, UDAYAK/752TF/1446 BCC within the amount of Rs 12,895 lakhs.

Sources- Arunachal Times, The Dawnlit Post.


GS Paper II-Governance, Polity.

Lucknow Metro Station Is Set To Become India’s First To Provide Free Water & Toilet Facilities.


  • Lucknow Metro stations are set to be the first in the country to offer commuters free, purified drinking water and toilet facilities at all of their 21 stations.
  • The stations will have a kiosk providing purified, chilled water to commuters free. Lucknow Metro Rail Corporation (LMRC) is also going to provide free toilet facility at each of its stations.
  • They are building three toilets each for men and women and one seat for differently-abled persons at all 21 metro stations. These will be available only for commuters who pay using token or the Go-Smart card.



Key Points Of The Development-

  • On top of being India’s first metro network to offer free drinking water and toilet facilities, Lucknow Metro will also become the first in the country to have its own FM radio station. It will operate alongside a collaboration with a private radio station to provide information regarding metro safety as well as on and off board entertainment. It will also provide free -WiFi at all stations to commuters with a ‘Go Smart’ card.
  • The commencement of civil works on Uttar Pradesh’s capital state metro network started on September 27, 2014. The initial plan was for the first phase to be open to the public by this month (July, 2017).
  • Lucknow Metro is expected to cover 140km in the city in a total of four phases over the next 25 years, operating two routes, from North to South and East to West. Once completed, the Metro will shoulder the huge responsibility of ferrying a large portion of Lucknow’s over 3 million population, and will become an integral service in a city that continues to grow and attract large number of people.
  • It is also reported that it will be the fastest built metro system in the world and the most economical high speed rapid transit system project in India.
  • At the 5th Annual Metro Rail Summit held in New Delhi last year(2016), Lucknow Metro was awarded ‘Best Metro for Excellence in Innovative Designs,’ beating other states’ metro projects, including Delhi Metro, Mumbai Metro and Jaipur Metro. In the same year, the metro was further awarded with the European Society for Quality Research (ESQR) Choice Prize Award 2016 under the Gold category.
  • Lucknow Metro is expecting commissioner of metro railway safety (CMRS) to inspect the depot and Lucknow Metro corridor around month-end and accordingly aims to begin commercial run of trains on priority section of 8.5km by mid-August, 2017.

Sources- Times Of India.


GS Paper III- Technology, Economic Development.

India Launches First High-End Fuel Testing Facility In Oil & Gas Sector.


  • In a landmark development, India has launched its first Research & Development (R&D) facility in the petroleum sector for testing high-end BS-VI quality fuel emissions. The facility, operated by the largest fuel retailer Indian Oil Corp (IOC) was inaugurated by oil minister Dharmendra Pradhan.
  • The first-of-its-kind R&D facility in Faridabad is designed to test all types of fuel including petrol, diesel, ethanol-blended petrol, bio-diesel, CNG, LNG, Hydrogen-CNG and 2G-ethanol blends to ensure they meet the superior BS-VI norms that are to be implemented across the country by April 2020.
  • In addition to generating emission data, the facility will also evaluate the fuel blends for energy-efficiency and engine durability


Highlights Of The Development-

  • On the  and exhorted them to ensure that the benefits of the research and innovations reach the common man and benefit him in every possible way. He also complimented the team for developing a nano-additised battery for use in e-rickshaws, with better efficiency and longer life than commercially available batteries.
  • The minister also lauded the efforts of IndianOil R&D in commercialising Indane Nanocut — the industrial version of LPG for the metal-cutting industry.
  • He also appreciated the Centre’s R&D efforts in new process and product technologies like OCTAMAX, intelligent instrumented pipeline inspection gauge (IPIG), 2G-ethanol and various catalysts developed for refinery and petrochemical plant operationoccasion, Pradhan addressed and congratulated senior scientists at the IOC R&D divisions. Pradhan said he hoped IndianOil would take a quantum leap in alternative and renewable research arenas in the next 3-4 years.
  • IndianOil’s R&D Centre, established in 1972, is among the key Centres of Excellence in the country in downstream petroleum R&D.
  • With a portfolio of over 550 active patents in India and abroad, the Centre lends backend support to the company in the form of proprietary research and commercialisation capabilities in lubricants, refinery processes & pipelines operations, fuel additives, catalysts, alternative & renewable energy sources, engine testing, materials sciences and environmental sciences.

Sources- ET Energyworld.