‘’Paper 4-GS-III, Topic: Infrastructure development of Airports – Centre gives wings to international airport in Jewar

Noida International Airport likely to be operational within six years, will be built to handle 30-50 million passengers per year

    What is important to know:

  • A second airport in the National Capital Region (NCR) will become a reality in the next five years as the Centre gave its nod to develop a “world class” international airport in Greater Noida’s Jewar region in UttarPradesh.
  • The clearance for the long-pending airport project was given by the Ministry of Civil Aviation’s Steering Committee, which met on Friday.
  • The panel gave its nod after taking inputs from the Airports Authority of India (AAI), the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, the Defence Ministry, the Finance Ministry and the NITI Aayog.
  • The Noida International Airport will be built to handle 30-50 million passengers per year over the next decade, Civil Aviation Minister Ashok Gajapathi Raju said.
  • The airport is aimed at easing the burden on Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (IGIA), which is expected to reach its peak capacity of handling 109 million passengers in the next seven years.
  • The new airport for Delhi-NCR will be at par with the Mumbai airport, which handles around 45 million passengers annually at present.
  • The airport will be built in two phases, with the first phase expected to be operational “in five-six years,” Civil Aviation Secretary R. N. Choubey said.
  • The first phase of the new airport will see flight operations from one runway and one terminal with a potential to handle around 20-25 million passengers.
  • According to the Operation Management and Development Agreement (OMDA) that GMR signed with its IGIA partner, AAI, the former will have the RoFR in case an airport is built within 150 km of the existing one.
  • In the case of the Navi Mumbai airport, the GVK-led Mumbai International Airport Limited (MIAL), which won the bid to run the airport, also had a RoFR due to an existing airport at Mumbai.

    Source: The Hindu


‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Bilateral & Global groupings effecting India’s interest – Frustration again for India at NSG meet

Group says all aspects considered; New Delhi will have a chance to make another attempt in five months

    What you need to know:

  • The annual plenary meeting of the Nuclear Suppliers Group in the Swiss capital of Berne on June 22 and 23 ended without agreeing on India’s case for a membership, for a second year, though member states agreed to convene another meeting on the subject of non-signatories to the Non Proliferation Treaty, such as India and Pakistan, in another five months.
  • A public statement issued on Friday night by the 48-member body, which holds all consultations in secret and takes decisions by consensus, said: “The NSG had discussions on the issue of ‘Technical, Legal and Political Aspects of the Participation of non-NPT States in the NSG’. The Group decided to continue its discussion and noted the intention of the Chair to organise an informal meeting in November.”
  • The NSG said the Berne plenary had “continued to consider all aspects of the implementation of the 2008 Statement on Civil Nuclear Cooperation with India and discussed the NSG relationship with India”.
  • The “technical, legal and political aspects” phrase in the NSG statement is part of a process decided on in 2016, when India and Pakistan had both formally applied for membership to build criteria for admitting non-NPT members.
  • India would prefer to see a “case-by-case” basis membership process employed, given it has an impeccable record on nuclear transparency compared to Pakistan, which is accused of nuclear smuggling.
  • At the end of the plenary session in 2016, the NSG chairperson had appointed Argentine diplomat Rafael Grossi to oversee the process of building a consensus on the issue, but it is unclear if he will continue to lead that effort this year.

   China blamed:

  • India has blamed China for being the “one country” stopping the NSG from a consensus, and although other members are understood to have expressed their concerns on a non-inclusive process, China has been prominent in objecting publicly, leading most experts to conclude the process won’t be resolved quickly.
  • The NSG issue is now part of the growing list of intractables with China, and there is not enough to permit a give and take,” said the former Prime Minister’s nuclear envoy, Rakesh Sood, when asked whether the stand-off would continue.

   Source: News United

‘’Paper 3-GS-II, Topic: Effect of policies developing India’s interest – IT sector gets disabled-friendly

Hyderabad’s Information Technology industry has hired close to 132 new staff in various posts


  • Information Technology companies, 4% of which had made their office buildings employment friendly, have started hiring disabled people in good numbers. Thanks to a Union government initiative where it contributes to the provident fund of physically challenged employees with salary over Rs. 25,000, Hyderabad’s IT industry has hired close to 132 new staff in various posts.
  • The government of India will pay the PF of these employees for a period of three years. National Association of Software and Service Companies’ Foundation has been mooting the disabled friendly move for over a three years now. The foundation had also popularised the scheme by interfacing between national and local government partners.
  • Sneha Dutta, a 23-year-old IT professional who benefited from the implementation of the scheme said, “The initiative not just encourages companies to hire people with disability but also allows them to diversify their work atmosphere, which is now a criteria that gets considered during global partnerships”.
  • Even the international labour organisation had mandated diverse workspaces as a development criterion. Most people who were recruited under the scheme, were, however, those with walking disabilities. “Visually challenged and hearing impaired people are still trickling into offices,” said Ms. Dutta.

   Sensitization drives:

  • NASSCOM has been holding career guidance drives for physically challenged for almost three years. In a recent career motivation workshop held in the city where NASSCOM partnered with Microsoft, a good 3% of young girls who attended were physically challenged.
  • The foundation has also been conducting closed-door leadership roundtables in the city to get more employers on board. Such meets are meant to be a key advocacy tool when it comes to people with disability. “Wipro recently had included terms which are part of daily communication in the IT industry to sign language dictionary. This has also contributed to integrating persons with hearing disabilities into their workplace since 2012,” said NASSCOM Foundation’s CEO, Srikant Sinha.
  • In fact, a group of 10 to 15 companies which already remodelled their buildings to make them more disability friendly are also leading the advocacy for employing physically challenged people. The city’s IT area is expected to be completely disabled friendly by the year 2022, a handout given by the State IT department had ascertained in 2016.

    Source: Times of India